英国皇家鸟类保护协会

组织

英国皇家鸟类保护协会(Royal Society for the Protection of Birds)是英国的一个慈善组织,[3][4] 成立于1889年。 它不断通过组织公共宣传活动、请愿和协会的自然保护区来促进鸟类和环境的保护。[5]

英國皇家鳥類保護協會
公司類型慈善組織
成立1889年 (1889),英國曼徹斯特的弗萊徹莫斯園林
代表人物
總部貝德福德郡,桑迪,RSPB別墅
2 愛丁堡,Lochside View
標語口號給自然一個家。(Giving naturn a home.)[2]
業務範圍英國
營業額 £ 8,828萬英鎊 GBP (2006)[1]
息税前利润 £ 6,970萬英鎊 (2006)[1]
净利润 £ 368萬英鎊 (2006)[1]
員工人數
网站www.rspb.org.uk

英国皇家鸟类保护协会拥有超过1300名员工、18000名志愿者和100多万会员(包括195,000青年团员),它已成为欧洲最大的保护野生动物的慈善机构。[6]英国皇家鸟类保护协会有许多地方团体和约200个自然保护区。[7]

历史编辑

 
曼彻斯特为纪念英国皇家鸟类保护协会成立了100周年的活动

1889年,艾米莉·威廉姆森在曼彻斯特迪兹伯里的自宅(现在的弗莱彻苔藓植物园)創立了羽衣聯盟(The Plumage League)[8],成立宗旨是反对用凤头鸊鷉和海鸥的皮與羽毛制作裘衣。[9]該組織之後與毛皮和羽毛聯盟(Fur and Feather League)在克羅伊登合併成現今的英國皇家鳥類保護協會。

英国皇家鸟类保护协会的创始成员都是女性一种带有异国风情的帽子,这种帽子由皮毛制成。她们全力反对使用这种帽子。[9]

英国皇家鸟类保护协会成立时,制作帽子的羽毛的贸易额非常大。在1884年第一季度,大约有7000极乐鸟的毛皮被进口到英国,此外还有西印度和巴西的40万鸟和东印度的36万只鸟。[10]

英国皇家鸟类保护协会不断吸引一些社会地位较高的妇女的支持。渐渐地,协会也开始吸引许多其他影响力较高的人物,且不分男女,如鸟类学家教授Alfred Newton。协会得到了较好的发展,吸引了许多新成员。成立仅15年后,协会便得到了爱德华七世的皇家宪章。英国皇家鸟类保护协会还帮助英国议会推出了禁止用羽毛制作服装的法律。[8]

主要活动编辑

现在,英国皇家鸟类保护协会与公务员一起工作,并同这些公务员一起向政府提供关于环保的政策。 在英国,它是协助编写官方所有已发现鸟类的保护状态列表的组织之一。

自然保护区编辑

 
一个位于安格尔西的自然保护区的一个游客中心

英国皇家鸟类保护协会在英国拥有超过200多个自然保护区[7] ,拥有各种栖息地[11] 保护区通常有专门用来观鸟的观鸟屋,在那里游客还可以查询到很多信息,其中包括了在那里可以看到的野生动物的相关信息。[12]

获奖记录编辑

皇家鸟类保护协会被授予的奖项包括了总统奖,这是为了表彰志愿者们在协会的杰出贡献。

英国皇家鸟类保护协会奖(RSPB Medal)编辑

英国皇家鸟类保护协会称:“RSPB Medal是该协会的最高奖项。”它被用于表彰在野生鸟类郊区的保护方面有杰出贡献的人。一般每年颁发给一个人,偶尔会颁发给两个人。[13]

获奖者编辑

该奖项在1908年被首次颁布,获奖者有:

杂志编辑

英国皇家鸟类保护协会有专门供会员阅读的杂志,这已经延续了超过一个世纪。

Bird Notes编辑

Bird Notes 
ISO 4缩写在此搜索
学科Ornithology
语言English
出版信息
出版者
RSPB(United Kingdom)
出版历史1903年 (1903)-1966
索引
ISSN0406-3392
 
1934年3月版的Bird Notes and News,右上角是早期标志

1903年4月,杂志第一次出版,当时杂志的名字叫做Bird Notes and News(ISSN0406-3392)1947年,名字被改为Bird Notes。。

1947年,的标题改为Bird Notes。在20世纪50年代,杂志每年发布四次,(每逢三月,六月,九月和十二月的第一天发布一次)。Each volume covered two years, spread over three calendar years. For example, volume XXV (25), number one was dated Winter 1951, and number eight in the same volume was dated Autumn 1953.

