类字母符号

(重定向自字母式符号

类字母符号是一個位於基本多文種平面的Unicode區塊,包含了80個字符,其主要由一個或多個字母的字形构成。 除此之外,Unicode还有一个由字母构成的数学字母数字符号區塊,不過Unicode没有明确地将这些字符归类为“类字母符号”。[3]

类字母符号
Letterlike Symbols
範圍U+2100..U+214F
(80個碼位)
平面基本多文種平面BMP
文字希臘字母(1個)
拉丁字母(4個)
通用(75個)
符號系列数学
缩写
已分配80個碼位
未分配0個保留碼位
Unicode版本歷史
1.0.057 (+57)
3.059 (+2)
3.274 (+15)
4.075 (+1)
4.177 (+2)
5.079 (+2)
5.180 (+1)
相關區塊
羅馬符號
註釋[1][2]
官方碼表

字符表编辑

类字母符号[4]
字符 图像 名称 英文名 碼位
  百分比 Account Of 2100
  Addressed To The Subject 2101
  复数 Double-Struck Capital C 2102
  摄氏度 Degree Celsius 2103
  Centre line Symbol 2104
  Care Of 2105
  Cada Una 2106
  Euler constant 2107
  Scruple 2108
  华氏度 Degree Fahrenheit 2109
  G Script Small G 210a
  H Script Capital H 210b
  Black-Letter Capital H 210c
  Double-Struck Capital H 210d
  普朗克常量 Planck constant 210e
  2π普朗克常量 Planck Constant Over Two Pi 210f
  I Script Capital I 2110
  Black-Letter Capital I 2111
  L Script Capital L 2112
  Script Small L (LaTeX: \ell) 2113
  L B Bar Symbol 2114
  Double-Struck Capital N 2115
  编号 Numero sign 2116
  录音版权符号 Sound recording copyright symbol 2117
  p 函数 Script Capital P 2118
  P Double-Struck Capital P 2119
  有理数 Double-Struck Capital Q 211a
  R Script Capital R 211b
  R Black-Letter Capital R 211c
  實數 Double-Struck Capital R 211d
  药品处方 Prescription Take 211e
  Response 211f
  服務商標 Service mark 2120
  电话 Telephone Sign 2121
  注册商标 Trademark Sign 2122
  Versicle 2123
  Z Double-Struck Capital Z 2124
  盎司 Ounce Sign 2125
Ω   欧姆 Ohm Sign 2126
  顛倒欧姆 Inverted Ohm Sign 2127
  Z Black-Letter Capital Z 2128
  Iota Turned Greek Small Letter Iota 2129
K   开尔文 Kelvin Sign 212a
Å   埃格斯特朗 Ångström Sign 212b
  B Script Capital B 212c
  C Black-Letter Capital C 212d
  估計符號英语Estimated sign Estimated symbol 212e
  e Script Small E 212f
  E Script Capital E 2130
  F Script Capital F 2131
  F Turned Capital F 2132
  M Script Capital M 2133
  o Script Small O 2134
  Alef Alef Symbol 2135
  Bet Bet Symbol 2136
  Gimel Gimel Symbol 2137
  Dalet Dalet Symbol 2138
  信息来源 Information Source 2139
  Rotated Capital Q 213a
  传真符号 Fax Sign 213b
  Double-Struck Small Pi 213c
  Double-Struck Small Gamma 213d
  Double-Struck Capital Gamma 213e
  Double-Struck Capital Pi 213f
  Double–Struck N–Ary Summation 2140
  Turned Sans-Serif Capital G 2141
  Turned Sans-Serif Capital L 2142
  Reversed Sans-Serif Capital L 2143
  Turned Sans-Serif Capital Y 2144
  Double-Struck Italic Capital D 2145
  Double-Struck Italic Small D 2146
  Double-Struck Italic Small E 2147
  Double-Struck Italic Small I 2148
  Double-Struck Italic Small J 2149
  界址符號 Property line 214a
  & Turned Ampersand 214b
  Per Sign 214c
  丹麥股份公司英语Aktieselskab Aktieselskab 214d
  Turned Small F 214e
  Symbol for Samaritan Source 214f

