第一海務大臣

第一海務大臣(英語:First Sea Lord),亦稱作第一海相,是英國皇家海軍海軍本部的最高軍職,兼任海軍參謀長(英語:Chief of Naval Staff),職銜簡寫ISL/CNS[2]

英國第一海務大臣
兼皇家海軍參謀長
(1SL/CNS)[1]
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
英國皇家海軍旗
US Navy photo 191120-N-BB269-1046 U.S., U.K., Japan Navies Reaffirm Commitment to Increased Cooperation (Tony Radakin cropped).jpg
現任
托尼·罗达金英语Tony Radakin上將

2016年4月就任
英國國防部
直屬英國國防參謀長
提名者英國國防大臣
任命者英國首相
首任約翰·費舍爾元帥
网站官方網站

1827年前,皇家海軍最高級軍官為海軍元帥(英語:Admiral of the Fleet)。此稱謂後來成為軍階。

1809年以前,海軍軍官間中兼任海軍大臣。1809年以後,海軍大臣一職概由政治任命之文職人員擔任,而此職位長時間同時為內閣閣員。至於第一海務大臣,則為職業海軍軍官最高職位,受海軍大臣節制。

第一海務大臣一銜由1828年起給予海軍本部最高級軍官。

1964年英國海軍本部裁併入國防部後,第一海務大臣仍繼續保留。而原海軍大臣則遭取消。

現時第一海務大臣為参谋长委员会成員,與其他軍種輪任委员会主席(兼英國國防參謀長)一職。

历任第一海務大臣编辑

任次 肖像 Name 就职 离职 任职时间 Ref
Senior Naval Lords
1Herbert, ArthurAdmiral
Arthur Herbert
(c.1648–1716)
8 March 168920 January 1690318天[3]
2Chicheley, John海军上将
Sir John Chicheley
(c.1640–1691)
20 January 16905 June 1690136天[3]
3Russell, EdwardAdmiral
Edward Russell
(1653–1727)
5 June 169023 January 1691232天[3]
4Priestman, HenryCaptain
Henry Priestman
(c.1647–1712)
23 January 16912 May 16943岁99天[3]
(3)Russell, EdwardAdmiral
Earl of Orford
(1653–1727)
2 May 169431 May 16995岁29天[3]
5Rooke, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Rooke
(1650–1709)
31 May 169926 January 17022岁240天[3]
6Leake, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Leake
(1656–1720)
8 November 17094 October 1710330天[4]
7Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
4 October 171030 September 17121岁362天[4]
(6)Leake, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Leake
(1656–1720)
30 September 171214 October 17142岁14天[4]
(7)Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
14 October 171416 April 17172岁184天[4]
8Aylmer, MatthewAdmiral
Matthew Aylmer
(c.1650–1720)
16 April 171719 March 1718337天[4]
(7)Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
19 March 171830 September 17213岁195天[4]
9Jennings, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Jennings
(1664–1743)
30 September 17211 June 17275岁244天[4]
10Norris, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Norris
(c.1670–1749)
1 June 172713 May 17302岁346天[4]
11Wager, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Wager
(1666–1743)
13 May 173023 June 17333岁41天[4]
12Hamilton, ArchibaldAdmiral
Lord Archibald Hamilton
(1673–1754)
23 June 173313 March 17384岁263天[4]
13Powlett, HarryAdmiral
Lord Harry Powlett
(1691–1759)
13 March 173819 March 17424岁6天[4]
(12)Hamilton, ArchibaldAdmiral
Lord Archibald Hamilton
(1673–1754)
19 March 174225 March 17464岁6天[4]
14Beauclerk, VereAdmiral
Lord Vere Beauclerk
(1699–1781)
25 March 174618 November 17493岁238天[4]
15Anson, GeorgeAdmiral
Lord Anson
(1697–1762)
18 November 174922 June 17511岁216天[4]
16Rowley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Rowley
(c.1690–1768)
22 June 175117 November 17565岁148天[4]
17Boscawen, EdwardVice Admiral
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
(1711–1761)
17 November 17566 April 1757140天[4]
(16)Rowley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Rowley
(c.1690–1768)
6 April 17572 July 175787天[4]
(17)Boscawen, EdwardAdmiral
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
(1711–1761)
2 July 175719 March 17613岁260天[4]
18Forbes, JohnAdmiral
The Honourable John Forbes
(1714–1796)
19 March 176120 April 17632岁32天[4]
