这首歌的真正源头仍不清楚。常見的说法认为这首歌是在美国独立战争以前英军用以嘲笑殖民地居民粗俗的衣着和举止的，而“洋基”一词是对参加法印战争的新英格兰人的轻蔑之词。这首歌的曲调很可能来自与儿歌《露茜的钱袋》（Lucy Locket），其中一个版本的歌词可能来自于一名英国外科医生理查德·沙克伯勒（Richard Shuckburgh）。虽然这首歌的歌词带有贬义，然而独立战争期间美军却采用《洋基歌》作爲他们自己的歌以反諷敵軍，表明他们对自己朴素的家纺衣着和毫不矫揉造作的举止感到自豪。洋基歌的歌词有许多不同版本。多年来，这首歌在美国一直被当作非正式的国歌，也是最受欢迎的儿歌。在各类电影，电视和动画片中时常能听见这首歌曲。
- Yankee Doodle went to town
- A-riding on a pony,
- Stuck a feather in his cap
- And called it macaroni'.
- Yankee Doodle keep it up,
- Yankee Doodle dandy,
- Mind the music and the step,
- And with the girls be handy.
- Fath'r and I went down to camp,
- Along with Captain Gooding,
- And there we saw the men and boys
- As thick as hasty puddin'.
- And there we saw a thousand men
- As rich as Squire David,
- And what they wasted every day,
- I wish it could be saved.
- The 'lasses they eat it every day,
- Would keep a house a winter;
- They have so much, that I'll be bound,
- They eat it when they've mind ter.
- And there I see a swamping gun
- Large as a log of maple,
- Upon a deuced little cart,
- A load for father's cattle.
- And every time they shoot it off,
- It takes a horn of powder,
- and makes a noise like father's gun,
- Only a nation louder.
- I went as nigh to one myself
- As 'Siah's inderpinning;
- And father went as nigh again,
- I thought the deuce was in him.
- Cousin Simon grew so bold,
- I thought he would have cocked it;
- It scared me so I shrinked it off
- And hung by father's pocket.
- And Cap'n Davis had a gun,
- He kind of clapt his hand on't
- And stuck a crooked stabbing iron
- Upon the little end on't
- And there I see a pumpkin shell
- As big as mother's bason,
- And every time they touched it off
- They scampered like the nation.
- I see a little barrel too,
- The heads were made of leather;
- They knocked on it with little clubs
- And called the folks together.
- And there was Cap'n Washington,
- And gentle folks about him;
- They say he's grown so 'tarnal proud
- He will not ride without em'.
- He got him on his meeting clothes,
- Upon a slapping stallion;
- He sat the world along in rows,
- In hundreds and in millions.
- The flaming ribbons in his hat,
- They looked so tearing fine, ah,
- I wanted dreadfully to get
- To give to my Jemima.
- I see another snarl of men
- A digging graves they told me,
- So 'tarnal long, so 'tarnal deep,
- They 'tended they should hold me.
- It scared me so, I hooked it off,
- Nor stopped, as I remember,
- Nor turned about till I got home,
- Locked up in mother's chamber.
- STATE OF CONNECTICUT, Sites º Seals º Symbols; Connecticut State Register & Manual; retrieved on May 23, 2008
- Sonneck, Oscar George Theodore. Report on The Star-spangled Banner, Hail Columbia, America, Yankee Doodle. New York, Dover Publications . ISBN 0-486-22237-3.
- A. Lomax, John; Lomax, Alan. American ballads and folk songs. New York: Dover. 1994: 521. ISBN 978-0-486-28276-3.
- "doodle", n, Oxford English Dictionary. Accessed April 29th, 2009.
- J. Woodforde, The Strange Story of False Hair (London: Taylor & Francis, 1971), p. 40.
- R. Ross, Clothing: a global history : or, The Imperialists' new clothes (Polity, 2008), p. 51.
- Carola, Chris. Wish "Yankee Doodle" a happy 250th birthday. Maybe.. Associated Press. 07/05/08 [2009-09-10].
- The Billerica Colonial Minute Men; The Thomas Ditson story; retrieved on July 10, 2008
- ; Town History and Genealogy; retrieved on October 20, 2008
- ; Philadelphia Commentaries on the Boston Procession
- Gen. George P. Morris - "Original Yankee Words", The Patriotic Anthology, Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc. publishers, 1941. Introduction by Carl Van Doren. Literary Guild of America, Inc., New York N.Y.
- 19 April 2008. Yankee Doodle (Lyrics). YouTube. 2008-04-19 [2009-09-10].
- Berg, Jerome S. On the Short Waves, 1923-1945: Broadcast Listening in the Pioneer Days of Radio. 1999, McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-0506-0, page 104