From the mid-1950s, many of the covers were by Charles Tunnicliffe. Two of the originals are on long-term loan to the Tunnicliffe gallery at Oriel Ynys Môn, but in 1995 the RSPB sold 114 at a Sotheby's auction, raising £210,000, the most expensive being a picture of a partridge which sold for £6,440.[20]

编辑编辑
  • Miss M. G. Davies, BA, MBOU (for many years, until vol. 30 no. 9)
  • John Clegg (from vol. 31 No. 1 – vol. 31 no. 3)
  • Jeremy Boswell (from vol. 31 no. 4 – vol. 31 no. 12)

Birds编辑

Bird Notes' successor Birds (ISSN 1367-983X) replaced it immediately, with volume 1, number 1 being the January–February 1966 edition. Issues were published quarterly, numbered so that a new volume started every other year.

The Autumn 2013 edition, dated August–October 2013, being vol. 25 no. 7, was the last.[21]

编辑编辑

Birds had eleven credited editors during its 47-year, 199 edition run. There were some dual editorships at times of change-over.

  • Jeremy Boswell (vol. 1 no.1 – vol. 1 no. 6)
  • Michael Everett (vol. 1 no. 6 and vol. 1 no. 7)
  • Nicholas Hammond (vol. 1 no. 7 – vol. 5 no. 5)
  • Gerald Searle (vol. 5 no. 6 – vol. 6 no. 5)
  • Nicholas Hammond (vol. 6 no. 6 – vol. 6 no. 9)
  • No editor credited (vol. 7 no. 1 – vol. 8 no. 5)
  • Sylvia Sullivan (vol. 8 no. 6 – vol. 10 no. 2)
  • Nicholas Hammond (vol. 10 no. 3 – vol. 11 no. 1)
  • Annette Preece ("Managing Editor", vol. 11 no. 2 – vol. 12 no. 4)
  • Rob Hume (vol. 12 no. 5 – vol. 22 no. 7)
  • Sarah Brennan (vol. 22 no. 7 – vol. 23 no. 3)
  • Mark Ward (vol. 23 no. 3 – vol. 25 no. 7)

Nature's Home编辑

Nature's Home 
ISO 4缩写在此搜索
学科Ornithology
语言English
编辑Mark Ward
出版信息
出版者
英国皇家鸟类保护协会(United Kingdom)
出版历史2013年 (2013)–present
發行频率Quarterly
索引
ISSN2054-3433
链接

Junior divisions编辑

Big Garden Birdwatch编辑

财政情况编辑

英国皇家鸟类保护协会主要依靠协会成员的资助来获取资金。截至2006年,协会超过50%的资产来自订阅杂志、捐赠和遗赠,合计53669000英镑。[1]作为一个已注册过的慈善机构,the organisation is entitled to gift aid worth an extra £0.28 on every £1.00 donated by income taxpayers.[32] It also receives contractual payments from clean energy utilities and financiers of renewable energy solutions, when its members sign up as clients.[33] The bulk of the income (£63.757 million in 2006) is spent on conservation projects, maintenance of the reserves and on education projects, with the rest going on fundraising efforts and reducing the pension deficit, worth £19.8 million in 2006.

The RSPB is funded primarily by its members; in 2006, over 50% of the society's £88 million income came from subscriptions, donations and legacies, worth a total of £ 53.669 million.[1] As a registered charity, the organisation is entitled to gift aid worth an extra £0.28 on every £1.00 donated by Income_tax payers.[22] It also receives contractual payments from clean energy utilities and financiers of Renewable_energy solutions, when its members sign up as clients.[23] The bulk of the income (£63.757 million in 2006) is spent on conservation projects, maintenance of the reserves and on education projects, with the rest going on fundraising efforts and reducing the pension deficit, worth £19.8 million in 2006.