19Howe, RichardAdmiral
Earl Howe
(1726–1799)
20 April 176331 July 17652岁102天[4]
20Saunders, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Saunders
(c.1715–1775)
31 July 176515 September 17661岁46天[4]
21Keppel, AugustusRear Admiral
The Honourable Augustus Keppel
(1725–1786)
15 September 176611 December 176687天[4]
22Brett, PeircyRear Admiral
Sir Peircy Brett
(1709–1781)
11 December 176628 February 17703岁79天[4]
23Holburne, FrancisAdmiral
Sir Francis Holburne
(1704–1771)
28 February 17702 February 1771339天[4]
First Naval Lords
24Hervey, AugustusVice Admiral
Augustus Hervey
(1724–1779)
2 February 177112 April 17754岁69天[5]
25Palliser, HughVice Admiral
Sir Hugh Palliser
(1723–1796)
12 April 177523 September 17794岁164天[5]
26Palliser, HughVice Admiral
Robert Man
23 September 177922 September 1780365天[5]
27Darby, GeorgeVice Admiral
George Darby
(c.1720–1790)
22 September 17801 April 17821岁191天[5]
28Harland, RobertAdmiral
Sir Robert Harland
(c.1715–1784)
1 April 178230 January 1783304天[5]
29Pigot, HughAdmiral
Hugh Pigot
(1722–1792)
30 January 178331 December 1783335天[5]
30Leveson-Gower, JohnRear Admiral
John Leveson-Gower
(1740–1792)
31 December 178312 August 17895岁224天[5]
31Hood, SamuelVice Admiral
Lord Hood
(1724–1816)
12 August 17897 March 17955岁207天[5]
32Middleton, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Middleton
(1726–1813)
7 March 179520 November 1795258天[5]
33Gambier, JamesRear Admiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
20 November 179519 February 18015岁91天[5]
34Troubridge, ThomasRear Admiral
Sir Thomas Troubridge
(c. 1758–1807)
19 February 180115 May 18043岁86天[5]
(33)Gambier JamesVice Admiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
15 May 180410 February 18061岁271天[5]
35Markham, JohnRear Admiral
John Markham
(1761–1827)
10 February 18066 April 18071岁55天[5]
(33)Gambier, JamesAdmiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
6 April 18079 May 18081岁33天[5]
36Bickerton, RichardVice Admiral
Sir Richard Bickerton
(1759–1832)
9 May 180825 March 18123岁321天[5]
37Domett, WilliamVice Admiral
William Domett
(1752–1828)
25 March 181223 October 18131岁212天[5]
38Yorke, JosephVice Admiral
Sir Joseph Yorke
(1768–1831)
23 October 181324 May 18162岁214天[5]
39Moore, GrahamVice Admiral
Sir Graham Moore
(1764–1843)
24 May 181613 March 18203岁294天[5]
40Johnstone Hope, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Johnstone Hope
(1766–1831)
13 March 18202 May 18277岁50天[5]
41Cockburn, GeorgeVice Admiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
19 September 182825 November 18302岁67天[6]
42Hardy, ThomasRear Admiral
Sir Thomas Hardy
(1769–1839)
25 November 18301 August 18343岁249天[6]
43Dundas, GeorgeRear Admiral
The Hon. Sir George Dundas
(1778–1834)
1 August 18341 November 183492天[6]
44Adam, CharlesRear Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
1 November 183423 December 183452天[6]
(41)Cockburn, GeorgeVice Admiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
23 December 183425 April 1835123天[6]
(44)Adam, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
25 April 18358 September 18416岁197天[6]
(41)Cockburn, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
8 September 184113 July 18464岁308天[6]
45Parker, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Parker
(1781–1866)
13 July 184624 July 184611天[6]
