埃克哈特大师

埃克哈特大师(Meister Eckhart),是一位德国神学家哲学家和神秘主义者,出生在神圣罗马帝国图林根州的Landgraviate。十多岁时便加入道明会并任高级职务。作为布道者他效力极高,其讲道方法给同时代人和后来者留下了极深刻的印象。对于德语哲学术语的创制也作出重大贡献。其关注的最主要问题是日常生活中持续精神实践的原理的传播。他非传统的,有时甚至是挑衅性的言论常常与当时的普遍信仰相抵触,故而引起了轰动。比如他认为,“灵魂的根基”不像所有的动物是被上帝所创造的,但是神圣的,非受造的。灵的的原因即神性,是瞬间表现的。[note 1]

艾克哈特·馮·Hochheim
出生約在1260年
神圣罗马帝国哥達附近
逝世1327或1328
可能在亞維農
别名"Meister Eckhart" (埃克哈特大师)
时代中世纪哲学
地区西方哲学

教皇约翰二十二世将他列为异端,他反驳了这些指控。据说他在正式判决之前死亡,虽然没有发现过他的埋葬地点,没有死亡记录。

延伸阅读编辑

  • Jeanne Ancelet-Hustache, Master Eckhart and the Rhineland Mystics, New York and London: Harper and Row/ Longmans, 1957.
  • Leonardo Vittorio Arena, The Shadows of the Masters, ebook, 2013.
  • James M. Clark, The Great German Mystics, New York: Russell and Russell, 1970 (reprint of Basil Blackwell edition, Oxford: 1949.)
  • James M. Clark, trans., Henry Suso: Little Book of Eternal Wisdom and Little Book of Truth, London: Faber, 1953.
  • Cesare Catà, Il Cardinale e l'Eretico. Nicola Cusano e il problema della eredità "eterodossa" di Meister Eckhart nel suo pensiero, in "Viator. Medieval and Renaissance Studies", UCLA University, Volume 41, No.2 (2010), pp. 269–291.
  • Oliver Davies, God Within: The Mystical Tradition of Northern Europe, London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1988.
  • Oliver Davies, Meister Eckhart: Mystical Theologian, London: SPCK, 1991.
  • Eckardus Theutonicus, homo doctus et sanctus, Fribourg: University of Fribourg, 1993.
  • Robert K. Forman, Meister Eckhart: Mystic as Theologian, Rockport, Massachusetts/Shaftesbury, Dorset: Element Books, 1991.
  • Gundolf Gieraths, O.P., '"Life in Abundance: Meister Eckhart and the German Dominican Mystics of the 14th Century", Spirituality Today Supplement, Autumn, 1986.
  • Joel F. Harrington, “Dangerous Mystic: Meister Eckhart’s Path to the God Within”, New York: Penguin Press, 2018.
  • Aldous Huxley, The Perennial Philosophy: An Interpretation of the Great Mystics, East and West, New York: HarperCollins, 1945.
  • Amy Hollywood, The Soul as Virgin Wife: Mechthild of Magdeburg, Marguerite Porete, and Meister Eckhart, Notre Dame and London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1996.
  • Rufus Jones, The Flowering of Mysticism in the Fourteenth Century, New York: Hafner Publishing Co., 1971 (facsimile of 1939 ed.).
  • Bernard McGinn, "Eckhart's Condemnation Reconsidered" in The Thomist, vol. 44, 1980.
  • Bernard McGinn, ed., Meister Eckhart and the Beguine Mystics Hadewijch of Brabant, Mechthild of Magdeburg, and Marguerite Porete, New York: Continuum, 1994.
  • Ben Morgan. On Becoming God: Late Medieval Mysticism and the Modern Western Self. New York: Fordham UP, 2013.
  • Arthur Schopenhauer, The World as Will and Representation, Vol. II, ISBN 0-486-21762-0
  • Cyprian Smith, The Way of Paradox: Spiritual Life as Taught by Meister Eckhart, New York: Paulist Press, 1988.
  • Frank Tobin, Meister Eckhart: Thought and Language, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986.
  • Denys Turner, The Darkness of God: Negativity in Christian Mysticism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
  • Winfried Trusen, Der Prozess gegen Meister Eckhart, Fribourg: University of Fribourg, 1988.
  • Andrew Weeks, German Mysticism from Hildegard of Bingen to Ludwig Wittgenstein: A Literary and Intellectual History, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.
  • Richard Woods, O.P., Eckhart's Way, Wilmington, Delaware: Glazier, 1986 (Collegeville, Minnesota: Liturgical Press, 1991).
  • Richard Woods, O.P., Meister Eckhart: The Gospel of Peace and Justice, Tape Cassette Program, Chicago: Center for Religion & Society, 1993.
  • Richard Woods, O.P., Meister Eckhart: Master of Mystics (London, Continuum, 2010).
  • Saeed Zarrabi-Zadeh, Practical Mysticism in Islam and Christianity: A Comparative Study of Jalal al-Din Rumi and Meister Eckhart, London and New York: Routledge, 2016.

備注编辑

  1. ^ Meister 是「大師」的德文,意指他在巴黎獲得的 學銜「神學碩士」