發表或死亡

發表或死亡(Publish or perish)是研究型大學中教師的一種工作狀態,是指教師为了在学术生涯中取得成功而產生的发表学术論文的压力[1][2][3][4]。發表或死亡的英文最早出現於1928年的一篇期刊文章中[5][6]

学者和他们的赞助机构通過優秀的學術論文吸引外界的關注,这有助于他們獲得资金和繼續他们的學術生涯。而那些不怎麼发表論文的学者或教師,可能会在竞争終身教授时失去优势。由於存在發表論文的压力,有時教師會向学术期刊提交劣質論文[7]。論文的价值通常由刊登論文的学术期刊的声望决定。期刊的好壞可以通過影响因子(IF)来衡量,即該期刊上所发表的文章的平均引用次数[8]

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Publish or perish. Nature. 2010, 467 (7313): 252. Bibcode:2010Natur.467..252.. PMID 20844492. doi:10.1038/467252a . 
  2. ^ Fanelli, D. Enrico , 编. Do Pressures to Publish Increase Scientists' Bias? An Empirical Support from US States Data. PLOS ONE. 2010, 5 (4): e10271. Bibcode:2010PLoSO...510271F. PMC 2858206 . PMID 20422014. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010271. 
  3. ^ Neill, U. S. Publish or perish, but at what cost?. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 2008, 118 (7): 2368. PMC 2439458 . PMID 18596904. doi:10.1172/JCI36371. 
  4. ^ Irons, Jessica G.; Buskist, William. Davis, Stephen F.; Giordano, Peter J.; Licht, Carolyn A. , 编. Chapter 9: Preparing for a Career at a Teaching Institution. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. 2009: 117–132 [6 August 2020]. ISBN 9781405179423. 
  5. ^ Case, Clarence Marsh. Scholarship in Sociology. Sociology and Social Research. 1928, 12: 323–340 [2021-06-18]. ISSN 0038-0393. LCCN sn83004127. OCLC 5088377. (原始内容存档于2021-07-05). 
  6. ^ Doyle, Charles Clay; Mieder, Wolfgang; Shapiro, Fred R. The Dictionary of Modern Proverbs. Yale University Press. 22 May 2012: 209 [2021-06-18]. ISBN 978-0300136029. (原始内容存档于2021-07-04) (英语). 
  7. ^ Gad-El-Hak, M. Publish or Perish—An Ailing Enterprise?. Physics Today. 2004, 57 (3): 61–62. Bibcode:2004PhT....57c..61G. doi:10.1063/1.1712503. 
  8. ^ Liu, Xue-Li; Gai, Shuang-Shuang; Zhou, Jing. Journal Impact Factor: Do the Numerator and Denominator Need Correction?. PLOS ONE. 2016, 11 (3): e0151414. Bibcode:2016PLoSO..1151414L. PMC 4792445 . PMID 26977697. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0151414.