絨毛鯊屬

绒毛鲨属学名Cephaloscyllium)是猫鲨科的一屬。

絨毛鯊屬
化石时期:中新世–现代[1]
Cephaloscyllium laticeps 1.jpg
澳洲絨毛鯊 C. laticeps
科学分类 e
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 软骨鱼纲 Chondrichthyes
目: 真鲨目 Carcharhiniformes
科: 猫鲨科 Scyliorhinidae
属: 绒毛鲨属 Cephaloscyllium
T. N. Gill, 1862
模式种
澳洲絨毛鯊 C. laticeps
A. H. A. Duméril 1853

系统发育与演化史编辑

形态和分子的系统发育分析表示绒毛鲨属的近亲是猫鲨属长须猫鲨属,是真鲨目的基干进化支,属于猫鲨亚科(Scyliorhininae[2][3]。已确认最早的化石来自中新世时期的加利福尼亚州[1],根据DNA研究表示绒毛鲨属的历史可能要追溯到白垩纪[3]

物种编辑

所包括的物种如下:

  • Cephaloscyllium albipinnum Last, Motomura & W. T. White, 2008
  • Cephaloscyllium cooki Last, Séret & W. T. White, 2008
  • 網紋絨毛鯊 Cephaloscyllium fasciatum W. L. Y. Chan, 1966
  • Cephaloscyllium hiscosellum W. T. White & Ebert, 2008
  • 真陰影絨毛鯊 Cephaloscyllium isabellum Bonnaterre, 1788:又稱頭鮫。
  • 澳洲絨毛鯊 Cephaloscyllium laticeps A. H. A. Duméril, 1853
  • Cephaloscyllium pictum Last, Séret & W. T. White, 2008
  • Cephaloscyllium sarawakensis Ka. Yano, A. Ahmad & Gambang, 2005
  • Cephaloscyllium signourum Last, Séret & W. T. White, 2008
  • 印度絨毛鯊 Cephaloscyllium silasi Talwar, 1974
  • Cephaloscyllium speccum Last, Séret & W. T. White, 2008
  • Cephaloscyllium stevensi E. Clark & J. E. Randall, 2011
  • 南非絨毛鯊 Cephaloscyllium sufflans Regan, 1921
  • 陰影絨毛鯊 Cephaloscyllium umbratile D. S. Jordan & Fowler, 1903
  • Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last, Séret & W. T. White, 2008
  • 東太平洋絨毛鯊 Cephaloscyllium ventriosum Garman, 1880
  • Cephaloscyllium zebrum Last, Séret & W. T. White, 2008

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 Williams, G.S. (1999). Neoselachii. A Listing of Fossil sharks and Rays of the World. Retrieved on February 14, 2010.
  2. ^ Compagno, L.J.V. (2003). Sharks of the order Carcharhiniformes. Blackburn Press. pp. 110–115, 392. ISBN 1-930665-76-8.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Schaaf-Da Silva, J.A. (December 2007). A Taxonomic Revision of the North Pacific Swell Sharks, Genus Cephaloscyllium. M.Sc. Thesis, San José State University.