史蒂夫·比科

斯蒂芬·班图·比科科薩語Stephen Bantu Biko,1946年12月18日-1977年9月12日[1]),是南非种族隔离运动家,活跃于1960年代至1970年代初。

史蒂夫·比科
Steve Biko Portrait saho.jpg
原文名Steve Biko
出生(1946-12-18)1946年12月18日
 南非開普省威廉王城
逝世1977年9月12日(1977歲-09歲-12)(30歲)
 南非德蘭士瓦省比勒陀利亚
职业種族隔離运动家
配偶恩齐基·马沙拉巴(1970年結婚;1977年夫逝)

生平编辑

比科在南非创立了黑人觉醒运动英语Black Consciousness Movement,动员了大部分居住在城市的黑人。自从比科被警察拘留期间逝世后,他被称为反种族隔离运动英语Internal resistance to apartheid的烈士[2]。他在世的时候,以写作、社会运动等方式尝试使黑人觉醒。比科有一句著名的口号——“黑人是美丽的”,他解释为:“朋友,你很不错,开始抬头看看你这个人。[3]”从1970年代至1990年代中期,非洲人国民大会对他以及黑人觉醒运动十分敌视,但现在则视比科为抗争英雄。

參考文獻编辑

引用
  1. ^ sahistory.org.za «Stephen Biko», 页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 South Africa History.
  2. ^ 背景:史蒂夫·比科:反种族隔离制度运动的烈士. BBC新闻. 1997年12月8日 [2007-04-16]. (原始内容存档于2007-05-30). 
  3. ^ 史蒂夫·比科. 《I Write What I Like》. Harper & Row. 1986年: 103–104. 
來源
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