美國的深層政府

美國的深層政府是一個陰謀論,一些作家聲稱它是由聯邦政府、金融和工業界高层的人士组成的秘密網絡,他們進一步聲稱它是一個隱藏的政府,與合法的當選美國政府并行或在其內部行使国家權力。[1][2][3][4][5]认为存在這樣的“深層政府”的說法是陰謀論。[6][7][8][9][10]

作家邁克·洛夫格倫(Mike Lofgren)認為存在着“一個由政府和部分金融、工業界高层联手组成的混合组织在实际上操纵着美國,而它未曾由被统治者通過正式政治程序表达认同”[11]或者把“深層政府”視為職業政客和公務員中普遍存在的腐敗現象。[12]紐約時報[13]和《紐約觀察家報》的作家已經駁斥了“深層政府”理論。[14]邁阿密大學教授約瑟夫·烏辛斯基說,“這一概念在陰謀論者中一直非常流行,不管他們稱之為深度政府還是其他什麼”。[15]

参考资料编辑

注释编辑

  1. ^ Hafford, Michael. Deep State: Inside Donald Trump's Paranoid Conspiracy Theory. Rolling Stone. 2017-03-09 [2021-12-14] (美国英语). 
  2. ^ Willis, Oliver. The Alex Jones influence: Trump's "deep state" fears come from his conspiracy theorist ally and adviser. Salon. 2017-03-10 [2021-12-14] (英语). 
  3. ^ Jack Goldsmith. The 'deep state' is real. But are its leaks against Trump justified?. the Guardian. 2018-04-22 [2021-12-14] (英语). 
  4. ^ Nast, Condé. Trump vs. the “Deep State”. The New Yorker. 2018-05-14 [2021-12-14] (美国英语). 
  5. ^ Fallows, James. The Impending Senate Vote on Confirming Nominees. The Atlantic. 2013-07-15 [2021-12-14] (英语). 
  6. ^ Barnes, Julian E.; Goldman, Adam; Savage, Charlie. Blaming the Deep State: Officials Accused of Wrongdoing Adopt Trump’s Response. The New York Times. 2018-12-18 [2021-12-14]. ISSN 0362-4331 (美国英语). 
  7. ^ Rupar, Aaron. Trump accidentally undercuts his own "deep state" FBI conspiracy theory. Vox. 2019-06-17 [2021-12-14] (英语). 
  8. ^ Rothkopf, David. The Shallow State. Foreign Policy. [2021-12-14] (美国英语). 
  9. ^ How paranoia about the ‘deep state’ brought down a president. Washington Post. [2021-12-14]. ISSN 0190-8286 (美国英语). 
  10. ^ Blake, Aaron (March 28, 2019) "Trump and Hannity binge on conspiracy theories in Trump's first post-Mueller Fox News interview" The Washington Post
  11. ^ Essay: Anatomy of the Deep State. BillMoyers.com. 2014-02-21 [2021-12-14] (美国英语). 
  12. ^ Jessop, Bob. The State: Past, Present, Future. John Wiley & Sons. December 2015: 224. 
  13. ^ Taub, Amanda; Fisher, Max. As Leaks Multiply, Fears of a ‘Deep State’ in America. The New York Times. 2017-02-17 [2021-12-14]. ISSN 0362-4331 (美国英语). 
  14. ^ Rebellion Brews in Washington—But American ‘Deep State’ Is Only a Myth. Observer. 2017-02-22 [2021-12-14] (美国英语). 
  15. ^ How the "deep state" conspiracy theory went mainstream. Newsweek. 2017-08-02 [2021-12-14] (英语). 

批判深層國家陰謀論的書籍编辑