总会会长编辑

 
Winifred Cavendish-Bentinck, Duchess of Portland, painted by Philip Alexius de László in 1912
  • Winifred Cavendish-Bentinck, Duchess of Portland 1891–1954
  • Cyril Hurcomb
  • Colonel Sir Tufton Beamish
  • Derek Barber, Baron Barber of Tewkesbury
  • Robert Dougall
  • Max Nicholson 1980–1985
  • Magnus Magnusson 1985–1990
  • Sir Derek Barber 1990–1991[24]
  • Ian Prestt 1991–1994[24]
  • Julian Pettifer 1994–?
  • Jonathan Dimbleby 2001–?
  • Julian Pettifer 2004–2009
  • Kate Humble 2009[25]–2013
  • Miranda Krestovnikoff 2013–(incumbent) [26]

行政主席编辑

随着时间的推移,称呼是有所不同的。

  • William Henry Hudson – Chairman of Committee 1894
  • Sir Montagu Sharpe, KBE DL – Chairman of Committee 1895–1942
  • Phillip Brown
  • Peter Conder OBE – Secretary 1963. Director 1964–1975
  • Ian Prestt CBE – Director General 1975–1991
  • Barbara Young – CEO 1991–1998
  • Sir Graham Wynne – CEO 1998–2010
  • Mike Clarke – Chief Executive incumbent

联合组织编辑

英国皇家鸟类保护协会是“英国野生动植物与乡村联系组织”的一员[27],亦是國際鳥盟英国的合作伙伴[28]。还是参与管理政府南大西洋物种入侵项目的合作伙伴。

更多编辑

  • List of RSPB reserves
  • Category:Royal Society for the Protection of Birds reserves
  • List of Birdlife International national partner organisations
  • Wildlife law in England and Wales

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 RSPB Annual Report 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2007-11-28., 2005–2006. Retrieved 19 February 2007.
  2. ^ RSPB website. Rspb.org.uk. [2014-01-31]. (原始内容存档于2008-09-02). 
  3. ^ Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Registered Charity no. 207076 at the Charity Commission
  4. ^ Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Registered Charity no.
  5. ^ "What does the RSPB do?"
  6. ^ "About the RSPB" Archived 2012-03-25 at WebCite.
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 "Reserves".
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 "Milestones"页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆). 引用错误:带有name属性“milestones”的<ref>标签用不同内容定义了多次
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 "History of the RSPB"页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆). 引用错误:带有name属性“history”的<ref>标签用不同内容定义了多次
  10. ^ Adams (2004), p. 189.
  11. ^ "Reserves by habitat" 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2007-02-20..
  12. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions" 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2007-02-20..
  13. ^ 13.0 13.1 13.2 Reynolds, James (2007-08-23).
  14. ^ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 "Independent journalist wins RSPB medal" 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2012-04-02..
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Avery, Mark (2011-10-10).
  16. ^ "Robert returns to his roots" 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2012-04-05..
  17. ^ "Speaker Profiles"[失效連結] (PDF).
  18. ^ 18.0 18.1 "Aberdeen graduate bags prestigious RSPB Medal" 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2012-02-10..
  19. ^ "The Prince of Wales Receives Medal".
  20. ^ RSPB Birds magazine, Vol 16 No 01, February–April 1996, page 10
  21. ^ Ward, Mark (Autumn 2013).
  22. ^ Gift Aid. RSPB. [19 February 2007]. (原始内容存档于22 February 2007). 
  23. ^ Dellingpole, James. RSPB makes a killing... from windfarm giants behind turbines accused of destroying rare birds. Daily Mail. 7 April 2013 [23 December 2013]. 
  24. ^ 24.0 24.1 RSPB Birds magazine, Vol 13 No 7, Autumn 1991
  25. ^ Jamieson, Alastair (3 October 2009).
  26. ^ Hogg, Gemma (12 October 2013).
  27. ^ "Wildlife and Countryside Link, Our members".
  28. ^ "RSPB, Our partnership with BirdLife International".

外部链接编辑