變體序列编辑

字形變體编辑

本區塊為标准化變體定義了8個變體序列[5]。採用U+FE00 VARIATION SELECTOR-1(VS01)呈現教會體英语Chancery hand樣式的符號,採用U+FE01 VARIATION SELECTOR-2(VS02)呈現圆手写体樣式的符號(取決於字體):

基本 VS01 VS02
U+210B ℋ︀ ℋ︁
U+2110 ℐ︀ ℐ︁
U+2112 ℒ︀ ℒ︁
U+211B ℛ︀ ℛ︁
U+212C ℬ︀ ℬ︁
U+2130 ℰ︀ ℰ︁
U+2131 ℱ︀ ℱ︁
U+2133 ℳ︀ ℳ︁

其餘的字符見於数学字母数字符号區塊。

繪文字编辑

本區塊包含2個繪文字U+2122U+2139[6][7]

此區塊共定義了4個标准化變體,为2個基本字符指定顯示樣式:採用U+FE0E VARIATION SELECTOR-15(VS15)以文本顯示,或採用U+FE0F VARIATION SELECTOR-16(VS16)以繪文字顯示,基本字符默認以文本顯示。[8]

繪文字變體序列
U+ 2122 2139
基本碼位
基本+VS15(文本) ™︎ ℹ︎
基本+VS16(繪文字) ™️ ℹ️

區塊编辑

类字母符号
Letterlike Symbols[1]
Unicode Consortium 官方碼表(PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+210x
U+211x
U+212x
U+213x
U+214x
註釋
1.^ 依據 Unicode 14.0

歷史编辑

下列與Unicode相關的文檔記錄了在本區塊中定義特定字符的目的和过程:

版本 最終碼位[a] 碼位数 UTC ID L2英语International Committee for Information Technology Standards ID WG2英语ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 2 ID 文檔
1.0.0 U+2100..2138 57 (待考)
L2/98-419 (pdf, doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Aliprand, Joan, Script capital P, Approved Minutes -- UTC #78 & NCITS Subgroup L2 # 175 Joint Meeting, San Jose, CA -- December 1-4, 1998, 1999-02-05 
UTC/1999-017 Davis, Mark, Data cross-checks (for Agenda), 1999-06-02 
L2/99-176R Moore, Lisa, Data Cross-Checks, Minutes from the joint UTC/L2 meeting in Seattle, June 8-10, 1999, 1999-11-04 
L2/05-137 Freytag, Asmus, Handling "defective" names, 2005-05-10 
L2/05-108R Moore, Lisa, Consensus 103-C7, UTC #103 Minutes, 2005-08-26, Create a "Normative Name Alias" property and file in the UCD. Populate the property with names from the sections "Typos" and "Bad or misleading names" from document L2/05-137. 
L2/10-221 Moore, Lisa, B.13.3 [U+2107, U+2118], UTC #124 / L2 #221 Minutes, 2010-08-23 
N3903 (pdf, doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) M57.06, Unconfirmed minutes of WG2 meeting 57, 2011-03-31, WG2 accepts to add the formal name alias "WEIERSTRASS ELLIPTIC FUNCTION" to 2118 SCRIPT CAPITAL P. 
L2/15-050R[b][c] Davis, Mark; et al, Additional variation selectors for emoji, 2015-01-29 
L2/20-275R Sargent, Murray, Proposed variation sequences for math calligraphic letters, 2021-01-05 
L2/20-281 Hudson, John, Recent evolution of math alphabetic calligraphic script style, 2020-11-10 
L2/21-016R Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; Pournader, Roozbeh; Moore, Lisa; Liang, Hai, 25 Math Calligraphic Alphabets, Recommendations to UTC #166 January 2021 on Script Proposals, 2021-01-14 
L2/21-009 Moore, Lisa, Consensus 166-C33, UTC #166 Minutes, 2021-01-27, The UTC accepts 52 variation sequences to distinguish roundhand and chancery style mathematical script alphabetic characters 
3.0 U+2139 1 N1138 LaBonté, Alain, Proposal to add new characters (Keyboard related) to 10646, 1995-01-30 
N1203页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Umamaheswaran, V. S.; Ksar, Mike, 6.1.6, Unconfirmed minutes of SC2/WG2 Meeting 27, Geneva, 1995-05-03 
N1303 (html, doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Umamaheswaran, V. S.; Ksar, Mike, Minutes of Meeting 29, Tokyo, 1996-01-26 
L2/97-128 N1564 Paterson, Bruce, Draft pDAM for various additional characters (the "holding bucket"), 1997-05-15 
L2/97-288 N1603页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Umamaheswaran, V. S., 7.3, Unconfirmed Meeting Minutes, WG 2 Meeting # 33, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, 20 June – 4 July 1997, 1997-10-24 
L2/98-005R N1682 Text of ISO 10646 - AMD 22 for PDAM registration and PDAM ballot, 1997-12-17 
L2/98-320 N1898页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 ISO/IEC 10646-1/FPDAM 22, AMENDMENT 22: Keyboard Symbols, 1998-10-22 
N1897页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Paterson, Bruce; Everson, Michael, Disposition of Comments - FPDAM22 - Keyboard Symbols - SC2 N3191, 1998-10-22 
L2/99-010 N1903 (pdf, html页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Umamaheswaran, V. S., Minutes of WG 2 meeting 35, London, U.K.; 1998-09-21--25, 1998-12-30 
L2/99-126 Paterson, Bruce, Text for FDAM ballot ISO/IEC 10646 FDAM #22 - Keyboard symbols, 1999-04-14 
L2/11-438[d][c] N4182页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Edberg, Peter, Emoji Variation Sequences (Revision of L2/11-429), 2011-12-22 
U+213A 1 L2/98-215 N1748页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Everson, Michael, Additional signature mark characters for the UCS, 1998-05-25 
L2/98-281R (pdf, html页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Aliprand, Joan, Signature Marks (IV.C.7), Unconfirmed Minutes – UTC #77 & NCITS Subgroup L2 # 174 JOINT MEETING, Redmond, WA -- July 29-31, 1998, 1998-07-31 
L2/98-292R (pdf, html页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), Figure 1页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) 2.7, Comments on proposals to add characters from ISO standards developed by ISO/TC 46/SC 4, 1998-08-19 
L2/98-292 N1840页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 2.7, Comments on proposals to add characters from ISO standards developed by ISO/TC 46/SC 4, 1998-08-25 
