岛民飞机

布里顿-诺曼 BN-2 岛民(英文:Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander)是英国的轻型通用飞机与支线客机。由英国布里顿-诺曼公司设计制造。目前750架在用。全世界超过30个国家的军队或执法机构使用该型号飞机。

Islander
Britten-Norman BN-2A-26 Islander, Winair - Windward Islands Airways JP5823246.jpg
向风群岛航空的布里顿-诺曼 BN-2 岛民
类型 通用飞机/客机
制造商 布里顿-诺曼
设计者 John Britten, Desmond Norman英语Desmond Norman
首飞 1965年6月13日
状态 在役
生產年份 1965–现在
制造数量 1,280
单位成本
  • $53,000 (1968)[1]
  • $3M (BN-2T, 2013)[2]
衍生型 Britten-Norman Defender英语Britten-Norman Defender
发展为 Britten-Norman Trislander英语Britten-Norman Trislander

用户编辑

军用与执法编辑

在用编辑

  伯利兹
  博茨瓦纳
  緬甸
  柬埔寨
  中非
  賽普勒斯[45]
  丹麥
  刚果民主共和国
  芬兰
  冈比亚
  加纳
  圭亚那
  印度
  印尼
  爱尔兰
  以色列
  牙买加
  约旦
  马达加斯加
  马里
  马拉维
  馬爾他
  毛里塔尼亚
  模里西斯
  墨西哥
  尼泊爾
  荷蘭
  阿曼
  巴拿马
  巴基斯坦
  秘魯
  菲律賓
  卡塔尔
  卢旺达
  塞内加尔
  塞舌尔
  南非
  苏里南
  泰國
  英國
  阿布扎比 /   阿联酋
  委內瑞拉
  扎伊尔
  尚比亞
  辛巴威

以前编辑

  安哥拉
  比利時
  西斯凱
  海地
  香港
  伊拉克
  马拉维
  菲律賓
  羅德西亞
  羅馬尼亞
  索馬利亞
  阿布扎比 /   阿联酋
  • 阿布迪拜国防军空军

民用编辑

  安地卡及巴布達
  澳大利亚
  巴哈马
  伯利兹
  巴林
  巴巴多斯
  巴西
  英屬維爾京群島
  加拿大
  智利
  • Archipiélagos Aviación operates the two Islanders in Chile and the former South Pacific Korp aircraft [69]
  • South Pacific Korp
  哥伦比亚
  丹麥
  • Falck Air英语Falck Air- 拥有3架岛民:BN-2A-9 (OY-DZV), BN-2A-20 (OY-RPZ),BN-2B-26 (OY-CFV)
  厄瓜多尔
  • Emetebe Airlines Galapagos
  爱沙尼亚
  斐济
  法國
  德國
  希臘
  圭亚那
  洪都拉斯
  冰島
  爱尔兰
  以色列
  • Ayit Aviation
  義大利
  • Aertirrena
  牙买加
  日本
  基里巴斯
  马拉维
  马来西亚
  模里西斯
  墨西哥
  荷属安的列斯
  新西蘭
  巴拿马
  • Aero Taxi Intl
  • Air Panama英语Air Panama
  • ANSA
  • AVIATUR
  • Aviones de Panama S.A.
  • PARSA
  • TRANSPASA
  菲律賓
  • Mid-Sea Express
  • Pacificair
  葡萄牙[71]
  波多黎各
  羅馬尼亞
  • Regional Air Services

  圣文森特和格林纳丁斯

  圣基茨和尼维斯
  萨摩亚
  苏里南
  臺灣
  英國
  美國

Gem Air LLC- Salmon, Idaho

  瓦努阿圖
  委內瑞拉
  尚比亞

事故编辑

 

技术性能 (BN-2A 岛民)编辑

 
前视图
 
侧视图
 
低展弦比
 
飞行中

参考资料:The Observer's Book of Aircraft, Britten-Norman,[24] Flying[1]

基本信息

  • 机组:1 或 2
  • 容量:最多 9名乘客
  • 展弦比:7.39

性能

  • Takeoff run: 215 m
  • Fuel consumption: 90公升(24美制加侖)/h at 133節(246公里每小時), 80公升(21美制加侖)/h at 119節(220公里每小時).[78]

