丁伊拉賀教

丁伊拉賀教波斯語دین الهی‎,直譯為『神的信仰』)[1][2]是由蒙兀兒帝國第三任統治者阿克巴於1582年創立的綜攝宗教。它以伊斯蘭教為基礎,並結合印度教祆教基督教耆那教佛教等元素。其目的是為促進帝國境內的民族和諧與鞏固王權。[2]但即使是阿克巴在位時期,該教信眾總人數仍不超過20人。[3]阿克巴逝世後,丁伊拉賀教逐漸被世人遺忘。

丁伊拉賀教
Emperor Akbar.png
丁伊拉賀教創始人阿克巴
類別政教合一、亞伯拉罕諸教、印度地方信仰
區域印度次大陸
創始人阿克巴
起源1582
蒙兀兒帝國阿格拉法泰赫普爾西克里
分裂伊斯蘭教
廢除1606
信徒21(粗略)

17世紀的蒙兀兒帝王達拉·希科 (1615-1659)一度想重振丁伊拉賀教,但隨即遭其弟奧朗則布 (1618-1707)篡位並以叛教之名處死。[4]奧朗則布在位期間捨棄宗教寬容政策,以強硬的伊斯蘭教法推行帝國全面伊斯蘭化,並大舉迫害印度教錫克教徒,使丁伊拉賀教再無重生機會。[5]

註釋编辑

  1. ^ Din-i Ilahi - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Roy Choudhury, Makhan Lal, The Din-i-Ilahi, or, The religion of Akbar 4th, New Delhi: Oriental Reprint, 1997 [First published 1941], ISBN 978-81-215-0777-6 
  3. ^ Din-i Ilahi - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  4. ^ "India was at a crossroads in the mid-seventeenth century; it had the potential of moving forward with Dara Shikoh, or of turning back to medievalism with Aurangzeb".Eraly, Abraham. The Mughal Throne : The Saga of India's Great Emperors. London: Phoenix. 2004: 336. ISBN 0-7538-1758-6. 
    "Poor Dara Shikoh!....thy generous heart and enlightened mind had reigned over this vast empire, and made it, perchance, the garden it deserves to be made". William Sleeman (1844), E-text of Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official p.272
  5. ^ Jackson, Roy. Mawlana Mawdudi and Political Islam: Authority and the Islamic State. Routledge. 2010. ISBN 9781136950360.