哈乃斐派

哈乃斐派حَنَفِي‎,罗马字:Ḥanafī)是伊斯兰教法学的一大派别,属于逊尼派[1]艾布·哈尼法所成立,最初流行于伊拉克库法一带。

阿拔斯王朝的支持下,哈乃斐派在伊拉克蓬勃发展,并向东扩展,到了9世纪,逐渐在呼罗珊河中地区巩固了自身的地位,并得到了当地萨曼尼德帝国统治者的支持。[2] 突厥语的传播将该教派引入了印度次大陆安纳托利亚,并被采纳为奥斯曼帝国的主要教法学派。[3]

教法的權威來源之重要性由高至低排列為:古蘭經聖訓公議伊智提哈德類比伊斯提哈桑、最後是當地習俗英语Urf。在审慎时限制引用圣训[4],比较重视类比和公议而不拘泥于教法句条。中国穆斯林普遍遵循哈乃斐主张。

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Ramadan, Hisham M. Understanding Islamic Law: From Classical to Contemporary. Rowman Altamira. 2006: 24–29. ISBN 978-0-7591-0991-9. 
  2. ^ Hallaq, Wael. The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2010: 173–174. ISBN 9780521005807. 
  3. ^ Hallaq, Wael. An Introduction to Islamic Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2009: 37. ISBN 978-0521678735. 
  4. ^ 哈乃斐及其学派. 伊斯兰之光. 2008年8月20日 [2010年10月20日]. (原始内容存档于2020年11月16日) (中文(简体)). 

延伸閲讀编辑

  • Branon Wheeler, Applying the Canon in Islam: The Authorization and Maintenance of Interpretive Reasoning in Ḥanafī Scholarship页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆) (Albany, SUNY Press, 1996).
  • Nurit Tsafrir, The History of an Islamic School of Law: The Early Spread of Hanafism (Harvard, Harvard Law School, 2004) (Harvard Series in Islamic Law, 3).
  • Behnam Sadeghi (2013), The Logic of Law Making in Islam: Women and Prayer in the Legal Tradition, Cambridge University Press, Chapter 6, "The Historical Development of Hanafi Reasoning", ISBN 978-1107009097
  • Theory of Hanafi law: Kitab Al-Athar of Imam Abu Hanifah, Translator: Abdussamad, Editors: Mufti 'Abdur Rahman Ibn Yusuf, Shaykh Muhammad Akram (Oxford Centre of Islamic Studies), ISBN 978-0954738013
  • Hanafi theory of war and taxation: Majid Khadduri (1966), The Islamic Law of Nations: Shaybani's, Johns Hopkins University Press, ISBN 978-0801869754
  • Burak, Guy. The Second Formation of Islamic Law: The Ḥanafī School in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2015. ISBN 978-1-107-09027-9. 

参閲编辑

外部連結编辑

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