# 古德温 - 斯塔顿积分

Goodwin-Staton Integral Maple 2D plot
Goodwin-Station integral Maple complex 3D plot

${\displaystyle G(z)=\int _{0}^{\infty }\!{\frac {{\rm {e}}^{-{t}^{2}}}{t+z}}{dt}}$

## 对称关系

${\displaystyle G(-z)=G(z)}$

## 与其他函数的关系

Meijer G-函数
• ${\displaystyle G(z)={\frac {1}{2}}\,{\frac {G_{2,3}^{3,2}\left({z}^{2}\,{\Big \vert }\,_{1/2,0,0}^{0,1/2}\right)}{\pi }}}$  MeijerG 函数

• ${\displaystyle G\left(z\right)={{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}+{\it {Ei}}\left(1,-{z}^{2}\right){{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}+{{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}{{\rm {erf}}\left(iz\right)}}$

• ${\displaystyle G\left(z\right)={{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}+{{\rm {U}}\left(1,\,1,\,-{z}^{2}\right)}{{\rm {e}}^{{z}^{2}}}{{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}+{\frac {2\,i{{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}z{{\rm {M}}\left(1/2,\,3/2,\,{z}^{2}\right)}}{\sqrt {\pi }}}}$
• ${\displaystyle G\left(z\right)={{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}+{\it {Ei}}\left(1,-{z}^{2}\right){{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}+{\frac {2\,i{{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}z{\it {HeunB}}\left(1,0,1,0,{\sqrt {{z}^{2}}}\right)}{\sqrt {\pi }}}}$
• ${\displaystyle G\left(z\right)={{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}+{\it {Ei}}\left(1,-{z}^{2}\right){{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}+{\frac {z{{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}\left(-i{\it {erfc}}\left({\sqrt {-{z}^{2}}}\right)+i\right)}{\sqrt {-{z}^{2}}}}}$

• ${\displaystyle G\left(z\right)={{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}+{\it {Ei}}\left(1,-{z}^{2}\right){{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}+i{{\rm {e}}^{-{z}^{2}}}{\sqrt {\pi }}z{\it {LaguerreL}}\left(-1/2,1/2,{z}^{2}\right)}$

## 级数展开

• ${\displaystyle G(z)=10\,{z}^{-1}-50\,{z}^{-2}-{\frac {1000}{3}}\,{\frac {{z}^{2}-1}{{z}^{3}}}+2500\,{\frac {{z}^{2}-1}{{z}^{4}}}+10000\,{\frac {2-2\,{z}^{2}+{z}^{4}}{{z}^{5}}}-{\frac {250000}{3}}\,{\frac {2-2\,{z}^{2}+{z}^{4}}{{z}^{6}}}-{\frac {5000000}{21}}\,{\frac {-6+6\,{z}^{2}-3\,{z}^{4}+{z}^{6}}{{z}^{7}}}+{\frac {6250000}{3}}\,{\frac {-6+6\,{z}^{2}-3\,{z}^{4}+{z}^{6}}{{z}^{8}}}+{\frac {125000000}{27}}\,{\frac {24-24\,{z}^{2}+12\,{z}^{4}-4\,{z}^{6}+{z}^{8}}{{z}^{9}}}-{\frac {125000000}{3}}\,{\frac {24-24\,{z}^{2}+12\,{z}^{4}-4\,{z}^{6}+{z}^{8}}{{z}^{10}}}}$
• ${\displaystyle G(z)=(1-\gamma -\ln \left({z}^{2}\right)-i{\it {csgn}}\left(i{z}^{2}\right)\pi +{\frac {2\,i}{\sqrt {\pi }}}z+\left(-2+\gamma +\ln \left({z}^{2}\right)+i{\it {csgn}}\left(i{z}^{2}\right)\pi \right){z}^{2}+{\frac {-4/3\,i}{\sqrt {\pi }}}{z}^{3}+\left({\frac {5}{4}}-1/2\,\gamma -1/2\,\ln \left({z}^{2}\right)-1/2\,i{\it {csgn}}\left(i{z}^{2}\right)\pi \right){z}^{4}+O\left({z}^{5}\right))}$

## 参考文献

1. ^ Frank Oliver, NIST Handbook of Mathematical Functions, p160,Cambridge University Press 2010（英文）