棄用分類單元列表

维基媒体列表条目
(重定向自棄用生物分類列表

本列表用於歸納所有已廢棄的生物分類單元,這些分類單元多數是基於形態學比較解剖學研究而確立,受限於時代認知,錯誤地反映了生物之間的親疏遠近關係。1990年代以來,生物分類研究在更大程度上依賴於新進的遗传学技術,使得許多傳統分類單元被認為是不合理的非单系群,並隨着分類體系的不斷修正而被棄用,成為無效的分類單元。

動物编辑

分類名稱
Taxon
中文譯名 原有分類者 包含物種
Class Protomedusae 原水母綱 Caster (1945)[1] 布魯克斯水母Brooksella alternata
Class Sclerospongiae 硬海綿綱/硬骨海綿綱 Hartman & Goreau (1970)[2] 月亮海绵Ceratoporella nicholsoni)、Stromatospongia vermicolaHispidopetra minianaStromatospongia noraeGoreauiella auriculatra以及Merlia
Class Vermes 蠕蟲綱 Linnaeus 扁形动物门线形动物门、和棘头动物门
Order Agriae Linnaeus (1748)[3] 食蟻獸pangolins
Order Anthropomorpha 人形目 Linnaeus (1740,[4] 1748)[3] 1740: Primates, anteaters, and sloths

1748: Primates and sloths

Order Belluae Linnaeus (1758,[5] 1766)[6] 1758: Horses and hippopotamuses

1766: as above plus pigs, and rhinoceroses

Order Bestiae Linnaeus (1758)[5] Pigs, armadillos, hedgehogs, moles, shrews, and opossums
Order Bruta Linnaeus (1758,[5] 1766)[6] 1758: Elephants, manatees, sloths, anteaters, pangolins

1766: as above plus armadillos

Suborder Gravigrada
Order Insectivora 食蟲目 Several Hedgehog, shrews, moles, tenrecs, golden moles, solenodons, and sometimes elephant-shrews, treeshrews, and colugos
Order Jumenta Linnaeus (1740,[4] 1748)[3] 1740: Shrews, horses, elephants, hippopotamuses, and pigs

1748: as above plus rhinoceroses

Order Lipotyphla
Order and/or Suborder Pachydermata 厚皮目 Perissodactylans, elephants, hippopotamuses, peccaries and pigs
Order Quaternates Blainville (1839)[7] Gravigrada厚皮亚目反刍亚目
Order Secundates Blainville (1839)[7] Chiroptera食蟲目食肉目
Order Tertiates Blainville (1839)[7] 啮齿动物嚙齒目兔形目
Genus Simia 猴屬 Linnaeus (1758)[5] 靈長目簡鼻亞目類人猿下目闊鼻小目(新世界猴)和狹鼻小目的(舊世界猴)猴總科
Genus Tylognathus Heckel A variety of freshwater ray finned fish

真菌编辑

分類名稱
Taxon
中文譯名 原有分類者 包含物種
Order Lycoperdales 马勃目 一律歸入伞菌綱,然後重新分類。
Order Tulostomatales 柄灰包目
Order Nidulariales 鸟巢菌目
Order Agaricales 伞菌目

其他编辑

分類名稱
Taxon
中文譯名 原有分類者 包含物種
Kingdom Bionta 生物界 Walton (1930)[8]

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Caster, Kenneth Edward. A new jellyfish (Kirklandia texana Caster) from the Lower Cretaceous of Texas.. Palaeontological research institution. 1945. 
  2. ^ W. D. Hartman and T. F. Goreau. Jamaican coralline sponges: Their morphology, ecology and fossil relatives. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1970, 25: 205–243.  (Cited by [1]页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆).)
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Linnaeus, C. 1748. Systema naturae sistens regna tria naturae, in classes et ordines genera et species, redacta tabulisque aeneis illustrata. Lipsiae: Kiesewetter.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Linnaeus, C. 1740. Systema Naturae in quo Naturae Regna tria, secundum. Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, systematice proponuntur. Stockholm: Kiesewetter.
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Vol. 1: Regnum animale. Editio decima, reformata. Stockholm: Laurentii Salvii.
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Linnaeus, C. 1766. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Vol. 1: Regnum animale. Editio decima, reformata. Stockholm: Laurentii Salvii.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 Blainville, Henri-Marie Ducrotay de  . Nouvelle classification des Mammifères. Annales Françaises et Etrangères d’Anatomie et de Physiologie Appliquées à la Médicine et à l’Histoire Naturelle, 3. 1839: 268–269. 
  8. ^ Walton, Lee Barker  . Studies Concerning Organisms Occurring in Water Supplies With Particular Reference to Those Founded in Ohio. Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin, 24. 1930: 1–86.