- Wilson, Edward O. Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge 1st. New York, NY: Vintage Books. 1998: 49–71. ISBN 0-679-45077-7.
- "... modern science is a discovery as well as an invention. It was a discovery that nature generally acts regularly enough to be described by laws and even by mathematics; and required invention to devise the techniques, abstractions, apparatus, and organization for exhibiting the regularities and securing their law-like descriptions." —p.vii, J. L. Heilbron, (2003, editor-in-chief). The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-511229-6.
- science. Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster, Inc. [2011-10-16]. （原始内容存档于2019-09-01）.
3 a: knowledge or a system of knowledge covering general truths or the operation of general laws especially as obtained and tested through scientific method b: such knowledge or such a system of knowledge concerned with the physical world and its phenomena