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按市域人口排列的世界城市列表

维基媒体列表条目
(重定向自全球城市人口排名

本条目列出了“市域”概念定义下的世界上人口最多的城市。市域city proper)是由法定或政治边界和定义的地方,是常以某种形式的地方政府为特征的行政上认可的城市。 [1][2][3]市域及其边界和人口的数据覆盖郊区[4]

联合国出版物《世界城镇化展望》(World Urbanization Prospects)将市域人口定义为“居住在城市行政边界内或由单一权力机构直接由城市管辖的人口。”(the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city or controlled directly from the city by a single authority)。该书还继续说到:“行政边界所定义的市域包括很大比例的在城市工作或学习的人口居住的郊区。”(city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives.)[4]该定义并准确地描述城市的城区或大都会区。 使用该行政的定义时,市区小于辖区的城市(广域市)会上榜。中国城市管理了远远超出传统的“市区”的区域,延伸到了郊区和鄉村地区。[5]

市域人口编辑

排名 城市 照片 人口 定义 总面积
(km²)
人口密度
(人/km²)
国家/地区
1 重慶   30,165,500[6] 直辖市 82,403[7] 366   中国
2 上海   24,183,300[8] 直辖市 6,340.5[9] 3,814   中国
3 北京   21,707,000[10] 直辖市 16,411[7] 1,267   中国
4 拉各斯   16,060,303[a] Metropolis 1,171.28[12] 13,712   奈及利亞
5 伊斯坦布尔   15,029,231[13] 都會市英语Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey 620.29[14] 24,231   土耳其
6 卡拉奇   14,910,352[15] [16] 3,780 3,944   巴基斯坦
7 广州   13,081,000[17] 副省级 7,434[18] 1,760   中国
8 深圳   12,528,300[19] 副省级 1,992[20] 6,889   中国
9 孟买   12,442,373[21] [22] 437.71[23] 28,426   印度
10 莫斯科   12,229,000[24] 联邦直辖市[25][26] 1,021.75[27] 11,969   俄羅斯
11 圣保罗   12,038,000[28] [29] 1,081.05 11,199   巴西
12 金沙萨   11,462,000[30][31] [32] 473.73[33] 24,195   刚果(金)
13 天津   11,249,000[34] 直辖市 11,920[35] 944   中国
14 拉合尔   11,126,000[36] 502.55[30] 22,139   巴基斯坦
15 德里   11,034,555[37] 461.83 23,893   印度
16 雅加达   10,624,000[38] 特別首都地域[39] 661.50 16,060   印尼
17 东莞   10,615,000[40] 2,460 4,315   中国
18 首尔   9,806,000[41] 605.25[42] 16,202   韩国
19 佛山   9,279,000[43][44] 3,797[45] 2,444   中国
20 东京   9,273,000[46] 大都會 626.99[46] 14,790   日本
21 成都   9,012,000[47] 副省级 14,312[17] 630   中国
22 利马   8,894,000[48] [49] 2,672 3,329   秘魯
23 墨西哥城   8,875,000[50] 607.22[51] 14,616   墨西哥
24 伦敦   8,825,001[52] 大都會[53] 1,572 5,614   英國
25 德黑兰   8,694,000[54] 大都會[55] 574.13[56] 15,143   伊朗
26 纽约   8,622,698[57] [58] 786.30 10,966   美國
27 班加罗尔   8,443,675[59] Metropolis 709 11,909   印度
28 沈阳   8,106,171[60] 副省级 12,980 625   中国
29 达卡   8,063,000[61] 337.54[62] 23,888   孟加拉国
30 武汉   8,035,000[63] 副省级[64] 8,494[65] 946   中国
31 波哥大   7,963,000[66] [67] 428.26[68][69] 18,594   哥伦比亚
32 开罗   7,740,000[70] [71] 302.56[72] 25,582   埃及
33 宁波   7,605,689[73] 副省级 9,816.23 775   中国
34 胡志明市   7,431,000[74] 中央直辖市 453.60[74] 16,382   越南
35 香港   7,298,600[75] 特别行政区[76] 1,104.43[77] 6,608   香港
36 南京   7,260,000[78] 副省级 6,582 1,103   中国
37 河内   7,232,700[74] 中央直辖市 3,324.5[74] 2,176   越南
38 长沙   7,044,118[79] [80] 11,819 596   中国
39 杭州   7,035,000[81] 副省级 850.83[81] 8,268   中国
40 艾哈迈达巴德   7,021,000[82] 351.21 19,991   印度
