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抑制控制

(重定向自衝動控制能力

抑制控制英语:Inhibitory control),是指个体抑制住自己的冲动英语impulse (psychology)、本能的认知过程,以便执行与自己预期目标相符的有关行为。[1][2]比方说,面对一个看上去很美味的蛋糕时,为了节食而选择拒绝食用,这就是抑制控制在起作用。[2]抑制控制是一种管控功能,其中自我管理是抑制控制很重要的一方面。[2][3][4][5]前額葉皮質尾状核丘腦下核英语subthalamic nucleus都参与了抑制控制的认知过程。[2][3]

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ Ilieva IP, Hook CJ, Farah MJ. Prescription Stimulants' Effects on Healthy Inhibitory Control, Working Memory, and Episodic Memory: A Meta-analysis. J Cogn Neurosci. 2015, 27: 1–21. PMID 25591060. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00776. 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Diamond A. Executive functions. Annu Rev Psychol. 2013, 64: 135–168. PMC 4084861. PMID 23020641. doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-113011-143750. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE. Chapter 13: Higher Cognitive Function and Behavioral Control. (编) Sydor A, Brown RY. Molecular Neuropharmacology: A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience 2nd. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical. 2009: 313–321. ISBN 9780071481274. 
  4. ^ Guiney H, Machado L. Benefits of regular aerobic exercise for executive functioning in healthy populations. Psychon Bull Rev. February 2013, 20 (1): 73–86. PMID 23229442. doi:10.3758/s13423-012-0345-4. 
  5. ^ Buckley J, Cohen JD, Kramer AF, McAuley E, Mullen SP. Cognitive control in the self-regulation of physical activity and sedentary behavior. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014, 8: 747. PMC 4179677. PMID 25324754. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00747.