萌生植物适应环境干扰的一种更新策略[1]。一些植物从被火烧、干旱或被砍伐的部、树干基部的木质瘤等产生新的枝苗,从而形成多茎干植株[2][3][4]。这也是森林管理的一种传统方式。萌生出的茎干数量常作为萌生能力的表征指标[5]

从被砍伐的赤杨根部萌生出的多个枝苗

参见编辑

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Bond, William J.; Midgley, Jeremy J. The Evolutionary Ecology of Sprouting in Woody Plants. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 2003-05, 164 (S3): S103–S114. doi:10.1086/374191. 
  2. ^ 闫恩荣; 王希华, 施家月, 王希波, 王良衍. 木本植物萌枝生态学研究进展. 应用生态学报. 2005, 16 (12): 2459–2464. 
  3. ^ Paula, S.; Pausas, J. G. Leaf traits and resprouting ability in the Mediterranean basin. Functional Ecology. 2006-12, 20 (6): 941–947. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01185.x. 
  4. ^ Paula, S.; Arianoutsou, M.; Kazanis, D.; Tavsanoglu, Ç; Lloret, F.; Buhk, C.; Ojeda, F.; Luna, B.; Moreno, J. M.; Rodrigo, A.; Espelta, J. M.; Palacio, S.; Fernández-Santos, B.; Fernandes, P. M.; Pausas, J. G. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin: Ecological Archives E090-094. Ecology. 2009-05, 90 (5): 1420–1420. doi:10.1890/08-1309.1. 
  5. ^ Xiulian, Chi; Qinggang, Wang; Qiang, Guo; Xian, Yang; Zhiyao, Tang. Sprouting characteristics of communities during succession in an evergreen broad-leaved forest on Gutian Mountain, East China. Biodiversity Science. 2019-01-20, 27 (1): 24. doi:10.17520/biods.2018222.