休斯顿·斯图尔特·张伯伦

休斯顿·斯图尔特·张伯伦(英語:Houston Stewart Chamberlain 1855年9月9日-1927年1月9日)德国英国裔政治哲学自然科学瓦格纳传记作家。《牛津国家人物传记大辞典》中称他为“种族主义作家”。1908年,与瓦格纳的女儿结婚。他创作的《十九世纪的基础》(Die Grundlagen des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts )成为二十世纪泛德意志运动的重要参考文献,也是后来纳粹种族政策的重要文献来源。

休斯顿·斯图尔特·张伯伦

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  • Biddiss, Michael (1998), "History as Destiny: Gobineau, H. S. Chamberlain and Spengler," Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Vol. VII, Sixth Series, Cambridge University Press.
  • Buruma, Ian (2000) Anglomania: A European Love Affair New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0375705368
  • Carr, Jonathan, The Wagner Clan: The Saga of Germany's Most Illustrious and Infamous Family, New York: Atlantic Monthly Press: 409, 2007, ISBN 978-0-87113-975-7 
  • Domeier, Norman (2015) The Eulenburg Affair: A Cultural History of Politics in the German Empire, Rochester: Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 9781571139122
  • Evans, Richard J. (2005) The Coming of the Third Reich, London: Penguin Books. ISBN 0143034693
  • Field, Geoffrey G., Evangelist of Race: The Germanic Vision of Houston Stewart Chamberlain, New York: Columbia University Press: 565, 1981, ISBN 978-0-231-04860-6 
  • Fraser, David (January 1990) "Houston Stewart Chamberlain Revolutionary or Reactionary?" in Journal of 20th Century History, Volume 20, #1, pp. 410–24
  • Friedländer, Saul (1998) Nazi Germany and the Jews: Volume 1: The Years of Persecution 1933–1939, New York: Harper Perennial. ISBN 0060928786
  • Hadow, Sir W. H., Richard Wagner, London: T. Butterworth, Ltd., 1934 
  • Hilmes, Oliver, Cosimas Kinder: Triumph und Tragödie der Wagner-Dynastie (Cosima's Children: Triumph and Tragedy of the Wagner Dynasty), Munich, Germany: Siedler Verlag: 319, 2009, ISBN 978-3-88680-899-1 (德语) 
  • Lobenstein-Reichmann, Anja (2008): Houston Stewart Chamberlain. Zur textlichen Konstruktion einer Weltanschauung. Eine sprach-, diskurs- und ideologiegeschichtliche Analyse. (Studia linguistica; Bd. 95). De Gruyter, Berlin: de Gruyter.ISBN 978-3-11-020957-0.
  • Lobenstein-Reichmann, Anja (2009): Houston Stewart Chamberlains Rassentheoretische Geschichts„philosophie“. In: Werner Bergmann, Ulrich Sieg (Hrsg.): Antisemitische Geschichtsbilder. (Antisemitismus. Geschichte und Strukturen: Bd. 5). Essen: Klartext Verlag. p. 139–166. ISBN 978-3-8375-0114-8
  • Lobenstein-Reichmann, Anja (2013): Kulturchauvinismus. Germanisches Christentum. Austilgungsrassismus. Houston Stewart Chamberlain als Leitfigur des deutschnationalen Bürgertums und Stichwortgeber Adolf Hitlers. In: Hannes Heer (Hrsg.): Weltanschauung en marche. Die Bayreuther Festspiele und die Juden 1876 bis 1945. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, p. 169–192. ISBN 978-3-8260-5290-3
  • Lobenstein-Reichmann, Anja (2017): Houston Stewart Chamberlain. In: Handbuch der völkischen Wissenschaften. Akteure, Netzwerke, Forschungsprogramme. Band 1: Biographien. Hrsg. von Michael Fahlbusch / Ingo Haar / Alexander Pinwinkler. 2. vollständig überarbeitete Auflage. Boston / Berlin: de Gruyter. p. 114-119.
  • Mosse, George L. (1968) "Introduction to the 1968 Edition" to Chamberlain, Houston Stewart The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century Vol. I. Lees, John (trans.) New York: Howard Fertig Inc.
  • Ossietzky, Carl von (1984) "Anti-Semites" in Kaes, Anton; Jay, Martin; and Dimendberg, Edward (eds.) The Weimar Republic Sourcebook. Los Angeles: University of California Press. pp. 276–80
  • Praeger, Ferdinand (1892) Wagner as I Knew Him London: Longman, Green & Co.
  • Real, Jéan, The religious conception of race: Houston Stewart Chamberlain and Germanic Christianity, Vermeil, Edmond (编), The Third Reich: Essays on the National-Socialist Movement in Germany, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson: 243–286, 1955, OCLC 753252220 
  • Redesdale, Lord (1913) "Introduction" to Chamberlain, Houston Stewart The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century (4th English language impression). London.
  • Röhl, John (2004) Wilhelm II: The Kaiser's Personal Monarchy, 1888–1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521819202
  • Scholz, Dieter, Ein deutsches Mißverständnis. Richard Wagner zwischen Barrikade und Walhalla, Berlin: Parthas Verlag, 1997, ISBN 978-3932529139 
  • Shirer, William L. (1985) [1959] The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. Book Club Associates.
  • Wette, Wolfram (2006) The Wehrmacht: History, Myth, Reality, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 33 ISBN 9780674025776
  • Barzun, Jacques (1937), Race: A Study in Modern Superstition, Taylor & Francis.
  • Kelly, Alfred (1981), The Descent of Darwin: The Popularization of Darwinism in Germany, 1860–1914, University of North Carolina Press.
  • Mather Jr., F. J. (1915), "Ethnic Darwinism: A New-Old Fallacy," The Unpopular Review, Vol. III, No. 5.
  • Newman, Ernest (1931), "The Case of Ferdinand Praeger." In Fact and Fiction about Wagner, Alfred A. Knopf.
  • Parkinson, C. Northcote (1958), "The Theory of Dictatorship." In Evolution of Political Thought, Part IV, Chap. 22, Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Redesdale, Lord (1914), "Houston Stewart Chamberlain," The Edinburgh Review, Vol. CCXIX, No. 447.
  • Snyder, Louis L. (1939), "Houston Stewart Chamberlain and Teutonic Nordicism." In Race, A History of Modern Ethnic Theories, Chap. VIII, Longmans, Green and Co.
  • Stein, Ludwig (1918), "The Neo-Romantic Movement." In Philosophical Currents of the Present Day, Chap. V. The University of Calcutta.
  • Williamson, Roger Andrew (1973), Houston Stewart Chamberlain: A Study of the Man and His Ideas, 1855–1927, University of California, Santa Barbara.
  • Voegelin, Eric (1940), "The Growth of the Race Idea," The Review of Politics, Vol. 2, No. 3.
  • Voegelin, Eric (1997), Race and State, University of Missouri Press.