印度国民军

武装力量

印度国民军(Indian National Army,另譯印度國軍)为自由印度临时政府于1942年8月建立的军事组织,指挥官为钱德拉·鲍斯。这支军队开始时主要由日軍俘获的英屬印度軍隊战俘组成,后来也有许多日本控制的马来亚缅甸的印度人自愿加入该组织。该组织的目标是要从英国手中解放印度,所以在“二战日军占领缅甸期间,曾协助日军在英帕尔战役Battle of Imphal)中对不列颠印度军队的作战,也有一些人參加了德国黨衛軍外國志願軍。

印度國民軍

存在時期1942八月 – 1945九月
國家或地區1931 Flag of India.svg 自由印度臨時政府
功能游擊, 步兵, 特種任務
規模約43,000
格言Ittehad, Itmad aur Qurbani
(烏爾都語的團結、信念、犧牲)
進行曲前進!前進!勇往直前!印地語क़दम क़दम बढ़ाए जा
參與戰役第二次世界大戰
指挥官
象徵性指揮官錢德拉·鮑斯
標識
旗帜Flag of the Indian Legion.svg

後續编辑

錢德拉·鮑斯的軍队以戰俘为主,其中也有女性组成特遣隊,該特遣隊以詹西王后為名,1945年大戰末期英國人從印度國民軍當中拔擢三位軍官,他們分別是印度教徒、穆斯林和錫克教徒,希望藉此壓制廣泛示威行動所引發的不满。[1]

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ Barbara D. Metcalf(芭芭拉麥卡夫)、Thomas R. Metcalf(湯瑪斯麥卡夫). A Concise History of India(劍橋印度簡史). 臺灣新北市: 左岸文化. 2005年7月: 256-257. ISBN 986-7854-95-0 (中文). 

參考文獻编辑

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延伸閱讀编辑

  • The Springing Tiger: A Study of a Revolutionary by Hugh Toye (1959).
  • History of the Indian National Army by Kalyan Kumar Ghosh (1966).
  • Jungle Alliance, Japan and the Indian National Army by Joyce C. Lebra (1971).
  • Brothers Against the Raj — A Biography of Indian Nationalists Sarat and Subhas Chandra Bose by Leonard A. Gordon (1990), Princeton University Press, 1990.
  • The Forgotten Army: India's Armed Struggle for Independence, 1942–1945 by Peter Fay (1995).
  • Women Against the Raj: The Rani of Jhansi Regiment by Joyce C Lebra (2008).

外部連接编辑

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