L2/98-301 N1847页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Everson, Michael, Responses to NCITS/L2 and Unicode Consortium comments on numerous proposals, 1998-09-12 
L2/98-372 N1884R2 (pdf, doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Whistler, Ken; et al, Additional Characters for the UCS, 1998-09-22 
L2/98-329 N1920页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Combined PDAM registration and consideration ballot on WD for ISO/IEC 10646-1/Amd. 30, AMENDMENT 30: Additional Latin and other characters, 1998-10-28 
L2/99-010 N1903 (pdf, html页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Umamaheswaran, V. S., 8.1.5.1, Minutes of WG 2 meeting 35, London, U.K.; 1998-09-21--25, 1998-12-30 
3.2 U+213D..2149, 214B 14 L2/00-119[e] N2191R页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Whistler, Ken; Freytag, Asmus, Encoding Additional Mathematical Symbols in Unicode, 2000-04-19 
L2/00-234 N2203 (rtf, txt页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Umamaheswaran, V. S., 8.18, Minutes from the SC2/WG2 meeting in Beijing, 2000-03-21 -- 24, 2000-07-21 
L2/00-115R2 Moore, Lisa, Motion 83-M11, Minutes Of UTC Meeting #83, 2000-08-08 
L2/01-050 N2253页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Umamaheswaran, V. S., RESOLUTION M39.24, Minutes of the SC2/WG2 meeting in Athens, September 2000, 2001-01-21 
L2/01-012R Moore, Lisa, Motion 86-M32, Minutes UTC #86 in Mountain View, Jan 2001, 2001-05-21, Change the name of the proposed character at U+2140 from DOUBLE STRUCK CAPITAL SIGMA to DOUBLE STRUCK N-ARY SUMMATION. 
L2/01-227 Whistler, Ken, ITEM 5, WG2 Consent Docket for UTC #87, 2001-05-22 
L2/01-184R Moore, Lisa, Motion 87-M16, ITEM 5, Minutes from the UTC/L2 meeting, 2001-06-18 
L2/01-344 N2353 (pdf, doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Umamaheswaran, V. S., SE6, Minutes from SC2/WG2 meeting #40 -- Mountain View, April 2001, 2001-09-09 
U+214A 1 L2/98-374 N1887R页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Freytag, Asmus, Three symbols, 1998-09-24 
L2/99-010 N1903 (pdf, html页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Umamaheswaran, V. S., Minutes of WG 2 meeting 35, London, U.K.; 1998-09-21--25, 1998-12-30 
L2/00-091 N2184页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Freytag, Asmus, Additional information on the proposal to add three symbols, 2000-03-14 
L2/00-234 N2203 (rtf, txt页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Umamaheswaran, V. S., 8.7, Minutes from the SC2/WG2 meeting in Beijing, 2000-03-21 -- 24, 2000-07-21 
L2/00-115R2 Moore, Lisa, Minutes Of UTC Meeting #83, 2000-08-08 
4.0 U+213B 1 L2/99-353 N2056页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 3, Amendment of the part concerning the Korean characters in ISO/IEC 10646-1:1998 amendment 5, 1999-07-29 
L2/99-380 Proposal for a New Work item (NP) to amend the Korean part in ISO/IEC 10646-1:1993, 1999-12-07 
L2/99-380.3 Annex B, Special characters compatible with KPS 9566-97 (To be extended), 1999-12-07 
L2/00-084 N2182页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 3, Amendment of the part concerning the Korean characters in ISO/IEC 10646-1:1998 amendment 5 (Cover page and outline of proposal L2/99-380), 1999-12-07 
L2/99-382 Whistler, Ken, 2.3, Comments to accompany a U.S. NO vote on JTC1 N5999, SC2 N3393, New Work item proposal (NP) for an amendment of the Korean part of ISO/IEC 10646-1:1993, 1999-12-09 
L2/00-066 N2170 (pdf, doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) 3, The technical justification of the proposal to amend the Korean character part of ISO/IEC 10646-1 (proposed addition of 79 symbolic characters), 2000-02-10 
L2/00-073 N2167页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Karlsson, Kent, Comments on DPRK New Work Item proposal on Korean characters, 2000-03-02 
L2/00-285 N2244页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Proposal for the Addition of 82 Symbols to ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000, 2000-08-10 
L2/00-291 Everson, Michael, Comments to Korean proposals (L2/00-284 - 289), 2000-08-30 
N2282页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Report of the meeting of the Korean script ad hoc group, 2000-09-21 
L2/01-349 N2374R页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Proposal to add of 70 symbols to ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000, 2001-09-03 