41 海得拉巴   6,993,262[83] 651.75[84] 11,494   印度
42 巴格达   6,793,000[85] [86] 424.53[87] 16,001   伊拉克
43 金奈   6,727,000[88] 市法團[89] 426.51[90] 15,772   印度
44 利雅得   6,694,000[91] [92] 410.97[93] 16,288   沙烏地阿拉伯
45 里约热内卢   6,520,000[94] 751.44[95] 8,677   巴西
46 西安   6,220,000[96] 副省级[97] 10,135 614   中国
47 苏州   5,983,000[98] [99] 8,488[100] 705   中国
48 苏拉特   5,868,000[101] 210.20[102] 27,916   印度
49 曼谷   5,782,000[103] [104] 764.73 7,561   泰國
50 圣地亚哥   5,561,000[105] [106] 595.49 9,339   智利
51 新加坡   5,607,000[107] 602.75[107] 9,302   新加坡
52 汕头   5,391,028[108] 2,064.42 2,611   中国
53 圣彼得堡   5,351,000[109] 直辖市 463.11[27] 11,554   俄羅斯
54 哈尔滨   5,299,000[110][111] 副省级 614.31[112] 8,626   中国
55 达累斯萨拉姆   5,257,000[113] [114] 330.52[115] 15,905   坦桑尼亚
56 仰光   5,214,000[30] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[116] 598.75[117] 8,708   緬甸
57 约翰内斯堡   4,949,000[118] 432.84 11,434   南非
58 阿比让   4,765,000[30] Department/City District 2,119[119] 2,249   科特迪瓦
59 亚历山大港   4,616,625[120] Governorate 2,300[121][122] 2,007   埃及
60 加尔各答   4,496,694[123] 市法團 185 24,306   印度
61 安卡拉   4,470,800[124] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[125] 1,910.92[126][127] 2,340   土耳其
62 吉萨   4,239,988[128] Governorate[129] 289.08 14,667   埃及
63 郑州   4,122,087[130] [131] 1,015.66 4,059   中国
64 洛杉磯   3,997,189[132] Municipality City[133] 1,213.85 3,276   美國
65 新北市   4,007,814[134] 直轄市 2,052.57[135] 1,927   臺灣
66 开普敦   3,740,026[118] Municipality City 2,444.97 1,530   南非
67 横滨   3,726,167[46] 437.49 8,517   日本
68 柏林   3,671,000[136] 城市邦 891.75 4,117   德國
69 釜山   3,590,000[137] 廣域市 347.49[137] 10,331   韩国
70 厦门   3,531,347[138] 副省级 1,699 2,078   中国
71 吉达   3,456,259[139] Municipality City 1,765[140] 1,958   沙烏地阿拉伯
72 德班   3,442,361[118] Municipality City 2,291.31 1,502   南非
73 喀布尔   3,414,100[141] Municipality City 275 12,415   阿富汗
74 卡萨布兰卡   3,359,818[142] Prefecture 230 14,608   摩洛哥
75 合肥   3,352,076[143] [144] 838.52 3,998   中国
76 平壤   3,255,388[145] 直辖市 2,113[146] 1,541   朝鲜
77 马德里   3,207,247[147] Municipality City 605.77 5,294   西班牙
78 费萨拉巴德   3,203,846[148] City District 214 14,971   巴基斯坦
79 艾古莱尼   3,178,470[118] Municipality City 1,975.31 1,609   南非
80 内罗毕   3,138,369[149] Capital District 694.9 4,829   肯尼亚
81 中山   3,121,275[150] 1,783.67 1,750   中国
82 普纳   3,115,431[82] 市法團 450.69 6,913   印度
83 亚的斯亚贝巴   3,103,673[151] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[152] 526.99 5,889   衣索比亞
84 齋浦爾   3,073,350[82] 市法團 485 6,337   印度
85 布宜诺斯艾利斯   3,054,300[153] 自治市(Ciudad Autónoma 203 15,046   阿根廷
86 温州   3,039,439[154] [155] 1,187.88 2,559   中国
87 仁川   3,002,645[156] 廣域市 328.55 9,139   韩国

