黃鼠屬

(重定向自美洲黃鼠屬

黃鼠屬(学名:Spermophilus),哺乳綱囓齒目松鼠科的一屬,而與黃鼠屬同科的動物尚有馬尾松鼠屬(馬尾松鼠)、山松鼠屬(巴拿馬山松鼠)、細趾黃鼠屬(細趾黃鼠)、松鼠屬(松鼠)等之數種哺乳動物

黄鼠属
Spermophilus fulvus.jpg
沙黄鼠Spermophilus fulvus
科学分类 e
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 哺乳纲 Mammalia
目: 啮齿目 Rodentia
科: 松鼠科 Sciuridae
亚科: 非洲地松鼠亚科 Xerinae
族: 地松鼠族 Marmotini
属: 黄鼠属 Spermophilus
F. Cuvier, 1825
異名
  • Citellus Oken, 1816
  • Citillus Lichtenstein, 1830
  • Colobates Milne-Edwards, 1874
  • Colobotis Brandt, 1844
  • Otocolobus Brandt, 1844
  • Spermatophilus Wagler, 1830

属名更改编辑

本属物种原主要包括分布在北美洲地区啮齿动物,称为美洲黃鼠屬。2005年出版的《世界哺乳动物物种》(第三版)一书中将“黃鼠屬”的拉丁属名更改,原属名 Citellus 经考证为无效学名,改用 Spermophilus[1]

下属物种编辑

目前全球生物多样性信息网络(GBIF)记录了本属46种:[2]

  • Spermophilus bensoni (Gidley, 1922)
  • Spermophilus cochisei (Gidley, 1922)
  • Spermophilus cragini (Hibbard, 1941)
  • Spermophilus dotti (Hibbard, 1954)
  • Spermophilus finlayensis (Strain, 1966)
  • Spermophilus fricki (Hibbard, 1942)
  • Spermophilus gidleyi (Merriam et al., 1925)
  • Spermophilus howelli (Hibbard, 1941)
  • Spermophilus matachicensis (Wilson, 1949)
  • Spermophilus matthewi (Black, 1963)
  • Spermophilus mcgheei (Strain, 1966)
  • Spermophilus mckayensis (Shotwell, 1956)
  • Spermophilus meadensis (Hibbard, 1941)
  • Spermophilus primitivus (Bryant, 1945)
  • Spermophilus rexroadensis (Hibbard, 1941)
  • Spermophilus ridgwayi Gazin, 1932
  • Spermophilus shotwelli (Black, 1963)
  • Spermophilus taylori (Hay, 1921)
  • Spermophilus tuitus (Hay, 1921)
  • Spermophilus wilsoni (Shotwell, 1956)
  • Spermophilus argonautus (Stirton & Goeriz, 1942)
  • 阿拉善黄鼠 Spermophilus alashanicus Büchner, 1888
  • Spermophilus boothi Hibbard, 1972
  • 短尾黄鼠 Spermophilus brevicauda Brandt, 1843
  • Spermophilus Spermophilus (Linnaeus, 1766)
  • Spermophilus cyanocittus Korth, 1997
  • 达乌尔黄鼠 Spermophilus dauricus Brandt, 1843
  • 赤颊黄鼠 Spermophilus erythrogenys Brandt, 1841
  • 沙黄鼠 Spermophilus fulvus (Lichtenstein, 1823)
  • Spermophilus jerae Sutton & Korth, 1995
  • Spermophilus johnstoni Hibbard, 1972
  • Spermophilus lorisrusselli Hibbard, 1976
  • 大黄鼠 Spermophilus major (Pallas, 1778)
  • Spermophilus meltoni Hibbard, 1972
  • 高加索黄鼠 Spermophilus musicus Ménétries, 1832
  • 淡尾黄鼠 Spermophilus pallidicauda (Satunin, 1903)
  • 小黄鼠 Spermophilus pygmaeus (Pallas, 1778)
  • Spermophilus ralli (Kuznetsov, 1948)
  • 天山黄鼠 Spermophilus relictus (Kashkarov, 1923)
  • Spermophilus russelli Gustafson, 1978
  • Spermophilus superciliosus Kaup, 1839
  • 斑点黄鼠 Spermophilus suslicus (Güldenstaedt, 1770)
  • Spermophilus taurensis (Gündüz, Jaarola, Tez, Yeniyurt, Polly & Searle, 2007)
  • Spermophilus torosensis
  • Spermophilus wellingtonensis Kelly, 1997
  • Spermophilus xanthoprymnus (Bennett, 1835)


参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Thorington RW, Hoffman RS (2005) Family Sciuridae. In: Wilson DE, Reeder DM (eds) Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, vol 2, 3rd edn. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, pp 754–818
  2. ^ Spermophilus F.Cuvier, 1825. GBIF. [2021-06-01].