壯傣語支

语言
(重定向自台语支

壯傣語支(又称傣語支台語支壮傣语支泰語支壮台语支)是壯侗語系侗台語族中的一个語支,即汉藏语系传统分类中壮侗语族壮傣语支的语言。包括壮语布依语傣语(在中國境內)、泰语老挝语掸语岱依语侬语坎底语阿豪姆语(均不在中國境內)等。说台語的民族统称台語民族

壮傣语支
地理分佈南中國廣西貴州雲南廣東)、東南亞
谱系学分类壯侗語系
  • 臨高-壯語群
    • 壮傣语支
分支
邕南壯語大部與北方壯語布依語
其餘南方壯語與傣泰語言
语言代码
ISO 639-2 / 5tai

譜系编辑

以下分類是泰國人張高峰(泰语:พิทยาวัฒน์ พิทยาภรณ์轉寫Bidayaːwȃḍhan̶a̶ Bidayaːbharaṇ̶a̶派汶拼音Pít-tá-yaa-wát Pít-tá-yaa-pɔɔn)在其2009年博士論文中基於比較語言學共同創新給出的分類,排除考慮區域特徵影響,不代表各個口語的實際相似度。張高峰將李方桂壯傣語中支以及邕南壯語左江壯語區分開來,並通過計算認為其爲多系群但並不是說中部台語支或壯語南部方言、邕南壯語左江壯語等概念沒有語言學意義。[來源請求]邕北壯語壯語北部方言或壯傣語北支在除去過度方言武鳴壯語(卽標準壯語)後仍爲單系群。[1]

壯傣語
(張高峰
田野調查)
A(核心中支西南支
E
G
K
O
Q

西南支(如泰語老撾語等)

R

沙壩岱依語

P

保安县高平省岱依語文麻(岱)壯語

L

德靖(佒、儂)壯語猛康县西支儂語文山市砚山縣硯廣壯語(上方儂、锦侬)

H

天等龙茗大新左江壯語

F

龍州與大新雷平左江壯語

B

寧明左江壯語

C

崇左市上思縣邕南壯語高欄語

D(北支
I

钦州市邕南壯語

J
M

武鳴邕北壯語(標準壯語), 主流邕南壯語隆安县扶绥县邕南壯語

N

核心北支: 主流邕北壯語右江壯語壯語北部方言布依語石語

艾杰瑞(英語:Jerold Alan Edmondson)2013年的譜系中則給出了更貼近方言學的比較語言學結果,寧明左江壯語被重新歸入中支中的壯語南部方言主體。

壯傣語 

北支布依語、中南半島北支方言島(Yay, Po-Ai)、壯語北部方言代表點:武鳴邕北壯語(標準壯語)、马山邱北壮语[來源請求]

西南支:阿薩姆傣語、撣語傣那語傣奈语黑傣語白傣語巴地语老撾語泰語

中支

壯語南部方言主體:Nung Chau, 憑祥壯語, 雷平寧明左江壯語

岱依語支:Tay Bao Lac, Tay Khanh Trung, 高欄語

儂語:Western Nung, Nung Yang, Nung An, Thu Lao

原始台語和語音演變编辑

參見侗台語族#原始侗台語侗台語族#語音演變

方言分類编辑

自李方桂先生起的研究完善了壯傣語支的傳統分類模式,很多早期的分類在一定程度上受方言學影響,不一定嚴格符合當代比較語言學識別出的共同創新,但能較好地反應方言間的差異程度。以下是臨高-壯傣語群的的完整列表,另請參見壯語條目和傣語條目來獲得更細緻的方言學分類。

死语

舉例编辑

詞彙 泰语 老挝语 蘭納语 伊善语 掸语 傣仂语 壮语
/lom/ /lóm/ /lom/ /lom/ /lom4/ /lom/ /lɔm2/
/mɯaŋ/ /mɯaŋ/ /mɯaŋ/ /mɯaŋ/ /mɤŋ4/ /mœŋ/ /mɯ:ŋ2/
/din/ /din/ /din/ /din/ /lǐn1/ /din/ /ʔdin1-2/
/fai/ /fái/ /fai/ /fai/ /pʰaj4/ or /fai4/ /fai/ /fɐj2/
心脏 /hŭa tɕai/ /hǔa cài/ /hua tɕai/ /hua tɕai/ /ho1 tsaɯ1/ /hua tɕai/ /tsɐɯ1/
/rák/ /hāk/ /hag/ /hag/ /hak5/ /hag/ /ʔdi:p6/
/náːm/ /nȃm/ /nam/ /nam/ /nam5/ /nam/ /nɐm4/

參考文獻编辑

  • Ostapirat W (2000). "Proto-Kra." In Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 23(1).

