氯乙炔

化合物

氯乙炔是一种有机化合物,化学式为HC≡CCl。它可在氯乙酰氯三氯化铝的共热中产生。[3]它也可以由氯乙炔汞(Hg(C≡CCl)2)和氰化钾氢氧化钾溶液反应得到。[4]氯乙炔接触空气自燃[4]或者爆炸[5]。它和银氨溶液反应,生成具有高爆炸性的氯乙炔银。[6]

氯乙炔
英文名 Chloroacetylene
别名 一氯乙炔
氯代乙炔
识别
CAS号 593-63-5  ✓
SMILES
性质
化学式 C2HCl
摩尔质量 60.48 g·mol⁻¹
密度 1.066±0.06 g·cm−3(20 °C)[1]
熔点 −126 °C(147 K)[2]
沸点 −30 °C(243 K)[2]
溶解性 0.34 g(25 °)[1]
若非注明,所有数据均出自一般条件(25 ℃,100 kPa)下。

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Calculated using Advanced Chemistry Development (ACD/Labs) Software V11.02 (© 1994-2019 ACD/Labs). Retrieved from SciFinder. [2019-12-5]
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 "PhysProp" data were obtained from Syracuse Research Corporation of Syracuse, New York (US). Retrieved from SciFinder. [2019-12-6]
  3. ^ Pomerantseva, E. G.; Kulikova, A. E.; Zil'berman, E. N. Decarbonylation of chloroacetic acid chlorides in the presence of aluminum chloride(俄文). Zhurnal Organicheskoi Khimii, 1969. 5 (1): 187. ISSN: 0514-7492.
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 William E. Truce, Max M. Boudakian, Richard F. Heine, Robert J. McManimie. Stereospecific Reactions of Nucleophilic Agents with Acetylenes and Vinyl-type Halides. I. The Mechanism of the Base-catalyzed Reaction of cis-Dichloroethylene with Thiols 1. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 1956-06, 78 (12): 2743–2748 [2019-12-06]. ISSN 0002-7863. doi:10.1021/ja01593a026. (原始内容存档于2020-02-02) (英语). 
  5. ^ Mei-Lee Hwang, Wei-Liang Hsu. An infrared study of the reaction of acetylene halides: HCCCl with O2. Journal of Molecular Structure. 1998-08, 449 (1): 29–37 [2019-12-06]. doi:10.1016/S0022-2860(98)00361-5. (原始内容存档于2020-02-02) (英语). 
  6. ^ K. A. Hofmann, H. Kirmreuther. Metallsalze von Monochlor- und Monobrom-acetylen. Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft. 1909-11, 42 (4): 4232–4238 [2019-12-06]. doi:10.1002/cber.19090420404 (德语). 

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