傳統主義西班牙國家工團主義進攻委員會方陣

傳統主義西班牙國家工團主義進攻委員會方陣(西班牙語:Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional Sindicalista,缩写为FET y de las JONS)是西班牙历史上的一个极右翼政党。1937年4月19日,西班牙长枪党(西班牙国家工团主义进攻委员会方阵)和卡洛斯主义政党传统主义团契合并为傳統主義西班牙國家工團主義進攻委員會方陣。该党作为西班牙执政党及唯一的合法政党直至1977年被取缔。

傳統主義西班牙國家工團主義進攻委員會方陣
Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional Sindicalista
國家元首佛朗哥 (1937–1975)
成立1937年4月19日 (1937-04-19)
解散1977年4月7日 (1977-04-07)
合并自傳統主義團契英语Traditionalist Communion
西班牙長槍黨
总部馬德里阿爾卡拉街44號[n 1]
党报向上英语Arriba (newspaper)
青年组织青年陣線全國代表團英语Frente de Juventudes
学生组织西班牙大學聯盟英语Sindicato Español Universitario
妇女组织婦女部英语Sección Femenina
工會組織西班牙工會組織英语Spanish Syndical Organization
意识形态長槍主義
法西斯主義[2]
政治立场極右翼
宗教信仰羅馬天主教
党歌面對陽光英语Cara al Sol
官方色彩   
党旗
Bandera FE JONS.svg
西班牙政治
政党 · 选举

註釋编辑

  1. ^ Headquarters of the General Secretariat.[1]

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ El yugo y las flechas de Alcalá 44, desmontados. El País. 10 April 1977. 
  2. ^ Blinkhorn 2003,第10–11頁: "The Franco regime-the only European regime with a major radical fascist ingredient to survive long beyond 1945, and studied here by Paul Preston—is a useful example. Notwithstanding the aforementioned fascisant tendencies within the Spanish Catholic and monarchist right, radical fascism, in the form of the Falange (fused from 1934 with the JONS), was weak until 1936 when it began to expand rapidly, not least through the recruitment of disillusioned JAP-ists. [...] The product, like the Italian Fascist regime, was a compromise between radical fascism and conservative authoritarianism, in this case with unambiguous military and Church support. As Preston indicates, Falangism played a superficially prominent and important role for as long as it suited Franco, that is, until the mid-1940s, thereafter to be shunned into the sidings of Spanish political life."; Griffin & Feldman 2004,第82–83頁; Albanese & Hierro 2016,第54頁: "It was the FET-JONS, the main actor in Spain, which wanted the full fascistization of the country and which was mos active during the period in trying to achieve it through the so-called 'syndicalist revolution'. This should not come as a surprise; Falange did not need the fascistization process, since it was already fully fascist from the beginning. Further, relations between Falange and Italy had become increasingly stronger since the Spanish Civil War, to the extent that Mussolini saw the Spanish party at the main vehicle capable of transforming Spain into a fully fascist country. Similarly, FET-jons also regarded Mussolini's Italy as its main point of reference and even asked the authorities in Rome for advice about carrying out the fascistization process of the Francoist regime as effectively as possible."; Thomàs 2020,第38–39頁: "Al referirnos a fascismo español lo hacemos a dos organizaciones diferentes. En primer lugar al partido fascista Falange Española de las JONS, que existió entre 1934 y el 19 de abril de 1937; y en segundo, al partido único del régimen franquista, Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las JONS, creado el último día citado y subsistente durante toda la vigencia del Franquismo -ni más ni menos que hasta abril de 1977, aunque en 1958 trocó su denominación por la de Movimiento Nacional. Existieron así dos organizaciones fascistas diferentes, aunque la segunda nació en parte de la primera y la integró."
  3. ^ Rossolinski, Grzegorz. Stepan Bandera: The Life and Afterlife of a Ukrainian Nationalist. Columbia University Press. 2014: 33. 

參考書目编辑

  • Payne, Stanley G. The Franco Regime, 1936–1975. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press. 1987. ISBN 978-0-299-11074-1.