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南門增二α Cir/圓規座α)是一顆變星,位於黯淡的南天拱極星座——圓規座。它的視星等為3.19[2],是圓規座內最亮的恆星,在南半球用肉眼可以輕易地看到。從視差測量估算出此恆星離地球的距離為54.0光年(16.6秒差距[1]

南門增二
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Circinus constellation and its surroundings
Cercle rouge 100%.svg

南門增二的位置(紅圈處)
觀測資料
曆元 J2000.0
星座 圓規座
星官
赤經 14h 42m 30.41958s[1]
赤緯 −64° 58′ 30.4934″[1]
視星等(V) 3.19[2]
特性
光谱分类A7 Vp SrCrEu[3]
U−B 色指数+0.12[2]
B−V 色指数+0.24[2]
天体测定
徑向速度 (Rv)+7.2[4] km/s
自行 (μ) 赤经:−192.53[1] mas/yr
赤纬:−233.51[1] mas/yr
视差 (π)60.35 ± 0.14[1] mas
距离54 ± 0.1 ly
(16.57 ± 0.04 pc)
詳細資料
質量1.5–1.7[5] M
半徑1.967 ± 0.066[6] R
表面重力 (log g)4.1[5]
亮度10.51 ± 0.60[5] L
溫度7,500[5] K
金属量 [Fe/H]0.13[7] dex
自轉4.4790 ± 0.0001 days[8]
自轉速度 (v sin i)13.0 ± 1.5[8] km/s
年齡~12 million[9]
其他命名
17. G Circini, HD 128898, HIP 71908, HR 5463, SAO 252853.[10]
參考資料庫
SIMBADdata

此恆星屬於一種叫快速振盪Ap星的已知變星種類。它的振蕩有着多重週期和非徑向脈動,其顯性週期為6.8分鐘[8]。它的恆星光譜有着由外大氣層化學分層現象所引起的獨有特徵。從光譜可以看出它的大氣層缺乏碳、氮和氧,但是卻含有過於豐富的(Cr)[5]。它的恆星光譜型為A7 Vp SrCrEu[3],意思是它是一顆主序星(A型),且大氣層內含有較大量的(Sr)、鉻和銪(Eu)(與一顆像太陽那樣的典型行星相比)[11]

南門增二的質量約為太陽質量的150%至170%[5],而它的半徑則是太陽的兩倍[6],但是光度卻是太陽的10倍。其外部包層的有效溫度約7,000K,因此有着A型主序星典型的白色光芒[5][12]。它的自轉週期為4.5天,其極點向地球視線的傾斜約為37±4°[8]

基於南門增二的位置和在太空中移的軌跡,它是移動星群繪架座β移動星群的候選成員。這個星群的成員都共同擁有同一個起源,它們各自的年齡估計約為1千2百萬歲。天文學家估計南門增二在這個星群誕生的時候與集合體中心的距離約為91光年(28秒差距)[9]

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 van Leeuwen, F., Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction, Astronomy and Astrophysics, November 2007, 474 (2): 653–664, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, arXiv:0708.1752, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Johnson, H. L.; 等, UBVRIJKL photometry of the bright stars, Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, 1966, 4 (99): 99, Bibcode:1966CoLPL...4...99J 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Gray, R. O.; 等, Contributions to the Nearby Stars (NStars) Project: Spectroscopy of Stars Earlier than M0 within 40 parsecs: The Northern Sample I, The Astronomical Journal, July 2006, 132 (1): 161–170, Bibcode:2006AJ....132..161G, arXiv:astro-ph/0603770, doi:10.1086/504637 
  4. ^ Evans, D. S., Batten, Alan Henry; Heard, John Frederick, 编, The Revision of the General Catalogue of Radial Velocities, Determination of Radial Velocities and their Applications (University of Toronto: International Astronomical Union), June 20–24, 1966, 30: 57, Bibcode:1967IAUS...30...57E 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Kochukhov, O.; Shulyak, D.; Ryabchikova, T., A self-consistent empirical model atmosphere, abundance and stratification analysis of the benchmark roAp star α Circini, Astronomy and Astrophysics, June 2009, 499 (3): 851–863, Bibcode:2009A&A...499..851K, arXiv:0903.3512, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200911653 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Bruntt, H.; 等, The fundamental parameters of the roAp star α Circini, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, June 2008, 386 (4): 2039–2046, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.386.2039B, arXiv:0803.1518, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13167.x 
  7. ^ North, P.; Berthet, S.; Lanz, T., The nature of the F STR lambda 4077 stars. 3: Spectroscopy of the barium dwarfs and other CP stars, Astronomy and Astrophysics, January 1994, 281 (3): 775–796, Bibcode:1994A&A...281..775N 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Bruntt, H.; 等, Asteroseismic analysis of the roAp star α Circini: 84d of high-precision photometry from the WIRE satellite, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, June 2009, 396 (2): 1189–1201, Bibcode:2009MNRAS.396.1189B, arXiv:0903.3967, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.14804.x 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Nakajima, Tadashi; Morino, Jun-Ichi; Fukagawa, Misato, Potential Members of Stellar Kinematical Groups within 20 pc of the Sun, The Astronomical Journal, September 2010, 140 (3): 713–722, Bibcode:2010AJ....140..713N, doi:10.1088/0004-6256/140/3/713 
  10. ^ V* alf Cir -- Variable Star of alpha2 CVn type, SIMBAD (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg), [2012-01-04] 
  11. ^ Kaler, James B., ALPHA CIR (Alpha Circini), Stars (University of Illinois), [2012-01-04] 
  12. ^ The Colour of Stars, Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), December 21, 2004 [2012-01-16], (原始内容存档于2012-03-10)