参见编辑

相关开发

类似型号

参考文献编辑

引用编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Fricker 1968, p. 77.
  2. ^ B-N Group Turbine Islander. Forecast International. October 2013 [2017年10月12日]. (原始内容存档于12 October 2017). 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Simpson 1991, p. 77.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Fricker 1968, p. 75.
  5. ^ 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 Goold, Ian. "Britten-Norman Islander celebrates 40th anniversary." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期15 September 2017. AIN Online, 16 October 2006.
  6. ^ John Britten obituary (PDF). [16 April 2017]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于17 April 2017). 
  7. ^ Fricker 1968, pp. 75-76.
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 8.2 Fricker 1968, p. 76.
  9. ^ Green 1976, p. 52.
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 10.2 Orbis 1985, p. 992.
  11. ^ Fricker, John. "Foreign Accent." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期11 April 2016. Flying, December 1968. Vol. 83, No. 6. ISSN 0015-4806. p. 26.
  12. ^ Hamilton-Paterson 2010, p. 255.
  13. ^ Romaero. Romaero. [20 August 2012]. (原始内容存档于30 June 2012). 
  14. ^ "Avions Fairey Gosselies & Sonaca: a Tips of genie." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期20 June 2010. Belgian Aircraft History Association, Retrieved: 25 March 2016.
  15. ^ Fricker, John. "Past and Present." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期11 April 2016. Flying Magazine, September 1977. Vol. 101, No. 3. ISSN 0015-4806. p. 271.
  16. ^ Hirst, Mike. "Building the quiet Islander." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期7 April 2016. Flight International, 16 July 1977. p. 210.
  17. ^ "Reporting Points." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期11 April 2016. Flying Magazine, October 1977. ISSN 0015-4806. p. 25.
  18. ^ "Britten-Norman takes over Romania's Romaero." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期8 April 2016. Aviation Week, 8 February 1999.
  19. ^ "Britten-Norman enjoys new Romanian rhapsody." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期7 April 2016. Flight International, 14 June 1999.
  20. ^ 20.0 20.1 Morrison, Murdo. "Great Britten." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期7 April 2016. Flight International, 20 June 2006.
  21. ^ Kingsley-Jones, Max. "Final landing: A history of the UK aircraft industry (or 'Why Britain botched building airliners')." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期7 April 2016. Flight International, 22 December 2006.
  22. ^ Morrison, Murdo. "Britten-Norman brings production back to the UK." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期7 April 2016. Flight International, 28 May 2010.
  23. ^ Tony Osborne. Loganair Visions Electric Island-Hopping Flight First. Aviation Week & Space Technology. 26 October 2018. 
  24. ^ 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 24.5 24.6 24.7 24.8 "Islands: The World's Most Versatile Aircraft." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期6 April 2016. Britten Norman, Retrieved: 25 March 2016.
  25. ^ 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 "Islander." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期21 July 2012. Britten Norman, Retrieved: 25 March 2016.
  26. ^ "Pilatus Britten-Norman will adopt Islander silencer." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期7 April 2016. Flight International, 7 January 1998.
  27. ^ Lowton, Edward. "“At what altitude did you have your baby?” National Museum of Flight seeks mothers who gave birth midflight." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期7 April 2016. Culture 24, 16 June 2015.
  28. ^ "Getting here is easy, by sea or air."页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆Westray and Papa Westray, Retrieved: 25 March 2016.
  29. ^ "Final trip for Orkney shortest flight pilot." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期4 May 2018. BBC News, 23 May 2013.
  30. ^ Kaminski-Morrow, David. "VIDEO: Loganair brings back 'world's shortest' flight." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期7 April 2016. Flight International, 28 February 2011.
  31. ^ March 1, 1975 Stol Air Commuter system timetable. [16 April 2018]. (原始内容存档于2 February 2001). 
  32. ^ Archived copy. [13 April 2017]. (原始内容存档于13 April 2017). 
  33. ^ July 15, 1981 Wings Airways system timetable. [16 April 2018]. (原始内容存档于2 February 2001). 
  34. ^ Graham Warwick. The Week In Technology, Oct. 7-11, 2019. Aviation Week & Space Technology. Oct 7, 2019. 
  35. ^ Simpson 1991, pp. 78–79.
