打开主菜单

美国南部边界国家紧急状态

2019年2月15日,美国总统唐纳德·特朗普宣布美国南部边境进入国家紧急状态。有評論指他自相矛盾[1][2][3] 宣佈之後,他乘坐飛機高爾夫球場(Trump International Golf Club)渡過週末[4]

概述编辑

2019年2月15日, 美國共和黨籍的總統唐納·川普在向國會要求的57億美元修建美墨邊境墙,在最後的預算案中卻只獲得不到14億美金的資金。川普因此宣佈進入全國緊急狀態。川普政府計劃從国防部的預算中將幾十億轉用於修建隔離牆的軍事建設項目[5]

基本上,反對黨民主党鮮有人支持川普決定。參議員柯瑞·布克卡斯特罗克罗布彻陸天娜贺锦丽桑德斯等人公開表示反對。[6][7][8][9][10][11]

另外,加利福尼亞、科罗拉多、康涅狄格、特拉华、夏威夷、伊利诺伊、缅因、马里兰、密歇根、明尼苏达、内华达、新泽西、新墨西哥、纽约、俄勒冈和弗吉尼亚等州提起法院訴訟。[12]

2019年2月27日,民主党掌控的美國國會眾議院通過了一項決議, 阻止總統川普藉由宣佈全國進入緊急狀態,挪用數十億美元的聯邦資金而取得修建美墨邊境牆的费用[5]

2019年3月15日,共和党掌控的美国参议院以59票对41票驳回了美国南部边界进入国家紧急状态的行政令。有12名共和党参议员投了反对票[13]

2019年3月16日,美国总统特朗普行使否决权,否决了参众两院终止其国家紧急状态的决议[14]。​​​​

2019年3月26日,美国国会众议院就推翻总统特朗普否决国会两院叫停美墨边境“国家紧急状态”决议举行投票,最终投票结果是248票赞成、181票反对,未能达到推翻否决令所需的至少290张赞成票,无法推翻特朗普这一否决令[15]

2019年4月5日,美国国会众议院美国哥伦比亚特区联邦地区法院提起诉讼,指控特朗普政府逾越宪法授予的行政权力,在没有适用的国会拨款的情况下,动用国会拨给其他政府部门的资金,支出多达81亿美元修建边境墙,违反了拨款条款和宪法分权原则[16]

2019年9月下旬,美国参议院和美国国会众议院再度叫停美国南部边境国家紧急状态[17][18]

参考来源编辑

  1. ^ Fritze, John; Collins, Michael. 'I didn't need to do this.' Critics say Trump quote undercuts national emergency for border wall. USA Today. February 16, 2019 [February 17, 2019]. 
  2. ^ Forgey, Quint. 'I didn’t need to do this': Dems pounce on Trump's national emergency admission. Politico. February 16, 2019 [February 17, 2019]. 
  3. ^ Blake, Aaron. Analysis | ‘I didn’t need to do this’: Trump just kneecapped his own case for a ‘national emergency’. Washington Post. February 15, 2019 [February 17, 2019]. 
  4. ^ de Moraes, Lisa. John Oliver: Donald Trump Hits Omelette Bar After Declaring National Emergency. Deadline Hollywood. 2019-02-17 [2019-02-19]. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 美眾議院提案終止緊急狀態 川普決意駁回
  6. ^ Booker, Cory. Trump’s inability to follow through on a campaign promise is not a national emergency. Let’s not forget those still struggling to rebuild their lives after this administration failed to respond effectively to real emergencies in places like Puerto Rico. February 14, 2019 [February 15, 2019]. 
  7. ^ Castro, Julián. The reports of the President’s threat to declare an emergency to use federal funding to build a border wall are appalling. It would amount to an abuse of power that should be immediately challenged in the courts. February 14, 2019 [February 15, 2019]. 
  8. ^ Klobuchar, Amy. We’re tired of being governed by chaos. The Congress has spoken on a bipartisan basis. Not getting what you want to fulfill a campaign promise/chant is not a national emergency.. February 14, 2019 [February 15, 2019]. 
  9. ^ Gillibrand, Kirsten. Let's be clear on this: The only emergency at our border is the humanitarian one Trump created himself, by demonizing and ripping apart families. This manufactured crisis is racist, wasteful, and an outrageous abuse of power from someone too reckless and hateful to hold it.. February 15, 2019 [February 15, 2019]. 
  10. ^ Harris, Kamala. We should do something about the actual emergencies that plague our nation — like climate change or health care access — not playing politics in order to build a wasteful border wall.. February 15, 2019. 
  11. ^ Sanders, Bernie. There is no "national emergency," and Trump cannot build his wall without congressional approval. Twitter. [2019-02-20]. 
  12. ^ California, New York and 14 other states sue over Trump’s national emergency. NBC News. 
  13. ^ 美参议院正式对特朗普宣布国家紧急状态说不
  14. ^ 特朗普首次行使否决权 否决国会终止紧急状态决议
  15. ^ 美国会众议院未能推翻总统否决令
  16. ^ 美国会众议院就特朗普宣布“国家紧急状态”提起诉讼
  17. ^ 叫板白宫?美参议院再次投票终止“紧急状态”
  18. ^ 美国会再次通过决议叫停南部边境“国家紧急状态”