科澤科德扎莫林

科澤科德扎莫林是一個由印度教教徒奈爾階級建立的的世襲王室,該王國中世紀時統治著馬拉巴爾海岸(今印度喀拉拉邦)。卡利卡特扎莫林從12世紀至18世紀統治長達近600年,將首都設在印度南部重要的貿易城市科澤科德[1]

科澤科德扎莫林
കോഴിക്കോട് സാമൂതിരി
12世纪-1806年
1572年,喬治布勞恩筆下的科澤科德。
1572年,喬治布勞恩筆下的科澤科德
地位王國
首都科澤科德
常用语言馬拉雅拉姆文, 梵文
宗教印度教
政府封建君主制
科澤科德的扎莫林 
历史时期中世紀
• 後哲羅王朝滅亡
12世纪
• 被英屬東印度公司吞併
1806年
货币科澤科德法納姆
前身
继承
哲羅
英屬東印度公司

詞源编辑

扎莫林這個名字最早出現在伊本·巴圖塔1342年的著作中。

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ "Zamorin". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 6 May. 2012<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/655668/Zamorin>

延伸阅读编辑

  • H. A. R. Gibb, Ed., Ibn Battuta- Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-1354, New Delhi, Reprint 1986,
  • M. L. Dames, Ed., The Book of Duarte Barbosa, Vol. II, (1812), New Delhi, Reprint 1989,
  • Lieut. M. J. Rawlandson, Ed. & Trans., Tohfut ul Mujahideen, London, 1833
  • Hermann Gundert, Ed., Keralotpatti, in Scaria Zacharia, Ed., Keralotpattiyum Mattum, Kottayam, 1992.
  • Albert Gray, Ed., The Voyage of Francois Pyrard of Laval, Vol. I, (1887), New Delhi, Reprint 2000
  • William Logan, Malabar, Vol. I, (1887), Madras, Reprint 1951
    • Kesavan Veluthat, ‘Logan’s Malabar: Text and Context’ in William Logan, Malabar, Vol. I, (1887), Thiruvananthapuram, 2000
  • K. M. Panikkar, A History of Kerala (1498-1801), Annamalainagar, 1960.
  • P. K. S. Raja, Medieval Kerala, (1953), Calicut, 1966.
  • A. Sreedhara Menon, A Survey of Kerala History, (1967), Madras, 1991
  • N. M. Nampoothiri, Samutiri Caritrattile Kanappurangal, Sukapuram, 1987
  • M. G. S. Narayanan, Perumals of Kerala, Calicut. 1996.
  • S.F. Dale, The Mappilas of Malabar 1498-1922: Islamic Society on the South Asian Frontier, Oxford, 1980
  • Kesavan Veluthat, Brahman Settlements in Kerala: Historical Studies, Calicut, 1978.
  • Genevieve Bouchon, Regent of the Sea: Cannanore's Response to Portuguese Expansion, 1507-1528, Delhi, 1988.
  • Rajan Gurukkal & Raghava Varier, Eds., Cultural History of Kerala, Vol. I, Thiruvananthapuram, 1999.
  • K. V. Krishna Iyer, Zamorins of Calicut: From the Earliest Times to A D 1806. Calicut: Norman Printing Bureau, 1938.
  • M. G. S. Narayanan, Calicut: The City of Truth Revisited Kerala. University of Calicut, 2006
  • M. G. S. Narayanan, Perumals of Kerala: Brahmin Oligarchy and Ritual Monarchy—Political and Social Conditions of Kerala Under the Cera Perumals of Makotai (c. AD 800–AD 1124). Kerala. Calicut University Press, 1996, pp 512.
  • Schwartz, Stuart. Implicit Understandings, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 665 pp, 1994, 302. ISBN 0-521-45880-3
  • Hamilton, Alex. A New Account of the East Indies, Pinkerton's Voyages and Travels, viii. 374
  • Hart, Henry H. The Sea Road to the Indies. New York:MacMillan Company, 1950.
  • Danvers, Frederick Charles. The Portuguese in India. New York:Octagon Books, 1966.

外部連結编辑