乳桿菌屬

乳桿菌屬拉丁語Lactobacillus)即為乳酸桿菌,是一種存在於人類體內的益生菌。乳桿菌因能夠將碳水化合物發酵乳酸而得名,可用於製造液态酸奶固态奶酪德國酸菜啤酒葡萄酒泡菜醃漬食品和其他發酵食品。益生菌能夠幫助消化,有助人體腸臟的健康,因此酸奶被視為健康食品。

乳杆菌属Infobox info icon2.svg
Lactobacillus sp 01.png
圍繞在陰道單層扁平上皮細胞周圍的乳桿菌
科学分类 编辑
界: 细菌界 Bacteria
门: 厚壁菌门 Bacillota
纲: 芽孢杆菌纲 Bacilli
目: 乳杆菌目 Lactobacillales
科: 乳杆菌科 Lactobacillaceae
属: 乳杆菌属 Lactobacillus
Beijerinck, 1901

見內文

物種编辑

本属包括以下物种:[1]

  • 耐酸乳杆菌 Lactobacillus acetotolerans Entani et al., 1986
  • Lactobacillus acidifarinae Vancanneyt et al., 2005
  • Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al., 2000
  • 嗜酸乳桿菌 Lactobacillus acidophilus'' (Moro, 1900) Hansen & Mocquot, 1970,嗜酸杆菌
  • 嗜酸产气乳杆菌 Lactobacillus acidophil-aerogenes,嗜酸产气杆菌,嗜酸产气乳杆菌
  • 嗜酸病原乳杆菌 Lactobacillus acidophilus-pathogenes
  • 敏捷乳杆菌 Lactobacillus agilis Weiss et al., 1982
  • 嗜醇乳杆菌 Lactobacillus alcoholphilus
  • Lactobacillus algidus Kato et al., 2000
  • Lactobacillus alimentarius
  • Lactobacillus amylolyticus Bohak et al., 1999
  • Lactobacillus amylophilus Nakamura & Crowell, 1981
  • Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura, 1981
  • Lactobacillus animalis Dent & Williams, 1983
  • Lactobacillus antri Roos et al., 2005
  • Lactobacillus apinorum Olofsson et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus apis Killer et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus apodemi Osawa et al., 2006
  • Lactobacillus aquaticus Mañes-Lázaro et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus aviarius Fujisawa et al., 1985
  • Lactobacillus backii Tohno et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus bifermentans
  • Lactobacillus bombi Killer et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus bombicola Praet et al., 2015
  • Lactobacillus brantae Volokhov et al., 2012
  • 短乳桿菌 Lactobacillus brevis (Orla-Jensen, 1919) Bergey et al., 1934
  • Lactobacillus buchneri (Henneberg, 1903) Bergey et al., 1923
  • Lactobacillus cacaonum De Bruyne et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus camelliae Tanasupawat et al., 2007
  • Lactobacillus capillatus Chao et al., 2008
  • 乾酪乳桿菌 Lactobacillus casei (Orla-Jensen, 1916) Hansen & Lessel, 1971
  • Lactobacillus caviae Killer et al., 2017
  • Lactobacillus cerevisiae Koob et al., 2017
  • Lactobacillus ceti Monteros, Goyache, Herraez, Tames, Cruz, Dominguez & Fernandez-Garayzabal, 2008
  • Lactobacillus ceti Vela et al., 2008
  • Lactobacillus coleohominis Nikolaitchouk et al., 2001
  • Lactobacillus colini Zhang et al., 2017
  • Lactobacillus collinoides Carr & Davies, 1972
  • Lactobacillus composti Endo & Okada, 2007
  • Lactobacillus concavus Tong & Dong, 2005
  • Lactobacillus coryniformis Abo-Elnaga & Kandler, 1965
  • Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo & Aladame, 1953) Moore & Holdeman, 1970
  • Lactobacillus crustorum Scheirlinck et al., 2007
  • Lactobacillus curieae Lei et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson, 1903) Abo-Elnaga & Kandler, 1965
  • 德氏乳桿菌 (L.delbrueckii)
    • 德氏乳杆菌保加利亚亚种 Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus,保加利亚乳杆菌
    • 德氏乳杆菌指名亚种 Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii
    • Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis
  • Lactobacillus dextrinicus (Coster & White, 1964) Haakensen et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus diolivorans Krooneman et al., 2002
  • Lactobacillus equi Morotomi et al., 2002
  • Lactobacillus equicursoris Morita et al., 2010
  • Lactobacillus equigenerosi Endo et al., 2008
  • Lactobacillus fabifermentans De Bruyne et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus faecis Endo et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus farciminis
  • Lactobacillus farraginis Endo & Okada, 2007
  • 发酵乳杆菌 Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck, 1901
  • Lactobacillus floricola Kawasaki et al., 2011
  • Lactobacillus florum Endo et al., 2010
  • Lactobacillus formosensis Chang et al., 2015
