克桑滕條約

(重定向自桑騰條約

克桑滕條約》(德語:Vertrag von Xanten)於1614年11月12日由諾伊堡的帕拉蒂尼伯爵沃爾夫岡·威廉勃蘭登堡選帝侯約翰·西吉斯蒙德在萊茵河下游的克桑滕鎮簽署。英國和法國的代表擔任調解人。該協議正式結束了於利希繼承戰爭,並在將克利夫斯–於利希的領土劃分給了威廉和西吉斯蒙德[1]

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ Hayden 1973,p. 22: "The other major problem in the [Holy Roman] Empire brings full circle the discussion of the Regency foreign policy. The two occupants of the Cleves–Jülich territory could not get along with each other. In the involved negotiations, the claimants changed religions and sought outside allies. The result was the threat of war in 1614 by the allies, the Dutch for Brandenburg and the Spanish for Neuberg. These two states, however, had no desire to break the truce of 1609, and after some feinting, negotiations opened which were assisted by England and France. The resulting Treaty of Xanten was signed on November 12, 1614, with Jülich and Berg going to Wolfgang William of Neuberg while Elector John Sigismund got Cleves, Mark, and Ravensburg. The Spanish army under Spinola refused to give up the key fortress of Wesel, and further negotiations were necessary, but in the end a shaky peace was maintained."

其他來源编辑

  • Hayden, J. Michael. Continuity in the France of Henry IV and Louis XIII: French Foreign Policy, 1598-1615. Journal of Modern History. 1973, 45 (1): 1–23. S2CID 144914347. doi:10.1086/240888.