(44)Adam, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
24 July 184620 July 1847361天[6]
46Dundas, JamesRear Admiral
Sir James Dundas
(1785–1862)
20 July 184713 February 18524岁208天[6]
47Berkeley, MauriceRear Admiral
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
(1788–1867)
13 February 18522 March 185218天[6]
48Parker, HydeVice Admiral
Hyde Parker
(1784–1854)
2 March 185226 May 18542岁85天[6]
(47)Berkeley, MauriceVice Admiral
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
(1788–1867)
26 May 185424 November 18572岁182天[6]
48Dundas, RichardVice Admiral
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
(1802–1861)
24 November 18578 March 1858104天[6]
49Martin, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Martin
(1801–1895)
8 March 185828 June 18591岁112天[6]
(48)Dundas, RichardVice Admiral
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
(1802–1861)
28 June 185915 June 18611岁352天[6]
50Grey, FrederickAdmiral
The Hon. Sir Frederick Grey
(1805–1878)
15 June 186113 July 18665岁28天[6]
51Milne, AlexanderVice Admiral
Sir Alexander Milne
(1806–1896)
13 July 186618 December 18682岁158天[6]
52Dacres, SydneyAdmiral
Sir Sydney Dacres
(1804–1884)
18 December 186827 November 18723岁345天[6]
(51)Milne, AlexanderAdmiral
Sir Alexander Milne
(1806–1896)
27 November 18727 September 18763岁285天[7]
53Yelverton, HastingsAdmiral
Sir Hastings Yelverton
(1808–1878)
7 September 18765 November 18771岁59天[7]
54Wellesley, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Wellesley
(1814–1901)
5 November 187712 August 18791岁280天[7]
55Key, AstleyAdmiral
Sir Astley Cooper Key
(1821–1888)
12 August 18791 July 18855岁323天[7]
56Hood, ArthurAdmiral
Sir Arthur Hood
(1824–1901)
1 July 188515 February 1886229天[7]
57Hay, JohnAdmiral
Lord John Hay
(1827–1916)
15 February 18869 August 1886175天[7]
(56)Hood, ArthurAdmiral
Sir Arthur Hood
(1824–1901)
9 August 188624 October 18893岁76天[7]
58Hamilton, RichardAdmiral
Sir Richard Hamilton
(1829–1912)
24 October 188928 September 18911岁339天[7]
59Hoskins, AnthonyAdmiral
Sir Anthony Hoskins
(1828–1901)
28 September 18911 November 18932岁34天[7]
60Richards, FrederickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Frederick Richards
(1833–1912)
1 November 189319 August 18995岁291天[7]
61Kerr, WalterAdmiral of the Fleet
Lord Walter Kerr
(1839–1927)
19 August 189921 October 19045岁63天[8]
First Sea Lords
62Fisher, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Fisher
(1841–1920)
21 October 190425 January 19105岁96天[9]
63Wilson, ArthurAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Arthur Wilson
(1842–1921)
25 January 19105 December 19111岁314天[10]
64Bridgeman, FrancisAdmiral
Sir Francis Bridgeman
(1848–1929)
5 December 19119 December 19121岁4天[11]
65Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral
Prince Louis of Battenberg
(1854–1921)
9 December 191230 October 19141岁325天[12]
(62)Fisher, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Fisher
(1841–1920)
30 October 191415 May 1915197天[13]
66Jackson, HenryAdmiral
Sir Henry Jackson
(1855–1929)
15 May 191530 November 19161岁199天[14]
67Jellicoe, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Jellicoe
(1859–1935)
30 November 191610 January 19181岁41天[15]
68Wemyss, RosslynAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Rosslyn Wemyss
(1864–1933)
10 January 19181 November 19191岁295天[16]
