女性凝视

女性凝视/女性视角(英語:female gaze),在女性主义理论中,女性凝视指在视觉艺术[1]和在文学创作[2]中,从女异性恋者的角度描绘男性现实,将男性性客体化以取悦异性恋女性观众的行为[3]

在叙事电影的视觉和美学表现中,女性凝视拥有三个视角:

  1. 摄像机后的女性视角;
  2. 电影中女性角色的视角;
  3. 凝视图像的女性观众的视角[4][5]

女性凝视与男性凝视在概念上形成对比[6][7]

女性视角作品编辑

女频作品、女性向作品,是网络新詞,泛指以女性目標客群的作品。該概念常用於娛樂產業,尤其是小说電子遊戲漫畫ACG作品;例如在戀愛遊戲當中,設定角色與表現手法迎合少女喜好,通常也刻意強調美少年角色的英俊與優秀。

参见编辑

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Feminist Aesthetics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Winter 2012 [13 May 2015]. Assumes a standard point of view that is masculine and heterosexual. . . . The phrase 'male gaze' refers to the frequent framing of objects of visual art so that the viewer is situated in a masculine position of appreciation. 
  2. ^ That the male gaze applies to literature and to the visual arts: Łuczyńska-Hołdys, Małgorzata (2013). Soft-Shed Kisses: Re-visioning the Femme Fatale in English Poetry of the 19th Century, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, p. 15.
  3. ^ Eaton, E.W. Feminist Philosophy of Art. Philosophy Compass (Wiley-Blackwell). September 2008, 3 (5): 873–893. doi:10.1111/j.1747-9991.2008.00154.x. 
  4. ^ Devereaux, Mary. Oppressive Texts, Resisting Readers, and the Gendered Spectator: The "New" Aesthetics. Brand, Peggy Z.; Korsmeyer, Carolyn (编). Feminism and tradition in aesthetics. University Park, Pennsylvania: Penn State University Press. 1995: 126. ISBN 9780271043968. 
  5. ^ Walters, Suzanna Danuta. Visual Pressures: On Gender and Looking. Walters, Suzanna Danuta (编). Material Girls: Making Sense of Feminist Cultural Theory. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. 1995: 57. ISBN 9780520089778. 
  6. ^ Sassatelli, Roberta. Interview with Laura Mulvey: Gender, Gaze and Technology in Film Culture. Theory, Culture & Society. September 2011, 28 (5): 123–143. doi:10.1177/0263276411398278. 
  7. ^ Jacobsson, Eva-Maria. A Female Gaze? (PDF). Stockholm, Sweden: Royal Institute of Technology. 1999. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2011-10-04).