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螺蛳属
Margarya melanoides 001.jpg
Shell of Margarya melanioides, the type species of Margarya
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 軟體動物門 Mollusca
纲: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
科: 田螺科 Viviparidae
亚科: 环棱螺亚科 Bellamyinae
属: 螺蛳属 Margarya
Nevill英语Geoffrey Nevill, 1877[1]
多样性
8 species[2]
異名[2]
  • Margarya (Mabillemargarya) He, 2013
  • Margarya (Margarya) G. Nevill, 1877

螺蛳属(學名:Margarya)是一個淡水生、有口蓋英语operculum (gastropod)淡水螺英语freshwater snail,是田螺科环棱螺亚科腹足纲软体动物[2][3][4]

目录

分類學编辑

螺蛳属的學名Margarya源於本屬模式種Margarya melanioides英语Margarya melanioides樣本的採集者A.R. Margary:他在中國雲南洱海採集了本物種的標本,然後再由Nevill (1877) 描述[1]。基於螺殼及螺肋的形態,张玺齊鍾彥於1949年首度修訂本屬,本辨識出本屬有七個不同的物種[5]。在這次修訂裡,張璽建立了兩個螺螄屬的亞屬,即:玺螺蛳亚属Tchangmargarya英语Tchangmargarya)及Mabillemargarya亞屬[6]。The first molecular phylogeny showed that the genus Margarya is 多系群 and divided into three distinct clades.[7] Combining study of comparative morphology and molecular phylogeny, Zhang et al. revised the systematics of Margarya and recognized eight genuine extant species. However, only four species were found belonging to Margarya s. str., the rest species belonging to distinct genus Tchangmargarya英语Tchangmargarya or Anularya英语Anularya.[2]

分佈编辑

本屬物種只見於中华人民共和国云南省的湖泊中,包括有:滇池洱海茈碧湖Jianhu LakeXihu Lake泸沽湖[2]

物種编辑

狭义的螺蛳属包含四个已知現生物种[8][2]及四個化石物種[2]

異名:

Margarya bicostata英语Margarya bicostata光肋螺螄 Margarya mansuyi英语Margarya mansuyi 現時屬於角螺屬 Anularya英语AnularyaMargarya yangtsunghaiensis英语Margarya yangtsunghaiensis is transferred to Tchangmargarya英语Tchangmargarya.

Cladogram编辑

The cladogram based on sequences of mitochondrial 16S 核糖体RNA and Main subunit of cytochrome c oxidase英语Main subunit of cytochrome c oxidase (COI), and nuclear Internal transcribed spacer英语Internal transcribed spacer genes showing the phylogenic relationships of the genus Margarya indicates that Margarya is 多系群.[2][7] Margarya as traditionally delimited decayed into three distinct clades.The sister lineages of two of these clades are representatives from different vivparid genera, which are widely distributed in East and Southeast Asian rivers and lakes. These predominantly riparian viviparids also differ markedly in their shell morphology. Herein only genus-level phylogenic relationship is given, whereas relationship between lower taxonomic units deserve further study.

螺蛳属(Margarya)及相關田螺科物種之關係

Margarya yangtsunghaiensis英语Margarya yangtsunghaiensis and Tchangmargarya multilabiata英语Tchangmargarya multilabiata

Margarya bicostata英语Margarya bicostata and Margarya mansuyi英语Margarya mansuyi

湄公螺屬 Mekongia sp. 及 石田螺属 Sinotaia英语Sinotaia spp.

圆田螺属 Cipangopaludina spp.

Margarya melanioides英语Margarya melanioides, Margarya monodi英语Margarya monodi, Margarya francheti英语Margarya francheti, Margarya oxytropoides英语Margarya oxytropoides

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Nevill G. (1877). "List of the Mollusca brought back by Dr. Anderson from Yunnan and Upper Burma, with descriptions of new species". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal英语Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 46(2): 14-41. page 30.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Zhang, L. J.; Chen, S. C.; Yang, L. T.; Jin, L.; Köhler, F. Systematic revision of the freshwater snail Margarya Nevill, 1877 (Mollusca: Viviparidae) endemic to the ancient lakes of Yunnan, China, with description of new taxa. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society英语Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 2015, 174 (4): 760–800. doi:10.1111/zoj.12260 (英语). 
  3. ^ Frýda, J.; Hausdorf, B.; Ponder, W.; Valdés, Á.; Warén, A. Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P., 编. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology (Hackenheim, Germany / Ann Arbor, USA: ConchBooks). 2005, 47 (1-2): 397 pp. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  4. ^ Bouchet, P. Margarya G. Nevill, 1877. World Register of Marine Species. [2014-12-10]. 
  5. ^ Tchang, X.; Tsi, Z. Y. A revision of the genus Margarya of the family Viviparidae. Contributions from the Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Peiping. 1949, 5: 1–26. 
  6. ^ He, J. A conchological review of Margarya-complex (Gastropoda: Viviparidae). Shell Discoveries. 2013, 2: 2–15. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Du, L.-N.; Yang, J.-X.; von Rintelen, T.; Chen, X.-Y.; Aldridge, D. Molecular phylogenetic evidence that the Chinese viviparid genus Margarya (Gastropoda: Viviparidae) is polyphyletic. Chinese Science Bulletin英语Chinese Science Bulletin. 2013, 58 (18): 2154–2162. doi:10.1007/s11434-012-5632-y. 
  8. ^ 太平洋岛. 刚认识却要说再见,云南特有物种——缁衣玺螺蛳. 果壳网. 2018-03-27 [2019-03-26] (中文(简体)‎). 
  9. ^ Mabille, J. Déscription de vivipares nouvelles du Lac Ta-li [大理湖新的田螺科物種的描述]. Bulletins de la Société malacologique de France. 1886, 3: 65–76 (法语). 
  10. ^ Dautzenberg; Fischer. Liste de mollusques récoltés par M. H. Mansuy en Indo-Chine et au Yunnan et description d′espèces nouvelles. Journal de Conchyliologie. 1905, 53: 343–471. 
  11. ^ Heude P. M. (1882–1890). Notes sur les mollusques terrestres de la Vallée du Fleuve Bleu. Mémoires concernant l′histoire naturelle de l′Empire chinois 1: 1–188.
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 Li. Margarya and Paraprosothenia (Gastropoda) from the Sheshan formation in Lijiang Basin Western Yunnan. Professional Papers of Straigraphy and Palaeontology. 1987, 22: 159–166. 
  13. ^ Huang, B.Y.; Wang, H. J.; Zhang, L. On the mollusk of late Tertiary to Quaternary from Can-I in Kunming, Yunnan. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Malacology. 1986, 2: 128–135. 
  14. ^ Tian, Y.; Fürsich, F. T.; Schneider. Giant Viviparidae(Gastropoda: Architaenioglossa) from the early Oligocene of the Nanning basin (Guangxi, SE China). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen. 2013, 267: 75–87. 
引用错误:在<references>标签中name属性为“Bouchet 2017”的参考文献没有在文中使用

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