  • Lactobacillus fornicalis Dicks et al., 2000
  • Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al., 1934
  • Lactobacillus frumenti Müller et al., 2000
  • Lactobacillus fuchuensis Sakala et al., 2002
  • Lactobacillus furfuricola Irisawa et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus futsaii Chao et al., 2012
  • Lactobacillus gallinarum Fujisawa et al., 1992
  • 戈氏乳杆菌 Lactobacillus gasseri Lauer & Kandler, 1980
  • Lactobacillus gastricus Roos et al., 2005
  • 加纳乳杆菌 Lactobacillus ghanensis Nielsen et al., 2007
  • Lactobacillus gigeriorum Cousin et al., 2012
  • Lactobacillus gorillae Tsuchida et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus graminis Beck et al., 1989
  • Lactobacillus hammesii Valcheva et al., 2005
  • Lactobacillus hamsteri Mitsuoka & Fujisawa, 1988
  • 哈尔滨乳杆菌 Lactobacillus harbinensis Miyamoto et al., 2006
  • Lactobacillus hayakitensis Morita et al., 2007
  • 黑龙江乳杆菌 Lactobacillus heilongjiangensis Gu et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus helsingborgensis Olofsson et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen, 1919) Bergey et al., 1925
  • Lactobacillus herbarum Mao et al., 2015
  • Lactobacillus hilgardii Douglas & Cruess, 1936
  • Lactobacillus hokkaidonensis Tohno et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus hominis Cousin et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus hordei Rouse et al., 2008
  • 惰性乳杆菌 Lactobacillus iners Falsen et al., 1999
  • Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al., 2003
  • Lactobacillus insicii Ehrmann et al., 2016
  • Lactobacillus intestinalis
  • Lactobacillus iwatensis Tohno et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus ixorae Techo et al., 2016
  • Lactobacillus jensenii Gasser et al., 1970
  • 约翰逊乳杆菌 Lactobacillus johnsonii Fujisawa et al., 1992
  • Lactobacillus kalixensis Roos et al., 2005
  • Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al., 1988
  • Lactobacillus kefiri Kandler & Kunath, 1983
  • Lactobacillus kimbladii
  • Lactobacillus kimchicus Liang et al., 2011
  • Lactobacillus kimchiensis Kim et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus kisonensis Watanabe et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus kitasatonis Mukai et al., 2003
  • 朝鲜乳杆菌 Lactobacillus koreensis Bui et al., 2011
  • Lactobacillus kullabergensis Olofsson et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus kunkeei Edwards et al., 1998
  • Lactobacillus lindneri
  • Lactobacillus malefermentans
  • Lactobacillus mali Carr & Davies, 1970
  • Lactobacillus manihotivorans Morlon-Guyot et al., 1998
  • Lactobacillus mellifer Olofsson et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus mellis Olofsson et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus melliventris Olofsson et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus mindensis Ehrmann et al., 2003
  • Lactobacillus mixtipabuli Tohno et al., 2015
  • Lactobacillus modestisalitolerans Miyashita et al., 2015
  • Lactobacillus mucosae Roos et al., 2000
  • 牡丹江乳杆菌 Lactobacillus mudanjiangensis Gu et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus mulieris
  • Lactobacillus murinus Hemme et al., 1982
  • Lactobacillus nagelii Edwards et al., 2000
  • Lactobacillus namurensis Scheirlinck et al., 2007
  • Lactobacillus nantensis Valcheva et al., 2006
  • Lactobacillus nasuensis Cai et al., 2012
  • 嫩江乳桿菌 Lactobacillus nenjiangensis Gu et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus nodensis Kashiwagi et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus odoratitofui Chao et al., 2010
  • Lactobacillus oeni Mañes-Lázaro et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus oligofermentans Koort et al., 2005
  • Lactobacillus oris Farrow & Collins, 1988
  • Lactobacillus oryzae Tohno et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus otakiensis Watanabe et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus ozensis Kawasaki et al., 2011