69Beatty, DavidAdmiral of the Fleet
The Earl Beatty
(1871–1936)
1 November 191930 July 19277岁271天[17]
70Madden, CharlesAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Charles Madden
(1862–1935)
30 July 192730 July 19303岁0天[18]
71Field, FrederickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Frederick Field
(1871–1945)
30 July 193021 January 19332岁175天[19]
72Chatfield, ErnleAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Chatfield
(1873–1967)
21 January 19337 September 19385岁229天[20]
73Backhouse, RogerAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Roger Backhouse
(1878–1939)
7 September 193812 June 1939278天[21]
74Pound, DudleyAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Dudley Pound
(1877–1943)
12 June 193915 October 19434岁125天[22]
75Cunningham, AndrewAdmiral of the Fleet
The Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope
(1883–1963)
15 October 194324 May 19462岁221天[23]
76Cunningham, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Cunningham
(1885–1962)
24 May 194629 September 19482岁128天[24]
77Fraser, BruceAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Fraser of North Cape
(1888–1981)
29 September 194820 December 19513岁82天[25]
78McGrigor, RhoderickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Rhoderick McGrigor
(1893–1959)
20 December 195118 April 19553岁119天[26]
79Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral of the Fleet
第一代緬甸的蒙巴頓伯爵路易·蒙巴頓
(1900–1979)
18 April 195519 October 19594岁184天[27]
80Lambe, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Lambe
(1900–1960)
19 October 195923 May 1960217天[28]
81John, CasparAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Caspar John
(1903–1984)
23 May 19607 August 19633岁76天[29]
82Luce, DavidAdmiral
Sir David Luce
(1906–1971)
7 August 196315 March 19662岁220天[30]
83Begg, VarylAdmiral
Sir Varyl Begg
(1908–1995)
15 March 196612 August 19682岁150天[31]
84Fanu, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Le Fanu
(1913–1970)
12 August 19683 July 19701岁325天[32]
85Hill, PeterAdmiral
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
(1915–2004)
3 July 19709 April 1971280天[33]
86Pollock, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Pollock
(1916–2006)
9 April 19711 March 19742岁326天[34]
87Ashmore, EdwardAdmiral
Sir Edward Ashmore
(1919–2016)
1 March 19749 February 19772岁345天[35]
88Lewin, TerenceAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Terence Lewin
(1920–1999)
1 March 19776 July 19792岁127天[36]
89Leach, HenryAdmiral
Sir Henry Leach
(1923–2011)
6 July 19791 December 19823岁148天[37]
90Fieldhouse, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Fieldhouse
(1928–1992)
1 December 19822 August 19852岁244天[38]
91Staveley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Staveley
(1928–1997)
2 August 198525 May 19893岁296天[39]
92Oswald, JulianAdmiral
Sir Julian Oswald
(1933–2011)
25 May 19892 March 19933岁281天[40]
93Bathurst, BenjaminAdmiral
Sir Benjamin Bathurst
(出生于1936)
2 March 199310 July 19952岁130天[41]
94Slater, JockAdmiral
Sir Jock Slater
(出生于1938)
10 July 19958 October 19983岁90天[42]
95Boyce, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Boyce
(出生于1943)
8 October 199816 January 20012岁100天[42]
96Essenhigh, NigelAdmiral
Sir Nigel Essenhigh
(出生于1944)
16 January 200117 September 20021岁244天[43]
97West, AlanAdmiral
Sir Alan West