  36. ^ Ripley and Chappel 1993, p. 30.
  37. ^ RAF Islander Avionics Upgrade Contract. Warnesy's World. [10 September 2019]. (原始内容存档于2020-02-22). 
  38. ^ Lake 2008, pp. 44–45.
  39. ^ "Islander BN2T CC Mk2." 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期4 April 2012. Royal Air Force. Retrieved: 22 November 2008. Note: While officially described as communications and photo survey aircraft, these aircraft are believed to also operate in a surveillance role.
  40. ^ Lake 2008, pp. 45—46.
  41. ^ RAF Islanders Replaced by Civilian-Contracted Aircraft. Warnesy's World. [10 September 2019]. (原始内容存档于2020-08-06). 
  42. ^ Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 33.
  43. ^ Flight International 14–20 December 2010, p. 30.
  44. ^ 44.0 44.1 Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 34.
  45. ^ Flight International 14–20 December 2010, p. 34.
  46. ^ Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 36.
  47. ^ Flight International 14–20 December 2010, p. 35.
  48. ^ 48.0 48.1 Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 39.
  49. ^ Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 40.
  50. ^ Flight International 14–20 December 2010, p. 41.
  51. ^ 51.0 51.1 51.2 Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 43.
  52. ^ Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 44.
  53. ^ Flight International 14–20 December 2010, p. 44.
  54. ^ Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 46.
  55. ^ Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 47.
  56. ^ G-INFO G-BSWR. Civil Aviation Authority. [29 February 2020]. (原始内容存档于2017-12-30). 
  57. ^ Avionic Upgrades for the RAF's Britten-Norman Islanders. Britten-Norman (新闻稿). 23 July 2019 [22 February 2020]. (原始内容存档于2021-03-07). 
  58. ^ Air Vice Marshal Harvey Smyth Air Officer Commanding No. 1 Group [@@HarvSmyth]. Handover of Fixed Wing Manned Aerial Surveillance from Army to RAF. (推文). 2 April 2019 –通过Twitter. 
  59. ^ RAF Islanders Replaced by Civilian-Contracted Aircraft. Warnesy's World. 12 August 2017 [23 February 2020]. (原始内容存档于2020-08-06). 
  60. ^ Hoyle Flight International 8–14 December 2015, p. 53.
  61. ^ Flight International 14–20 December 2010, p. 29.
  62. ^ FlightGlobal (1981) Hong Kong. UK: FlightGlobal. 1981: 346 [2021-01-08]. (原始内容存档于2019-02-20). 
  63. ^ Great River Air. [16 Sep 2017]. (原始内容存档于2020-11-27). 
  64. ^ Northstar Air Tours. [16 Sep 2017]. (原始内容存档于2021-01-21). 
  65. ^ Sander Geophysics. Geophysical Survey Aircraft - Britten-Norman BN2B-21 Islander. n.d. [30 April 2010]. (原始内容存档于2019-05-27). 
  66. ^ Strait Air. [16 Sep 2017]. (原始内容存档于2019-05-31). 
  67. ^ Tsayta Aviation. [16 Sep 2017]. (原始内容存档于2020-11-24). 
  68. ^ Villers Air Services. [16 Sep 2017]. (原始内容存档于2021-01-20). 
  69. ^ Archipiélagos Aviación. Otro Islander para Archipiélagos. 2010 [24 January 2011]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-03). 
  70. ^ Mauritius Coast Guard Defender. Air International. Vol. 79 no. 4. October 2010: 20. ISSN 0306-5634. 
  71. ^ Portugal. [2021-09-24]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-13). 
  72. ^ Archived copy. [2015-12-06]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-11). 
  73. ^ 存档副本. [2020-04-22]. (原始内容存档于2017-07-24). 
  74. ^ 存档副本. [2020-04-22]. (原始内容存档于2020-11-26). 
  75. ^ Archived copy. [2015-12-01]. (原始内容存档于2015-12-08). 
  76. ^ http://www.timetableimages.com页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆), AmericAir timetable
  77. ^ 存档副本 (PDF). [2020-04-22]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2019-10-25). 
  78. ^ Flight test: Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander. Pilot Mag. 15 December 2017 [23 May 2019]. (原始内容存档于29 November 2018). 

书目编辑

  • Fricker, John. "The Britten-Norman Islander."页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆Flying, April 1968. Vol. 82, No. 4. ISSN 0015-4806. pp. 75–77.
  • Green, William. The Observer's Book of Aircraft. London. Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd., 1976. ISBN 0-7232-1553-7.
  • Hamilton-Paterson, James. Empire of the Clouds: When Britain's Aircraft Ruled the World. Faber & Faber, 2010. ISBN 0-5712-7173-1.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). London: Orbis Publishing, 1985.
  • Lake, Jon. "Aircraft of the RAF - Part 8 Islander." Air International, Vol 75 Number 6, December 2008, pp. 44–46.
  • Ripley, Tim and Chappel, Mike. Security forces in Northern Ireland (1969-92). Osprey, 1993. ISBN 1-8553-2278-1.
  • Simpson, R.W. Airlife's General Aviation. London: Airlife Publishing, 1991, p. 190. ISBN 1-85310-194-X.