  • Lactobacillus panis Wiese et al., 1996
  • Lactobacillus panisapium
  • Lactobacillus pantheris Liu & Dong, 2002
  • Lactobacillus parabrevis Vancanneyt et al., 2006
  • Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al., 1989
  • Lactobacillus paracasei Collins et al., 1989
  • Lactobacillus paracollinoides Suzuki et al., 2004
  • Lactobacillus parafarraginis Endo & Okada, 2007
  • Lactobacillus paragasseri
  • Lactobacillus parakefiri Takizawa et al., 1994
  • Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al., 1999
  • Lactobacillus paraplantarum Curk et al., 1996
  • Lactobacillus pasteurii Cousin et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus paucivorans Ehrmann et al., 2010
  • Lactobacillus pentosiphilus Tohno et al., 2017
  • Lactobacillus pentosus
  • Lactobacillus perolens Back et al., 2000
  • Lactobacillus plajomi Miyashita et al., 2015
  • 植物乳杆菌 Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen, 1919) Bergey et al., 1923
  • Lactobacillus pobuzihii Chen et al., 2010
  • Lactobacillus pontis Vogel et al., 1994
  • Lactobacillus porci
  • Lactobacillus porcinae Nguyen et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus psittaci Lawson et al., 2001
  • Lactobacillus rapi Watanabe et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus rennini Chenoll et al., 2006
  • Lactobacillus reuteri Kandler et al., 1982
  • 鼠李糖乳桿菌 Lactobacillus rhamnosus (Hansen, 1968) Collins et al., 1989
  • Lactobacillus rodentium Killer et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus rogosae Holdeman & Moore, 1974
  • Lactobacillus rossiae Corsetti et al., 2005
  • Lactobacillus ruminis Sharpe et al., 1973
  • Lactobacillus saerimneri Pedersen & Roos, 2004
  • Lactobacillus sakei Katagiri et al., 1934
  • 唾液乳桿菌 Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al., 1953
  • 旧金山乳桿菌 Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis
  • Lactobacillus saniviri Oki et al., 2012
  • Lactobacillus satsumensis Endo & Okada, 2005
  • Lactobacillus secaliphilus Ehrmann et al., 2007
  • Lactobacillus selangorensis (Leisner et al., 2000) Haakensen et al., 2011
  • Lactobacillus senioris Oki et al., 2012
  • Lactobacillus senmaizukei Hiraga et al., 2008
  • Lactobacillus sharpeae Weiss et al., 1982
  • 深圳乳桿菌 Lactobacillus shenzhenensis Zou et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus sicerae Puertas et al., 2014
  • Lactobacillus silagei Tohno et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus silagincola Tohno et al., 2017
  • Lactobacillus siliginis Aslam et al., 2006
  • 相似乳桿菌 Lactobacillus similis Kitahara et al., 2010
  • 松花江乳桿菌 Lactobacillus songhuajiangensis Gu et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus spicheri Meroth et al., 2004
  • Lactobacillus suantsaicola Lin et al., 2020
  • Lactobacillus sucicola Irisawa & Okada, 2009
  • Lactobacillus suebicus Kleynmans et al., 1989
  • Lactobacillus sunkii Watanabe et al., 2009
  • 台湾乳桿菌 Lactobacillus taiwanensis Wang et al., 2009
  • 泰国乳桿菌 Lactobacillus thailandensis Tanasupawat et al., 2007
  • Lactobacillus tucceti Chenoll et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus ultunensis Roos et al., 2005
  • Lactobacillus uvarum Mañes-Lázaro et al., 2009
  • Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki & Okada, 1983
  • Lactobacillus vaginalis Embley et al., 1989
  • Lactobacillus versmoldensis Kröckel et al., 2003
  • Lactobacillus vespulae Hoang et al., 2015
  • Lactobacillus vini Rodas et al., 2006
  • Lactobacillus wasatchensis Oberg et al., 2016
  • 襄樊乳杆菌 Lactobacillus xiangfangensis Gu et al., 2012
  • Lactobacillus xujianguonis
  • Lactobacillus yonginensis Yi et al., 2013
  • Lactobacillus zeae
  • Lactobacillus zymae Vancanneyt et al., 2005

參見编辑

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ Lactobacillus Beijerinck, 1901. GBIF. [2022-06-09]. (原始内容存档于2021-12-09). 

外部連結编辑