動物總界

生物的演化支
(重定向自动物总界
动物总界
Elephant-ear-sponge.jpg
前方为象耳海绵Agelas clathrodes),后方则是两种珊瑚:黑海扇Iciligorgia schrammi)及巨裂孔柳珊瑚Plexaurella nutans).
科学分类 编辑
总域: 新壁總域 Neomura
域: 真核域 Eukaryota
演化支 單鞭毛生物 Unikonta
演化支 後鞭毛生物 Opisthokonta
总界: 动物总界 Holozoa
Lang et al., 2002
演化支

动物总界(学名:Holozoa)是后鞭毛生物的一个演化支,包括了动物和其它与动物界近缘、但与真菌界远缘的单细胞亲属在内。[1][2][3][4]另外,Holozoa也是长带海鞘属Distaplia)的旧学名。[5]

种系发生编辑

基于2011年多基因分析,后鞭毛生物各演化支的关系如下图所示[6][7][8],真菌总界的分类则基于Tedersoo等人的研究。[9]

後鞭毛生物
真菌總界
核形蟲綱

泉生蟲目英语Fonticulida

核形蟲目  

後孢菌英语Opisthosporidia

BCG2

真菌界  

滑壺菌門英语Aphelida

BCG1

隱真菌門/

羅茲菌英语Rozella  

Namako-37

微孢子蟲 

動物總界

中黏菌門英语Ichthyosporea  

多形壺菌英语Pluriformea

Syssomonas

珊瑚壺菌英语Corallochytrium  

蜷絲動物

蜷絲球蟲綱英语Filasterea  

領鞭毛動物

領鞭毛蟲  

動物界  

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Do we need many genes for phylogenetic inference?. Biochemistry Mosc. December 2007, 72 (12): 1313–23. PMID 18205615. doi:10.1134/S000629790712005X. 
  2. ^ The closest unicellular relatives of animals. Curr. Biol. October 2002, 12 (20): 1773–8. PMID 12401173. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(02)01187-9. 
  3. ^ Shalchian-Tabrizi, Kamran; Minge, Marianne A.; Espelund, Mari; Orr, Russell; Ruden, Torgeir; Jakobsen, Kjetill S.; Cavalier-Smith, Thomas; Aramayo, Rodolfo. Multigene phylogeny of choanozoa and the origin of animals. PLoS ONE. 7 May 2008, 3 (5): e2098. PMC 2346548. PMID 18461162. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002098. 
  4. ^ The RJL family of small GTPases is an ancient eukaryotic invention probably functionally associated with the flagellar apparatus. Gene. August 2009, 442 (1–2): 63–72. PMID 19393304. doi:10.1016/j.gene.2009.04.011. 
  5. ^ Tatiàn, Marcos; Antacli, Julieta Maria; Sahade, Ricardo. Ascidians (Tunicata, Ascidiacea): species distribution along the Scotia Arc. Scientia Marina. 2005, 69 (suppl. 2): 205–214. doi:10.3989/scimar.2005.69s2205. 
  6. ^ Parfrey, Laura Wegener; Lahr, Daniel J. G.; Knoll, Andrew H.; Katz, Laura A. Estimating the timing of early eukaryotic diversification with multigene molecular clocks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 16 August 2011, 108 (33): 13624–13629. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 3158185. PMID 21810989. doi:10.1073/pnas.1110633108. 
  7. ^ Torruella, Guifré; de Mendoza, Alex; Grau-Bové, Xavier; Antó, Meritxell; Chaplin, Mark A.; del Campo, Javier; Eme, Laura; Pérez-Cordón, Gregorio; Whipps, Christopher M. Phylogenomics Reveals Convergent Evolution of Lifestyles in Close Relatives of Animals and Fungi. Current Biology. 21 September 2015, 25 (18): 2404–2410. ISSN 0960-9822. PMID 26365255. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2015.07.053 (英语). 
  8. ^ Hehenberger, Elisabeth; Tikhonenkov, Denis V.; Kolisko, Martin; Campo, Javier del; Esaulov, Anton S.; Mylnikov, Alexander P.; Keeling, Patrick J. Novel Predators Reshape Holozoan Phylogeny and Reveal the Presence of a Two-Component Signaling System in the Ancestor of Animals. Current Biology. 2017, 27 (13): 2043–2050.e6. PMID 28648822. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2017.06.006. 
  9. ^ Tedersoo, Leho; Sánchez-Ramírez, Santiago; Kõljalg, Urmas; Bahram, Mohammad; Döring, Markus; Schigel, Dmitry; May, Tom; Ryberg, Martin; Abarenkov, Kessy. High-level classification of the Fungi and a tool for evolutionary ecological analyses. Fungal Diversity. 2018, 90 (1): 135–159. ISSN 1560-2745. doi:10.1007/s13225-018-0401-0 (英语).