實驗室黴漿菌

支原体科支原体属细菌
(重定向自辛西婭

實驗室黴漿菌(学名Mycoplasma laboratorium[1],又稱為辛西婭(Synthia,意譯“人造兒”),人類歷史上的首個人造生命,誕生於2010年,由美國生物學家克雷格·文特爾領導的約翰·克雷格·凡特研究所英语J. Craig Venter Institute制造。研究共進行15年,耗資4000萬美元。辛西婭是以經電腦修改過的絲狀支原體絲狀種英语Mycoplasma mycoidesDNA,移植到山羊支原體中,辛西婭能自我複製產生新一代。[2][3][4]

實驗室黴漿菌Infobox info icon2.svg
Mycoplasma laboratorium.jpg
科学分类 编辑
域: 细菌域 Bacteria
界: 细菌界 Bacteria
门: 軟壁菌門 Tenericutes
纲: 柔膜菌纲 Mollicutes
目: 枝原体目 Mycoplasmatales
科: 枝原体科 Mycoplasmataceae
属: 枝原体属 Mycoplasma
种: M. mycoides
亚种: 實驗室黴漿菌 M. m. JCVI-syn1.0
三名法
Mycoplasma mycoides JCVI-syn1.0
Gibson et al., 2010
異名[a 1]

Mycoplasma laboratorium Reich, 2000

註解编辑

  1. ^ Reich, KA. The search for essential genes.. Research in Microbiology. June 2000, 151 (5): 319–24. PMID 10919511. doi:10.1016/S0923-2508(00)00153-4. In addition, the difficult genetics in these organisms makes subsequent verification of essentiality by directed knockouts problematic and virtually precludes the possibility of performing a de novo synthesis of ‘M. laboratorium’, the origin of the attention in the popular press. 

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ 實驗室黴漿菌Mycoplasma laboratorium
  2. ^ Sizing up the 'synthetic cell', Nature, 2010-05-20 [2010-05-22], (原始内容存档于2020-04-30) 
  3. ^ Scientists create artificial life in laboratory, The Times, 2010-05-21 [2010-05-22], (原始内容存档于2011-07-18) 
  4. ^ We need a real debate about Synthia, The Telegraph, 2010-05-21 [2010-05-22], (原始内容存档于2010-05-22)