努里斯坦人

努里斯坦人,是分布於阿富汗努爾斯坦省印歐語系居民,人口125,000-300,000人,主要使用的语言为努利斯坦语言。在19世紀90年代中期,杜蘭線確立後,阿布杜爾·拉赫曼汗對該國東北部當時仍保持異教信仰的卡非爾斯坦實施軍事行動,使當地居民信仰伊斯蘭教,並改名為努爾斯坦省,即“光明之地”的意思。在改宗伊斯蘭教前,他們信奉伊朗-印度的吠陀宗教,非穆斯林宗教習俗在今天仍有一定保留。努里斯坦人主要是農民,牧民和奶農。在阿富汗,由於多年戰爭,努爾斯坦一直是主要戰場已導致許多努里斯坦人死亡,加上其他阿富汗民族進入該地生活,使他們與其他阿富汗人區別已減少。

努里斯坦人
Girl in a Kabul orphanage, 01-07-2002.jpg
阿富汗喀布尔一家孤儿院中的努里斯坦女孩(2002年1月摄)
總人口
125,000–300,000[1][2]
分佈地區
阿富汗努里斯坦库纳尔省
巴基斯坦奇特拉尔
語言
努里斯坦语,
普什图语作为通用语,是努里斯坦人的第二语言
宗教信仰
伊斯兰教
逊尼派(大部分)及什叶派
印度教(少数)
相关族群
卡拉什人Pashayis

註釋编辑

  1. ^ Afghanistan - Nuristani. countrystudies.us. [2021-08-31]. (原始内容存档于2011-10-07). 
  2. ^ Afghanistan population statistics. GeoHive. [4 June 2016]. (原始内容存档于2014-08-06). 

參考文獻编辑

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外部連結编辑

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