痕量胺相关受体

痕量胺相关受体(英語:Trace amine-associated receptors,简称TAAR,有时也称trace amine receptors)是一种G蛋白偶联受体,于2001年发现。[1][2][3]其中,人类身上六个功能性痕量胺相关受体中的第一个,TAAR1英语TAAR1,因为是痕量胺内源受体这一独特功能而在医学界、制药研究方面备受瞩目——痕量胺是苯丙氨酸色氨酸以及苯丙胺甲基苯丙胺兴奋剂的痕量代谢产物。[4][5][6][7][8][9]2004年的一份研究显示,哺乳动物的TAAR1也是甲状腺激素脱羧碘化代谢产物[6] 脊椎动物的TAAR2至TAAR9也可用作嗅覺受器,探测挥发性[10]

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ Hussain A, Saraiva LR, Korsching SI. Positive Darwinian selection and the birth of an olfactory receptor clade in teleosts. PNAS. 2009, 106 (11): 4313–8. PMC 2657432 . PMID 19237578. doi:10.1073/pnas.0803229106. 
  2. ^ Borowsky B, Adham N, Jones KA, Raddatz R, Artymyshyn R, Ogozalek KL, Durkin MM, Lakhlani PP, Bonini JA, Pathirana S, Boyle N, Pu X, Kouranova E, Lichtblau H, Ochoa FY, Branchek TA, Gerald C. Trace amines: identification of a family of mammalian G protein-coupled receptors. PNAS. 2001, 98 (16): 8966–71. PMC 55357 . PMID 11459929. doi:10.1073/pnas.151105198. 
  3. ^ Bunzow JR, Sonders MS, Arttamangkul S, Harrison LM, Zhang G, Quigley DI, Darland T, Suchland KL, Pasumamula S, Kennedy JL, Olson SB, Magenis RE, Amara SG, Grandy DK. Amphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, lysergic acid diethylamide, and metabolites of the catecholamine neurotransmitters are agonists of a rat trace amine receptor. Mol. Pharmacol. 2001, 60 (6): 1181–8. PMID 11723224. doi:10.1124/mol.60.6.1181. 
  4. ^ Miller GM. The emerging role of trace amine-associated receptor 1 in the functional regulation of monoamine transporters and dopaminergic activity. J. Neurochem. January 2011, 116 (2): 164–176. PMC 3005101 . PMID 21073468. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2010.07109.x. 
  5. ^ Lam VM, Espinoza S, Gerasimov AS, Gainetdinov RR, Salahpour A. In-vivo pharmacology of Trace-Amine Associated Receptor 1. Eur. J. Pharmacol. June 2015, 763: 136–42. PMID 26093041. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2015.06.026. 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Scanlan TS, Suchland KL, Hart ME, Chiellini G, Huang Y, Kruzich PJ, Frascarelli S, Crossley DA, Bunzow JR, Ronca-Testoni S, Lin ET, Hatton D, Zucchi R, Grandy DK. 3-Iodothyronamine is an endogenous and rapid-acting derivative of thyroid hormone. Nat. Med. 2004, 10 (6): 638–42. PMID 15146179. doi:10.1038/nm1051. 
  7. ^ Lindemann L, Hoener MC. A renaissance in trace amines inspired by a novel GPCR family. Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 2005, 26 (5): 274–81. PMID 15860375. doi:10.1016/j.tips.2005.03.007. 
  8. ^ Hart ME, Suchland KL, Miyakawa M, Bunzow JR, Grandy DK, Scanlan TS. Trace amine-associated receptor agonists: synthesis and evaluation of thyronamines and related analogues. J. Med. Chem. 2006, 49 (3): 1101–12. PMID 16451074. doi:10.1021/jm0505718. 
  9. ^ Grandy DK. Trace amine-associated receptor 1-Family archetype or iconoclast?. Pharmacol. Ther. 2007, 116 (3): 355–390. PMC 2767338 . PMID 17888514. doi:10.1016/j.pharmthera.2007.06.007. 
  10. ^ Liberles SD. Trace amine-associated receptors: ligands, neural circuits, and behaviors. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. October 2015, 34: 1–7. PMID 25616211. doi:10.1016/j.conb.2015.01.001.