美國州鳥列表

美國州鳥列表列出了美國各州的選出州鳥。各州州鳥自1927年開始選拔,第一批選出州鳥的是阿拉巴馬州佛羅里達州緬因州密蘇里州俄勒岡州德克薩斯州懷俄明州。1973年亞利桑那州成為最後一個選出州鳥的州。阿拉斯加州加利福尼亞州南達科他州賓夕法尼亞州允許狩獵州鳥,而阿拉巴馬州、佐治亞州馬薩諸塞州南卡羅來納州田納西州還額外選出了“州獵鳥”(state game bird)以供狩獵。北美紅雀是七個州的州鳥,僅次於它的是西美草地鹨,後者是六個州的州鳥。

列表编辑

美國各州 州鳥 學名 圖像 年份
阿拉巴馬州 北撲翅鴷(Northern Flicker,州鳥) Colaptes auratus   1927[1]
野火雞(Wild Turkey,州獵鳥) Meleagris gallopavo   1980[2]
阿拉斯加州 柳松雞(Willow Ptarmigan) Lagopus lagopus   1955[3]
亞利桑那州 棕曲嘴鷦鷯(Cactus Wren) Campylorhynchus
brunneicapillus
  1973[4]
阿肯色州 北方嘲鸫(Northern Mockingbird) Mimus polyglottos   1929[5]
加利福尼亞州 加利福尼亞鶉(California Quail) Callipepla californica   1931[6]
科羅拉多州 鷚鵐(Lark Bunting) Calamospiza melanocorys   1931[7]
康涅狄格州 旅鶇(American Robin) Turdus migratorius   1943[8]
特拉華州 原雞(Blue Hen Chicken) Gallus gallus 1939[9]
佛羅里達州 北方嘲鸫(Northern Mockingbird) Mimus polyglottos   1927[10]
佐治亞州 棕鶇(Brown Thrasher,州鳥) Toxostoma rufum   1928[11]
北美鶉(Bobwhite Quail,州獵鳥) Colinus virginianus   1970[12]
夏威夷州 夏威夷黑雁(Nēnē或Hawaiian Goose) Branta sandvicensis   1957[13]
愛達荷州 山藍鴝(Mountain Bluebird) Sialia currucoides   1931[14]
伊利諾伊州 北美紅雀(Northern Cardinal) Cardinalis cardinalis   1928[15]
印第安納州 北美紅雀(Northern Cardinal) Cardinalis cardinalis   1933[16]
愛荷華州 北美金翅雀(Eastern Goldfinch) Carduelis tristis   1933[17]
堪薩斯州 西美草地鹨(Western Meadowlark) Sturnella neglecta   1933[18]
肯塔基州 北美红雀(Northern Cardinal) Cardinalis cardinalis   1942[19]
路易斯安那州 褐鵜鶘(Brown Pelican) Pelecanus occidentalis   1966[20]
緬因州 黑冕山雀(Black-capped Chickadee) Poecile atricapilla   1927[21]
馬里蘭州 巴爾迪摩金黃鸝鳥(Baltimore Oriole) Icterus galbula   1947[22]
馬薩諸塞州 黑冕山雀(Black-capped Chickadee,州鳥) Poecile atricapilla   1941[23]
野火雞(Wild Turkey,州獵鳥) Meleagris gallopavo   1991[24]
密歇根州 旅鶇(American Robin) Turdus migratorius   1931[25]
明尼蘇達州 普通潛鳥(Common Loon) Gavia immer   1961[26]
密西西比州 北方嘲鶇(Northern Mockingbird) Mimus polyglottos   1944[27]
林鴛鴦(Wood duck,州水鳥) Aix sponsa   1974[28]
密蘇里州 東藍鴝(Eastern Bluebird) Sialia sialis   1927[29]
蒙大拿州 西美草地鹨(Western Meadowlark) Sturnella neglecta   1941[30]
內布拉斯加州 西美草地鹨(Western Meadowlark) Sturnella neglecta   1929[31]
內華達州 山蓝鸲(Mountain Bluebird) Sialia currucoides   1967[32]
新罕布什爾州 紫織布鳥(Purple Finch) Carpodacus purpureus   1957[33]
新澤西州 美洲金翅雀(Eastern Goldfinch) Carduelis tristis   1935[34]
新墨西哥州 走鵑(Roadrunner) Geococcyx californianus   1949[35]
紐約州 东蓝鸲(Eastern Bluebird) Sialia sialis   1970[36]
北卡羅來納州 北美紅雀(Northern Cardinal) Cardinalis cardinalis   1943[37]
北達科他州 西美草地鹨(Western Meadowlark) Sturnella neglecta   1970[38]
俄亥俄州 北美紅雀(Northern Cardinal) Cardinalis cardinalis   1933[39]
俄克拉荷馬州 鉗尾鳥(Scissor-tailed Flycatcher) Tyrannus forficatus   1951[40]
俄勒岡州 西美草地鹨(Western Meadowlark) Sturnella neglecta   1927[41]
賓夕法尼亞州 披肩雞(Ruffed Grouse) Bonasa umbellus   1931[42]
羅德島州 原雞(Rhode Island Red Chicken) Gallus gallus   1954[43]
南卡羅來納州 北方嘲鸫(Northern Mockingbird,前州鳥) Mimus polyglottos   1939 -
1948[44]
皇葦鷦鷯(Carolina Wren) Thryothorus ludovicianus   1948[44]
野火雞(Wild Turkey,州獵鳥) Meleagris gallopavo   1976[45]
南達科他州 雉雞(Ring-necked Pheasant) Phasianus colchicus   1943[46]
田納西州 北方嘲鸫(Northern Mockingbird) Mimus polyglottos   1933[47]
北美鶉(Bobwhite Quail,州獵鳥) Colinus virginianus   1987[48]
德克薩斯州 北方嘲鸫(Northern Mockingbird) Mimus polyglottos   1927[49]
猶他州 加州鷗(California Gull) Larus californicus   1955[50]
佛蒙特州 隱居鶇(Hermit Thrush) Catharus guttatus   1941[51]
弗吉尼亞州 北美紅雀(Northern Cardinal) Cardinalis cardinalis   1950[52]
華盛頓州 美洲金翅雀(Willow Goldfinch) Carduelis tristis   1951[53]
西弗吉尼亞州 北美紅雀(Northern Cardinal) Cardinalis cardinalis   1949[54]
威斯康星州 旅鶇(American Robin) Turdus migratorius   1949[55]
懷俄明州 西美草地鹨(Western Meadowlark) Sturnella neglecta   1927[56]
其他 州鳥 學名 圖像 年份
哥倫比亞特區 黃褐森鶇(Wood Thrush) Hylocichla mustelina   1938[57]
關島 關島秧雞(Guam Rail) Gallirallus owstoni   ?
北馬里亞那群島 馬里亞納果鳩(Mariana Fruit-dove) Ptilinopus roseicapilla   ?
波多黎各 波多纹头唐纳雀(Puerto Rican Spindalis) Spindalis portoricensis ?
美屬維京群島 蕉林鶯(Bananaquit) Coereba flaveola   1970

參考文獻编辑

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