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倫敦米德蘭和蘇格蘭鐵路

倫敦米德蘭和蘇格蘭鐵路(英語:London, Midland and Scottish Railway)是英國在1921年鐵路法成立之後創建的一家企業。1921年鐵路法成立之後,英國強制合併約300家鐵路公司為四大鐵路集團,倫敦米德蘭和蘇格蘭鐵路就是在這波合併潮之中誕生。倫敦米德蘭和蘇格蘭鐵路成立於1923年1月1日,是當時歐洲最大的企業集團和連鎖酒店集團,擁有6,870英里長的鐵路路線。倫敦米德蘭和蘇格蘭鐵路所屬的主要路線包括了西海岸主線,主要收益來源於貨運。

參考資料编辑

  • Arnold, R. M. N. C. C. Saga: London, Midland and Scottish Railway in Northern Ireland. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. 16 Aug 1973. ISBN 978-0-7153-5644-9. 
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  • Day, John R.; Reed, John. The Story of London's Underground 10th. Harrow: Capital Transport. 2008 [1963]. ISBN 978-1-85414-316-7. 
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  • Hunt, David; Jennison, Kohn; Essery, Robert. The standard compounds. LMS Locomotive Profile 13. Wild Swan Publications Ltd. 23 Nov 2010. ISBN 978-1-905184-81-1. 
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  • Nock, O.S. Sir William Stanier: An engineering biography. Ian Allan. 1964. 
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  • Nock, O.S. A History of the LMS. Vol. 2: The Record Breaking 'Thirties, 1931–1939. George Allen & Unwin. 1982. ISBN 0-04-385093-6. 
  • Simmons, Jack; Biddle, Gordon (编). Oxford Companion to British Railway History 1. OUP. Oct 1997. ISBN 978-0-19-211697-0. 
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外部連結编辑