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無宗教是指那些人們沒有固定的宗教信仰,不屬於任何一個宗教組織,包括但不等於是無神論者,无宗教亦包含不可知論者或有神論者。

目录

定義编辑

雖然被歸類成無宗教的人們不遵循一特定宗教,但這不表示他們就完全不相信超自然。他們可能是沒有特定宗教信仰或者不奉行宗教儀式的有神論者。特別是那些對宗教有負面評價,或者把宗教定義成「組織性的宗教」的人,他們可能有或可能沒有精神上的信仰,但會說他們自己是無宗教信仰,不參加及不屬於任何一个宗教组織。

有許多無宗教信仰者,仍然會儀式性地參加許多如嬰兒洗禮婚禮喪禮等宗教禮節與祭祀等宗教活動,例如欧洲基督教国家中的无宗教信仰者中不少仍是天主教会路德宗國教會、聖公宗國教會、東正教会成员,部分仍會在基督教主要節日如復活節聖誕節教堂參加崇拜日本的很多所謂神道教人士也無宗教信仰,但會按傳統到神社參拜;許多中國大陸香港臺灣等地的華人,心靈上並無宗教信仰,但因為尊重傳統,在不少重要節日和傳統節慶會到廟宇參拜,也會參加掃墓祭祖或者中元普渡等活動。

各國統計資料编辑

 
世界无宗教信仰人口比例, 数据来源Dentsu Institute (2006) and Zuckerman (2005)[1]

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Based on the data of the Dentsu Communication Institute and the data of Zuckerman. Largest values taken.
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