斯托克頓和達靈頓鐵路

斯托克頓和達靈頓鐵路(英語:Stockton and Darlington Railway),簡稱S&DR,是1825年至1863年期間存在於東北英格蘭的一家鐵路公司运营有斯托克頓-達靈頓鐵路。這家公司是世界上首家使用蒸汽機車的鐵路公司。斯托克頓和達靈頓鐵路參與了東海岸主線約克至達靈頓部分的建設。1863年,該公司被英国东北铁路收購。

Stockton and Darlington Railway
斯托克頓-達靈頓鐵路
Tracts vol 57 p252 1821 Plan of intended Stockton and Darlington Railway.jpg
1821年的招股說明書上展示的原始計劃鐵路走線。
Opening of Stockton and Darlington Railway (crop).jpg
油畫《斯托克頓至達靈頓鐵路之啟用》(“Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway”),於1880年代由John Dobbin所繪,描畫當日在達靈頓觀看首航列車穿過斯克尼橋(Skerne Bridge)的群眾。
區域 英國東北英格蘭對衡郡(County Durham)
營運日期1825–1863
繼承英国东北铁路

轨距编辑

斯托克顿-达灵顿铁路的轨距设计是个迷,因为同时代文献均称该铁路为1422毫米,但考古上卻是1435毫米。[a]这给今天标准轨距的起源打上了问号。

註釋编辑

  1. ^ Smiles (1904, p. 160) states that early tramroads had rails 4英尺8英寸(1.42米) apart, but Tomlinson (1915, pp. 82–83) challenges this, stating that the most common gauge of the early tramroads and waggonways was about 4英尺(1.2米), and some, such as the Wylam waggonway, had the rails 5英尺(1.5米) apart. The gauge of the S&DR was given in early documents as 4英尺8英寸(1.42米), but the distance between the rails was later measured as 4英尺812英寸(1,435 mm), and this became the standard gauge used by 60 per cent of railways worldwide. The difference of 12英寸(13毫米) is a mystery.[1][2]

参见编辑

  1. ^ Davis, Hunter. George Stephenson: A Biographical Study of the Father of Railways. Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 1975: 75. ISBN 0-297-76934-0. 
  2. ^ Robert Stephenson (1803–1859). Network Rail. [25 March 2014]. 

外部連結编辑