乔治·阿姆斯特朗·卡斯特

乔治·阿姆斯特朗·卡斯特(英語:George Armstrong Custer;1839年12月5日-1876年6月25日),美国陸軍軍官,曾任第七騎兵團中校團長及義勇軍英语United States Volunteers少將,以驍勇聞名。著有自传《我的平原生涯》。卡斯特原先是受到青睞的美國總統候選人之一。

乔治·阿姆斯特朗·卡斯特

簡述编辑

卡斯特祖先居住在德国莱茵兰,在1693年左右移民北美

1839年生於俄亥俄州朱威特英语Jewett, Ohio,并在1861年西點軍校砲兵科當屆最後一名畢業,曾率领第七骑兵团参与美国南北战争,曾經以密西根骑兵五百人,殲滅一支南军骑兵旅,俘虏官兵七百餘人,1865年時,官拜少將

南北戰爭結束後,復級為正規軍中校,率領第七騎兵團

美國淘金熱風潮大起,白人拓荒,卻時常遭到美國原住民印第安人獵首,於是卡斯特奉命進兵綏剿。

1876年6月25日,闻名美軍的卡斯特參與北美印第安战争,自己率領兩百餘騎兵與雷諾少校(Reno)、班廷上尉(Benteen)分兵三路,進攻蒙大拿州黑山山谷,沒想到雷諾與班廷遇阻退卻,卡斯特及其所部遭印第安頭目疯马”、“紅雲”與“坐牛”率领的三千名印第安人战士伏击,弹尽阵亡(一說為自杀),是為小大角戰役

参考书目编辑

外部视频链接
  Booknotes interview with Louise Barnett on Touched by Fire, October 13, 1996, C-SPAN
  • Ambrose, Stephen E. (1996 [1975]). Crazy Horse and Custer: The Parallel Lives of Two American Warriors. New York: Anchor Books. ISBN 0-385-47966-2.
  • Barnett, Louise (1996) Touched by Fire: The Life, Death, and Mythic Afterlife of George Armstrong Custer New York, Henry Holt and Company, Inc. ISBN 0803262663
  • Boulard, Garry (2006) The Swing Around the Circle: Andrew Johnson and the Train Ride that Destroyed a Presidency ISBN 9781440102394
  • Caudill, Edward and Paul Ashdown (2015). Inventing Custer: The Making of An American Legend. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield. ISBN 9781442251861
  • Connell, Evan S. Son Of The Morning Star. San Francisco, California: North Point Press. 1984. ISBN 978-0-86547-160-3.  已忽略未知参数|url-access= (帮助)
  • Eicher, John H.; Eicher, David J. Civil War High Commands. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1. 
  • Goodrich, Thomas. Scalp Dance: Indian Warfare on the High Plains, 1865–1879. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1997. ISBN 081171523X
  • Gray, John S. Custer's Last Campaign: Mitch Boyer and the Little Bighorn Remembered. University of Nebraska Press. 1993. ISBN 978-0-8032-7040-4. 
  • Grinnell, George Bird. The Fighting Cheyennes. The University of Oklahoma Press reprint 1956. 1915: 296–307. ISBN 978-0-7394-0373-0. 
  • Longacre, Edward G. (2000). Lincoln's Cavalrymen: A History of the Mounted Forces of the Army of the Potomac. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-1049-1.
  • Longstreet, James, From Manassas to Appomattox: Memoirs of the Civil War in America, J.B. Lippincott, 1908.
  • Mails, Thomas E. (1972). Mystic Warriors of the Plains. Doubleday. ISBN 038504741X
  • Marshall, Joseph M. III. (2007). The Day the World Ended at Little Bighorn: A Lakota History. New York: Viking Press. ISBN 9780670038534
  • Merington, Marguerite, Ed. The Custer Story: The Life and Intimate Letters of General Custer and his Wife Elizabeth. (1950) OCLC 1027056
  • Michno, Gregory F. (1997). Lakota Noon: The Indian Narrative of Custer's Defeat. Mountain Press Publishing Company. ISBN 0-87842-349-4.
  • Perrett, Bryan. Last Stand: Famous Battles Against the Odds. London: Arms & Armour, 1993. ISBN 0304350559
  • Scott, Douglas D.; Fox, Richard A.; Connor, Melissa A.; Harmon, Dick. Archaeological Perspectives on the Battle of the Little Bighorn. University of Oklahoma Press. 1989. ISBN 978-0-8061-3292-1. 
  • Punke, Michael, "Last Stand: George Bird Grinnell, the Battle to Save the Buffalo, and the Birth of the New West", Smithsonian Books, 2007, ISBN 978-0-06-089782-6
  • Robbins, James S. The Real Custer: From Boy General to Tragic Hero. Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing, 2014, ISBN 978-1-62157-209-1
  • Tagg, Larry. (1988). The Generals of Gettysburg. Savas Publishing. ISBN 1-882810-30-9.
  • Urwin, Gregory J. W., Custer Victorious, University of Nebraska Press, 1990, ISBN 978-0-8032-9556-8.
  • Utley, Robert M. (2001). Cavalier in Buckskin: George Armstrong Custer and the Western Military Frontier, revised edition. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3387-2.
  • Vestal, Stanley. Warpath: The True Story of the Fighting Sioux Told in a Biography of Chief White Bull. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1934. OCLC 250280757
  • Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders. Louisiana State University Press. 1964. ISBN 978-0-8071-0822-2. 
  • Welch, James, with Paul Stekler. (2007 [1994]). Killing Custer: The Battle of Little Bighorn and the Fate of the Plains Indians. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
  • Wert, Jeffry D. Custer: The Controversial Life of George Armstrong Custer. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996. ISBN 0-684-83275-5.
  • Wittenberg, Eric J. Glory Enough for All : Sheridan's Second Raid and the Battle of Trevilian Station. Brassey's Inc. 2001. ISBN 978-1-57488-353-4.