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大帐篷英语:Big tent)是一个政治术语,指政党政党联盟试图糅合不同的政治观点,同时采纳左派右派的某些主张和理念,从而吸引更多选民的一种现象。

目录

簡介编辑

在奉行大帐篷政策的政党或政党联盟内部,有持相异甚至完全相反的不同观点或意识形态的多个政治派别存在,但是这些派别可能在某一问题上具有共识,例如加拿大自由黨的政治共識是反對魁北克獨立

歷史编辑

美國编辑

美國,兩大政黨內部均有不同的政治意識形態存在,例如現今美國共和黨雖以保守派為主流,但黨內有不少是溫和中間派、經濟保守派、社會自由派等人士,而經濟自由派同時是社會自由派的共和黨人在美國東北部仍有一定的影響力。[1]同樣地,民主黨雖以進步派社會自由派為主,但溫和派和保守派在黨內仍有一定比例。

委內瑞拉编辑

委內瑞拉,各反對派政黨所奉行的意識形態迥异,如中間偏左的民主行動黨、中間偏右正義第一,但他们都反對执政党委內瑞拉統一社會主義黨,因此共同组建了政党联盟民主团结圆桌会议

義大利编辑

於2009年成立的五星運動黨由於高調反對緊縮政策,獲得不少年輕選民和反對緊縮的義大利人支持,在2013年義大利國會選舉中獲得大幅度的勝利,在得票率上成為眾議院第二大黨,超越憑選舉制度的名單比例代表制取得額外席次的義大利民主黨,但該黨拒絕與義大利國內任何政黨聯盟合作,包括回絕民主黨要求組建聯合政府的建議。

然而五星運動本身並不自認為是屬於左派右派屬性的政黨,但卻與多個他國右派民粹主義政黨結盟,並與主張退出歐盟英國獨立黨歐洲議會內結盟及組成黨團。

其他例子编辑

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ David C. King, "The Polarization of American Parties and Mistrust of Government" in Why People Don't Trust Government (eds. Joseph S. Nye, Philip Zelikow, David C. King: Harvard University Press, 1997).
  2. ^ Hroník, Jiří. Známe tajemství velkého úspěchu Andreje Babiše. Parlamentní listy. [19 February 2016]. 
  3. ^ Mlejnek, Josef. Marketing jako kingmaker aneb Kam směřují české politické strany?. Revue Politika. [19 February 2016]. 
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  5. ^ Daniel Gallas. Dilma Rousseff and Brazil face up to decisive month. BBC. [27 August 2017]. 
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  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Isabelle Hertner; James Sloam. The Europeanisation of the German Party System. (编) Erol Külahci. Europeanisation and Party Politics: How the EU affects Domestic Actors, Patterns and Systems. ECPR Press. 2014: 35. ISBN 978-1-907301-84-1. 
  8. ^ Maria Maguire. Ireland. (编) Peter Flora. Growth to Limits: Germany, United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy. Walter de Gruyter. 1986: 333. ISBN 978-3-11-011131-6. 
  9. ^ Eoin O'Malley. Contemporary Ireland. Palgrave Macmillan. 2011: 13. ISBN 978-0-230-34382-5. 
  10. ^ Ditrych, Ondrej. The Georgian succession (PDF). European Union Institute for Security Studies. July 2013: 4. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于22 February 2016). ...GD as a catch-all movement... 
  11. ^ Lowell Barrington. Comparative Politics: Structures and Choices. Cengage Learning. 2009: 379. ISBN 0-618-49319-0. 
  12. ^ Mohammadighalehtaki, Ariabarzan. Organisational Change in Political Parties in Iran after the Islamic Revolution of 1979. With Special Reference to the Islamic Republic Party (IRP) and the Islamic Iran Participation Front Party (Mosharekat) (Ph.D. thesis). 杜伦大学: 176. 2012. 
  13. ^ https://www.lesinrocks.com/2017/06/09/actualite/legislatives-le-parti-demmanuel-macron-un-caractere-attrape-tout-11954037/
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  17. ^ William Cross. Party Membership in Quebec. (编) Emilie van Haute; Anika Gauja. Party Members and Activists. Routledge. 2015: 50. ISBN 978-1-317-52432-8. 
  18. ^ David Torrance, "Scotland's Progressive Dilemma," The Political Quarterly, 88 (2017): 52–59. doi:10.1111/1467-923X.12319
  19. ^ Severin Carrell, "Alex Salmond's big tent bulges as Tommy Sheridan lends voteless support," The Guardian, 25 April 2011. https://www.theguardian.com/politics/blog/2011/apr/25/alex-salmond-tommy-sheridan-election
  20. ^ 20.0 20.1 Marco Lisi; André Freire. The selection of political party leaders in Portugal. (编) Jean-Benoit Pilet; William Cross. The Selection of Political Party Leaders in Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies: A Comparative Study. Routledge. 2014: 124. ISBN 978-1-317-92945-1. 
  21. ^ Tom Gallagher; Allan M. Williams. Southern European socialism in the 1990s. (编) Tom Gallagher; Allan M. Williams. Southern European Socialism: Parties, Elections, and the Challenge of Government. Manchester University Press. 1989: 271–. ISBN 978-0-7190-2500-6. . Page 271.
  22. ^ Günther Pallaver. South Tyrol's Consociational Democracy: Between Political Claim and Social Reality. (编) Jens Woelk; Francesco Palermo; Joseph Marko. Tolerance Through Law: Self Governance and Group Rights In South Tyrol. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. 2008: 305, 309. ISBN 978-90-04-16302-7. 
  23. ^ David Lublin. Minority Rules: Electoral Systems, Decentralization, and Ethnoregional Party Success. Oxford University Press. 2014: 229. ISBN 978-0-19-994884-0. 
  24. ^ Sventlana S. Bodrunova; Anna A. Litvinenko. New media and political protest: the formation of a public counter-sphere in Russia, 2008–2012. (编) Andrey Makarychev; Andre Mommen. Russia’s Changing Economic and Political Regimes: The Putin Years and Afterwards. Routledge. 2013: 35. ISBN 978-1-135-00695-2. 
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  26. ^ MORENA (National Regeneration Movement). 2018-01-21.