玉黍螺科

玉黍螺科(学名:Littorinidae),又名濱螺科[3],原屬中腹足目[4]盤足目[5],今屬新生腹足類支序(Caenogastropoda)高腹足類支序(Hypsogastropoda)玉黍螺形類支序(Littorinimorpha)的玉黍螺總科(Littorinoidea)。包括有200多個物種。

玉黍螺科Infobox info icon2.svg
Littorina littorina.jpg
Two shells of the common periwinke
Littorina littorea
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 軟體動物門 Mollusca
纲: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
目: 玉黍螺目 Littorinimorpha
总科: 玉黍螺總科 Littorinoidea
科: 玉黍螺科 Littorinidae
Children, 1834[1]
多样性[2]
2 freshwater species and numerous marine species.

(There are altogether 222 species of Littorinidae mentioned in Wikipedia on 4 August 2010)

分類编辑

根據《布歇特和洛克羅伊的腹足類分類 (2005年)》,本科屬於新生腹足類,包括有以下三個亞科:

  • 玉黍螺亞科 Littorininae Children, 1834 - synonyms: Echinininae Rosewater, 1972; Tectariinae Rosewater, 1972; Melaraphidae Starobogatov & Sitnikova, 1983
  • Subfamily Lacuninae Gray, 1857 - synonyms: Risellidae Kesteven, 1903; Cremnoconchinae Preston, 1915; Bembiciidae Finlay, 1928.
  • Subfamily Laevilitorininae Reid, 1989

编辑

玉黍螺科包括下列各屬[6]

玉黍螺亞科 Littorininae
Lacuninae
Laevilitorininae

subfamily ?

Synonyms

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Children J. G. (1834). Synopsis of the contents of the British Museum. ed. 28: 110.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Strong E. E., Gargominy O., Ponder W. F. & Bouchet P. (2008). "Global Diversity of Gastropods (Gastropoda; Mollusca) in Freshwater". Hydrobiologia 595: 149-166. hdl:10088/7390 doi:10.1007/s10750-007-9012-6.
  3. ^ 香港紅樹林的動物. 香港特別行政區漁農自然護理署. 2014-07-11 [2015-02-18]. (原始内容存档于2015-04-02) (中文(繁體)). 
  4. ^ 国际贝库:巨塔玉黍螺. 台湾贝类资料库. [2009-08-11]. (原始内容存档于2015-02-15). 
  5. ^ Littoraria melanostoma 黑口玉黍螺. 香港特別行政區漁農自然護理署. [2018-05-31] (中文(繁體)). [永久失效連結]
  6. ^ Littorinidae. WoRMS. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Reid D. G. (2009) "The genus Echinolittorina Habe, 1956 (Gastropoda: Littorinidae) in the western Atlantic Ocean." Zootaxa 2184: 1-103. abstract页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 (file created 29 July 2010) FRESH WATER MOLLUSCAN SPECIES IN INDIA[永久失效連結]. 11 pp. accessed 31 July 2010.
  9. ^ S T Williams , D G Reid , D T J Littlewood. A molecular phylogeny of the Littorininae (Gastropoda: Littorinidae): unequal evolutionary rates, morphological parallelism, and biogeography of the Southern Ocean.. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2003, 1 (1): 60–86. PMID 12801472. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00038-1. (原始内容存档于2012-10-05). 
  10. ^ Blanford W. T. (1869). "Notes on some Indian and Mascarene Land-Shells". Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4)3: 340-344. page 343.

延伸閱讀编辑

David G. Reid, Suzanne T. Williams. The subfamily Littorininae in the Temperate Southern Hemisphere: the genera Nodilittorina, Austrolittorina and Afrolittorina (PDF). Record of the Australian Museum. 2004, 56: 75–122 [2015-02-15]. doi:10.3853/j.0067-1975.56.2004.1393. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2005-01-06). 

外部連結编辑

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