参见编辑

编辑

  1. ^ Metropolitan Lagos consists 16 out of Lagos State's 20 LGA, which excludes: Badagry, Epe, Ibeju-Lekki and Ikorodu.[11]

参考资料编辑

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  87. ^ There are many disputes about Baghdad city (urban) area. The city of Baghdad has the special status of provincial. The demographic information reported to the city proper are non-existent or are the estimates, projections inconclusive. The Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad is a city "federal district – province". Is similar to the case of Cairo Governorate.
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  96. ^ 西安市2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报. www.xatj.gov.cn. [2016-05-12]. (原始内容存档于4 June 2016).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  97. ^ The sub-provincial city of Xi'an has direct jurisdiction over 9 districts (区 qu) and 4 counties (县 xian). The city proper based on the districts of Xīnchéng, Bēilín and Liánhú considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Bàqiáo, Wèiyāng and Yàntǎ.
  98. ^ Suzhou (Statistics 2013) (PDF). Sztjj.gov.cn. [20 April 2014]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于19 April 2014). 
  99. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Gūsū, Wúzhōng, Sūzhōu Gōngyèyuán (Industrial Park), Xiàngchéng and Sūzhōu Gāo Xīnjìshù Chǎnyè Kāifāqū (New District)
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  102. ^ Demographics: Surat Municipal Corporation 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期4 April 2009.
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  104. ^ Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes wrongly called amphoe อำเภอ as in the other provinces, derived from Pali khetta, cognate to Sanskrit kṣetra), which are further subdivided into 169 khwaeng แขวง, roughly equivalent to tambon ตำบล in the other provinces.
  105. ^ Chile – Santiago (Census 2012). [1 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于2 March 2014). 
  106. ^ The province of Santiago is divided into thirty-two districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Santiago. But the district of Lo Barnechea is rural (mountains) and is not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Santiago is generally considered to be formed by thirty-one districts (Province of Santiago), the district of Puente Alto (Province of Cordillera), and the district of San Bernardo (Province of Maipo).
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  108. ^ 现将汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查分区县常住人口[2]数据公布如下:. 汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查 主要数据公报[1]. [30 January 2014]. (原始内容存档于24 April 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
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  111. ^ All city proper districts except Sōngběi; namely Dàolǐ, Nángǎng, Dàowài, Píngfáng, Xiāngfang; see Harbin#Administrative divisions
  112. ^ 中国年鉴信息网--中国规模最大、实力最强的研究报告提供商!. Harbin Yearbook. China Yearbook. [3 February 2014]. 
  113. ^ Pinda, Mizengo Peter. Welcome to the 2012 Tanzania Population and Housing Census WebPage.. Census General Report (pdf); available by clicking “Population Distribution by Administrative Units”. National Bureau of Statistics of Tanzania. [28 December 2013]. (原始内容存档于5 January 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
  114. ^ Dar es Salaam is divided into five districts, governed as municipal councils, and so all of the city's suburbs or wards are affiliated with them.
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  116. ^ Yangon is administered by the Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC). The city proper is divided into four districts: Western District, Eastern District, Southern District and Northern District. The districts combined have a total of 33 townships.
  117. ^ Third Regional EST Forum, Presentation of Myanmar. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
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  119. ^ Presentation. District Autonome D'Abidjan. [17 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于21 March 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
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  121. ^ Egypt: Administrative Units. GeoHive. [4 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于16 January 2012). 