延伸閱讀编辑

  • Brown, J. Marvin. From Ancient Thai to Modern Dialects. Bangkok: Social Science Association Press of Thailand, 1965.
  • Chamberlain, James R. A New Look at the Classification of the Tai Languages. [s.l: s.n, 1972.
  • Conference on Tai Phonetics and Phonology, Jimmy G. Harris, and Richard B. Noss. Tai Phonetics and Phonology. [Bangkok: Central Institute of English Language, Office of State Universities, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, 1972.
  • Diffloth, Gérard. An Appraisal of Benedict's Views on Austroasiatic and Austro-Thai Relations. Kyoto: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University, 1976.
  • Đoàn, Thiện Thuật. Tay-Nung Language in the North Vietnam. [Tokyo?]: Instttute [sic] for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, 1996.
  • Gedney, William J. On the Thai Evidence for Austro-Thai. [S.l: s.n, 1976.
  • Gedney, William J., and Robert J. Bickner. Selected Papers on Comparative Tai Studies. Michigan papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 29. Ann Arbor, Mich., USA: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1989. ISBN 0-89148-037-4
  • Gedney, William J., Carol J. Compton, and John F. Hartmann. Papers on Tai Languages, Linguistics, and Literatures: In Honor of William J. Gedney on His 77th Birthday. Monograph series on Southeast Asia. [De Kalb]: Northern Illinois University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, 1992. ISBN 1-877979-16-3
  • Gedney, William J., and Thomas J. Hudak. (1995). William J. Gedney's central Tai dialects: glossaries, texts, and translations. Michigan papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 43. Ann Arbor, Mich: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan ISBN 0-89148-075-7
  • Gedney, William J., and Thomas J. Hudak. William J. Gedney's the Yay Language: Glossary, Texts, and Translations. Michigan papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 38. Ann Arbor, Mich: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1991. ISBN 0-89148-066-8
  • Gedney, William J., and Thomas J. Hudak. William J. Gedney's Southwestern Tai Dialects: Glossaries, Texts and Translations. Michigan papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 42. [Ann Arbor, Mich.]: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1994. ISBN 0-89148-074-9
  • Hudak, Thomas John. William J. Gedney's The Tai Dialect of Lungming: Glossary, Texts, and Translations. Michigan papers on South and Southeast Asia, no. 39. [Ann Arbor]: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1991. ISBN 0-89148-067-6
  • Li, Fang-kuei. 1977. Handbook of Comparative Tai. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawai’i Press.
  • Li, Fang-kuei. The Tai Dialect of Lungchow; Texts, Translations, and Glossary. Shanghai: Commercial Press, 1940.
  • Østmoe, Arne. A Germanic-Tai Linguistic Puzzle. Sino-Platonic papers, no. 64. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Dept. of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, University of Pennsylvania, 1995.
  • Sathāban Sūn Phāsā Qangkrit. Bibliography of Tai Language Studies. [Bangkok]: Indigenous Languages of Thailand Research Project, Central Institute of English Language, Office of State Universities, 1977.
  • Shorto, H. L. Bibliographies of Mon–Khmer and Tai Linguistics. London oriental bibliographies, v. 2. London: Oxford University Press, 1963.
  • Tingsabadh, Kalaya and Arthur S. Abramson. Essays in Tai Linguistics. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press, 2001. ISBN 974-347-222-3

外部連結编辑

  1. ^ Pittayaporn, Pittayawat. 2009. The Phonology of Proto-Tai. PhD dissertation. Department of Linguistics, Cornell University.