(出生于1948)
17 September 20026 February 20063岁142天[42]
98Band, JonathonAdmiral
Sir Jonathon Band
(出生于1950)
6 February 200621 July 20093岁165天[42]
99Stanhope, MarkAdmiral
Sir Mark Stanhope
(出生于1952)
21 July 20099 April 20133岁262天[42]
100Zambellas, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Zambellas
(出生于1958)
9 April 20138 April 20162岁365天[44]
101Jones, PhilipAdmiral
Sir Philip Jones
(出生于1960)
8 April 201619 June 20193岁72天[45]
102Radakin, TonyAdmiral
Tony Radakin
(出生于1965)
19 June 2019现任2岁122天[46][47]
103Key, BenVice-Admiral
Ben Key
(出生于1965)
候任
  1. ^ Archives, The National. Admiralty: Office of the First Sea Lord, later First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff: Correspondence and Papers. discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives. UK. [2017-02-06]. (原始内容存档于2017-02-06). 
  2. ^ 注意「第一海務大臣」與「海軍大臣 」(英語:First Lord of the Admiralty, 簡作First Lord,亦譯作「第一海軍大臣」)為兩個不同職位。在近現代,後者是政務官,而前者是軍官職位,雖然中文習慣譯作“大臣”,但實際性質是武將而不是文官。
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Rodger 1979,第34頁.
  4. ^ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 Rodger, p. 51-52
  5. ^ 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 Rodger 1979,第69頁.
  6. ^ 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 Sainty 1975,第18–31頁.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 The Commissioners ("Lords") of the Admiralty 1828 – 1895. W Loney RN. [25 January 2014]. (原始内容存档于2020-04-20). 
  8. ^ Heathcote 2002,第144頁.
  9. ^ Mackay 1973,第315頁.
  10. ^ Heathcote 2002,第268頁.
  11. ^ Admiral Sir Francis Bridgeman. 牛津國家人物傳記大辭典 線上版. 牛津大學出版社. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32062.  需要订阅或英国公共图书馆会员资格
  12. ^ Kerr 1934,第238頁.
  13. ^ Heathcote 2002,第83頁.
  14. ^ Heathcote 2002,第127頁.
  15. ^ Heathcote 2002,第130頁.
  16. ^ Heathcote 2002,第252頁.
  17. ^ Heathcote 2002,第26頁.
  18. ^ Heathcote 2002,第164頁.
  19. ^ Heathcote 2002,第75頁.
  20. ^ Heathcote 2002,第42頁.
  21. ^ Heathcote 2002,第21頁.
  22. ^ Heathcote 2002,第217頁.
  23. ^ Heathcote 2002,第60頁.
  24. ^ Heathcote 2002,第63頁.
  25. ^ Heathcote 2002,第90頁.
  26. ^ Heathcote 2002,第162頁.
  27. ^ Heathcote 2002,第189頁.
  28. ^ Heathcote 2002,第150頁.
  29. ^ Heathcote 2002,第139頁.
  30. ^ Sir David Luce. Unit Histories. [25 January 2014]. (原始内容存档于2017-09-12). 
  31. ^ Heathcote 2002,第29頁.
  32. ^ Heathcote 2002,第155頁.
  33. ^ Heathcote 2002,第115頁.
  34. ^ Heathcote 2002,第214頁.
  35. ^ Heathcote 2002,第16頁.
  36. ^ Heathcote 2002,第158頁.
  37. ^ Heathcote 2002,第152頁.
  38. ^ Heathcote 2002,第78頁.
  39. ^ Heathcote 2002,第235頁.
  40. ^ Heathcote 2002,第204頁.
  41. ^ Heathcote 2002,第23頁.
  42. ^ 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 42.4 Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-408-11414-8
  43. ^ Sir Nigel Essenhigh. University of Exeter. [25 January 2014]. (原始内容存档于3 February 2014). 
  44. ^ Admiral Zambellas new First Sea Lord. Inside Government. 9 April 2013 [25 January 2014]. (原始内容存档于2019-12-23). 
  45. ^ Admiral Sir Philip Jones takes over as First Sea Lord. Royal Navy. 8 April 2016 [8 April 2016]. (原始内容存档于2020-05-03). 
  46. ^ 引用错误:没有为名为Radakin的参考文献提供内容
  47. ^ A 'generation of innovators' has been appointed to run the military in a shake-up of the top ranks of the Army, Navy and RAF. The Daily Telegraph. 3 December 2018 [3 December 2018]. (原始内容存档于2019-12-20) (英语).