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桑迪河英语:Sandy River)是哥倫比亞河的一条支流,长约56-英里(90-公里),位于美国俄勒冈州西北部。经美國地質調查局(USGS)测算,桑迪河与Bull Run River汇合处(距离河口18.4英里(29.6公里))的平均流量为2,300立方英尺每秒(65立方米每秒)。

Sandy River
桑迪河
MtHood from JonsrudViewpt.jpg
胡德山与桑迪河
名称起源:Named Quicksand River in 1805 by Lewis and Clark because of "emence quantitys of sand" at the mouth; apparently shortened to Sandy River locally by 1845–50[1]
国家 美国
俄勒冈州
克拉克默斯縣姆尔特诺默县
源头 胡德山
 - 海拔 5,225 ft(1,593 m[2]
 - 坐标 45°22′32″N 121°43′45″W / 45.37556°N 121.72917°W / 45.37556; -121.72917 [3]
河口 哥倫比亞河
 - 位置 俄勒冈州姆尔特诺默县Troutdale附近
 - 海拔 10 ft(3 m[3]
 - 坐标 45°34′05″N 122°24′03″W / 45.56806°N 122.40083°W / 45.56806; -122.40083 [3]
长度 56 mi(90 km[4]
流域面积 508 mi²(1,316 km²[5]
流量 Dodge Park附近,距离河口18.4英里(29.6公里)
 - 平均流量 2,300 ft³/s(65 /s[6][7]
 - 最大流量 84,400 ft³/s(2,390 /s
 - 最小流量 45 ft³/s(1 /s
桑迪河河口在俄勒冈州的位置

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. Oregon Geographic Names, Seventh Edition. Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. 2003: 846–47. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  2. ^ Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Sandy River. Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey (USGS). November 28, 1980 [December 15, 2009]. 
  4. ^ Welcome to a Special Place, the Sandy River Basin. Sandy River Basin Watershed Council. 2007 [September 19, 2008]. 
  5. ^ Taylor, Barbara. Salmon and Steelhead Runs and Related Events of the Sandy River Basin - A Historical Perspective (PDF). Portland General Electric. December 1998 [October 6, 2009]. (原始内容 (pdf)存档于2015年4月27日). 
  6. ^ USGS 14142500 Sandy River Below Bull Run River, near Bull Run, OR. United States Geological Survey. 2008 [May 5, 2008]. 
  7. ^ Average discharge rate was calculated by adding average annual discharge rates for 10 calendar years, 1994–2003, from USGS records and dividing by 10.

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