歐洲保守派和改革主義者

欧洲保守派和改革主义者英语:European Conservatives and Reformists)是歐洲議會內的一個右翼疑歐保守主義党团,該党团反對歐洲聯邦主義,持歐洲懷疑主義,並支持保守主義。党团成員除瑞典的瑞典民主黨外,均為該國的主流保守派政黨,其黨內的成立主要是反對中間偏右保守派歐洲人民黨的支持歐洲聯邦主義的政策。

European
Conservatives and Reformists
歐洲議會黨團
ECR Group logo (2020–present).svg
外文名稱European Conservatives and Reformists
英文縮寫ECR[1]
法文縮寫ECR
議會名稱European Conservatives and Reformists Group
意識形態聯邦[2]
反共主义[3]
社会保守主义[4]
經濟自由主義[2]
歐洲懷疑主義[4]
民族保守主義[4]
政治立场右翼[5][6]極右翼[7][8][9]
欧洲政党欧洲保守派和改革主义者党[10]
相關組織New Direction
成立2009年6月22日[11]
主席Raffaele Fitto
Ryszard Legutko
歐洲議會
61 / 705 (9%)
網站www.ecrgroup.eu

現在该党团在歐洲議會擁有62名議員,是欧洲议会的第五大党团,成员来自十五个国家。该党团的主要成員包括捷克公民民主黨波蘭法律与公正瑞典瑞典民主黨

2018年7月3日,2名瑞典民主黨歐洲議會議員加入黨團,退出自由和直接民主歐洲

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ ECR formation - Press release june 22 2009. Scribd.com. 2009-06-22 [2015-05-14]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-05). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Watson, Iain. New German party causes Cameron EU Parliament dilemma. BBC News. 2014-06-03 [2014-07-03]. (原始内容存档于2017-12-01). 
  3. ^ 存档副本. [2022-04-30]. (原始内容存档于2022-04-04).  已忽略未知参数|título=(建议使用|title=) (帮助)
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Nordsieck, Wolfram. Parties and Elections in Europe. www.parties-and-elections.eu. [2017-05-28]. (原始内容存档于2017-06-08). 
  5. ^ Ursula von der Leyen makes final pledges to secure EU's top job. The Guardian. 15 July 2019 [2022-01-31]. (原始内容存档于2022-04-22). Von der Leyen says in her letters that she hopes the "snapshot" on her positions, some of which are retreads of previous proposals from the commission, will reassure her critics, although there is a risk of putting off MEPs within the more Eurosceptic and rightwing European Conservatives and Reformists group, in which Poland's Law and Justice is the largest party. 
  6. ^ Explainer: Von der Leyen's rocky path to confirmation as EU Commission chief. Reuters. 12 July 2019 [2022-01-31]. (原始内容存档于2022-03-24). The right-wing European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR), will decide just ahead of the vote whether to support von der Leyen, but officials say the group is divided over the issue. 
  7. ^ Dutch and Greek far-right parties join ECR Group. European Interest. 6 June 2019 [2022-01-31]. (原始内容存档于2019-12-07). 
  8. ^ McDonnell, Duncan; Werner, Annika. Respectable radicals: why some radical right parties in the European Parliament forsake policy congruence. Journal of European Public Policy. 4 May 2018, 25 (5): 747–763. ISSN 1350-1763. S2CID 157162610. doi:10.1080/13501763.2017.1298659. 
  9. ^ Falkner, Gerda; Plattner, Georg. Populist Radical Right Parties and EU Policies: How coherent are their claims? (PDF). EUI Working Paper RSCAS. 2018, (38): 5 [2022-01-31]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2022-02-04). 
  10. ^ 部分欧洲议员来自欧洲自由联盟欧洲基督教政治运动
  11. ^ François Foret. Religion and Politics in the European Union: The Secular Canopy. Cambridge University Press. 2015: 103. ISBN 978-1-107-08271-7. 

外部連結编辑