  122. ^ The city of Alexandria has an area of approximately 400 square kilometres. Egyptian officials provides information at governorate level. In the case of "city proper" provides information at intervals of many years. It is impossible to assess the population (official) reported in the city proper area.
  123. ^ Kolkata (West Bengal, India) - Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts - City Population. Citypopulation.de. [19 July 2016]. 
  124. ^ Turkey: Ankara City. citypopulation.de. [25 October 2015]. 
  125. ^ The province of Ankara is divided into twenty five districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Ankara. The city proper (urban area) of Ankara is generally considered to be formed by eight districts (Sincan, Yenimahalle, Etimesgut, Keçiören, Pursaklar, Altındağ, Mamak, Çankaya). Here, Gölbaşı district is excluded, because it is rural.
  126. ^ Yenimahalle district, whose area is not given by citypopulation.de, covers 274 km2
  127. ^ Districts of Turkey. statoids. [25 October 2015]. 
  128. ^ EGYPT: Greater Cairo (2006). citypopulation.de. [20 February 2014]. 
  129. ^ All districts that are listed as being in Greater Cairo and are contiguous; namely Ad-Duqī, Al-Ahrām; Al-'Ajūzah; Al-Badrashayn; Al-Ḥawāmidiyah; Al-Jīzah; Al-Jīzah; Al-'Umrāniyah; Al-Warrāq; Awsīm; Būlāq al-Dakrūr; Imbābah; Kirdāsah.
  130. ^ [[Zhengzhou#Administration and demography|副省级)]] (Census 2010)
  131. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Zhōngyuán, Èrqī, Guǎnchéng Huízú, Jīnshuǐ and Huìjì
  132. ^ Census Estimates (2016). United States Census Bureau. [25 May 2017]. 
  133. ^ Los Angeles City is divided into over 80 districts and neighborhoods.
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  135. ^ New Taipei City. New Taipei City Government. [18 October 2011]. (原始内容存档于9 July 2012).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
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  139. ^ Saudi Census-2010. Central Departament of Statistics Saudi Government. [4 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于1 December 2013). 
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  142. ^ Morocco: Grand Casablanca - Settat. citypopulation.de. [2018-07-03]. (as of 2014-09-01). 
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  144. ^ The prefecture-level city of Hefei administers 9 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 1 County-city and 4 counties. The city proper based on the districts of Luyang, Yaohai, Shushan and Baohe considered "core districts".
  145. ^ United Nations Statistics Division; Preliminary results of the 2008 Census of Population of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea conducted on 1–15 October 2008 (pdf-file) 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期25 March 2009. Retrieved on 1 March 2009.
  146. ^ PYONGYANG 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期17 July 2014.
  147. ^ Municipal Register: Last data published: Population at 1st January (2013). Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE – Spain). [3 March 2014]. 
  148. ^ Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Population of Major Cities - Census 2017 (PDF). (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2017-08-29). 
  149. ^ Kenya (Census 2009). Geohive. [3 March 2014]. (原始内容存档于3 March 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)
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  151. ^ Population Size of Towns by Sex, Region, Zone and Wereda: July 2013 (PDF). Central Statistical Agency – CSA. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2015-09-23). 
  152. ^ based on the districts of Akaki Kaliti-Sub City, Nefas Silk-Lafto-Sub City, Kolfe Keraniyo-Sub City, Gulele-Sub City, Lideta-Sub City, Kirkos-Sub City, Arada-Sub City, Addis Ketema-Sub City, Yeka-Sub City, Bole-Sub City considered "districts". [2014-01-29]. (原始内容存档于2014-02-14). 
  153. ^ Argentina: Provinces and Agglomerations. citypopulation.de. [20 October 2015]. 
  154. ^ 1103-浙江省温州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报: 温州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Baidu. [3 March 2014]. 
  155. ^ Based on the following districts: Lucheng, Longwan, Ouhai; see Administration
  156. ^ 연령별 인구현황 [Population by Age]. egov.go.kr. (原始内容存档于29 November 2014).  已忽略未知参数|df= (帮助)

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