L2/01-387 N2390页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Kim, Kyongsok, ROK's Comments about DPRK's proposal, WG2 N 2374, to add 70 symbols to ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000, 2001-10-13 
L2/01-388 N2392页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Kim, Kyongsok, A Report of Korean Script ad hoc group meeting on Oct. 15, 2001, 2001-10-16 
L2/01-420 Whistler, Ken, f. Miscellaneous symbol additions from DPRK standard, WG2 (Singapore) Resolution Consent Docket for UTC, 2001-10-30 
L2/01-458 N2407页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Umamaheswaran, V. S., Request to Korean ad hoc group to generate mapping tables between ROK and DPRK national standards, 2001-11-16 
L2/02-372 N2453 (pdf, doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Umamaheswaran, V. S., M42.14 item j, Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 42, 2002-10-30 
4.1 U+213C, 214C 2 L2/03-194 N2590页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Freytag, Asmus, Additional Mathematical and Letterlike Characters, 2003-06-09 
L2/04-406 Freytag, Asmus; Sargent, Murray; Beeton, Barbara; Carlisle, David, Progress report on Mathematical Symbols, 2004-11-15 
5.0 U+214D 1 L2/04-394 N2887页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), N2889页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Stötzner, Andreas, Aktieselskab: Proposal to the Unicode Consortium, 2004-11-09 
U+214E 1 L2/05-076 Davis, Mark, Stability of Case Folding, 2005-02-10 
L2/05-183 N2957页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Everson, Michael; Haugen, Odd Einar; Emiliano, António; Pedro, Susana; Grammel, Florian; Baker, Peter; Stötzner, Andreas; Dohnicht, Marcus; Luft, Diana, Preliminary proposal to add medievalist characters to the UCS, 2005-08-02 
L2/05-191 Whistler, Ken, Proposal for dealing with lowercase Claudian letters, 2005-08-02 
L2/05-193R2 N2960R页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Everson, Michael, Proposal to add Claudian Latin letters to the UCS, 2005-08-12 
N2942页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Freytag, Asmus; Whistler, Ken, Proposal to add nine lowercase characters, 2005-08-12 
L2/05-180 Moore, Lisa, Claudian (C.15), UTC #104 Minutes, 2005-08-17 
L2/05-108R Moore, Lisa, Stability of Case Folding (B.14.2), UTC #103 Minutes, 2005-08-26 
N2953 (pdf, doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Umamaheswaran, V. S., 7.4.6, 8.2.3, Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 47, Sophia Antipolis, France; 2005-09-12/15, 2006-02-16 
5.1 U+214F 1 L2/06-245 N3217页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆 Hudson, John; et al, Proposal to encode Samaritan Text symbol, 2006-07-27 
L2/06-324R2 Moore, Lisa, Consensus 109-C25, UTC #109 Minutes, 2006-11-29 
L2/07-268 N3253 (pdf, doc页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆)) Umamaheswaran, V. S., M50.17, Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 50, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany; 2007-04-24/27, 2007-07-26 
  1. ^ 提案中建議的碼位和字符名稱可能與最終結果不同。
  2. ^ 參見L2/13-207L2/14-054L2/14-063L2/15-051AL2/15-051B
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 參閱「雜項符號和象形文字」區塊的歷史一節以查看更多與繪文字有關的文檔。
  4. ^ 參見L2/10-458L2/11-414L2/11-415L2/11-429
  5. ^ 參閱「雜項數學符號-B」區段的歷史一節以查看更多與數學有關的文檔。

参见编辑

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ Unicode character database. The Unicode Standard. [22 March 2013]. (原始内容存档于2014-03-12). 
  2. ^ The Unicode Standard Version 1.0, Volume 1. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. 1990, 1991. ISBN 0-201-56788-1. 
  3. ^ Chapter 22: Symbols. The Unicode Standard, Version 14.0 (PDF). Mountain View, CA: Unicode, Inc. 2021-09 [2022-06-09]. ISBN 978-1-936213-29-0. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2022-05-23). 
  4. ^ Unicode chart (PDF) (PDF). [2013-06-26]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2016-04-17). 
  5. ^ Unicode Character Database: Standardized Variation Sequences. The Unicode Consortium. [2022-06-09]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-09). }
  6. ^ UTR #51: Unicode Emoji. Unicode Consortium. 2019-02-04 [2022-06-09]. (原始内容存档于2020-06-30). 
  7. ^ UCD: Emoji Data for UTR #51. Unicode Consortium. 2019-01-15 [2022-06-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-03-28). 
  8. ^ UTS #51 Emoji Variation Sequences. The Unicode Consortium. [2022-06-09]. (原始内容存档于2022-03-31).