星系年表星系星系團、和宇宙大尺度結構的年代學。

20世紀之前

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20世紀前期

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20世紀後期

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21世紀

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参考文献

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  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Josep Puig Montada. Ibn Bajja. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. September 28, 2007 [2008-07-11]. (原始内容存档于2012-07-28). 
  2. ^ Kepple, George Robert; Glen W. Sanner. The Night Sky Observer's Guide, Volume 1. Willmann-Bell, Inc. 1998: 18. ISBN 0-943396-58-1. 
  3. ^ Observatoire de Paris (Abd-al-Rahman Al Sufi). [2007-04-19]. (原始内容存档于2014-02-26). 
  4. ^ Observatoire de Paris (LMC). [2007-04-19]. (原始内容存档于2012-12-14). 
  5. ^ 約翰·J·奧康納; 埃德蒙·F·羅伯遜英语Edmund F. Robertson, Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni, MacTutor数学史档案 (英语) 
  6. ^ Mohamed, Mohaini, Great Muslim Mathematicians, Penerbit UTM: 49–50, 2000, ISBN 9835201579 
  7. ^ Hamid-Eddine Bouali, Mourad Zghal, Zohra Ben Lakhdar. Popularisation of Optical Phenomena: Establishing the First Ibn Al-Haytham Workshop on Photography (PDF). The Education and Training in Optics and Photonics Conference. 2005 [2008-07-08]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2011-05-24). 
  8. ^ Livingston, John W., Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah: A Fourteenth Century Defense against Astrological Divination and Alchemical Transmutation, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1971, 91 (1): 96–103 [99], doi:10.2307/600445 
  9. ^ Morelle, Rebecca. New galaxy 'most distant' yet discovered. BBC. 24 October 2013 [24 October 2013]. (原始内容存档于2018-07-01).