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阴蒂切除术,指切除阴蒂的手术。在目前,阴蒂切除术极少用于临床。常见的阴蒂切除通常发生在非洲地区的女性割礼上。

历史编辑

在历史上,阴蒂切除术曾用于抑制女性自慰[1]19世纪欧美的妇科医生曾将切除阴蒂作为治疗精神病与自慰的手段。[2]西方首例报道的阴蒂切除术发生于1822年的柏林,一个十几岁的女孩因为频繁自慰被认为“低能”,阴蒂被切除。 [3]

參見编辑

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Duffy, John. Masturbation and Clitoridectomy: A Nineteenth-Century View. JAMA. October 19, 1963, 186 (3): 246–248. PMID 14057114. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.63710030028012. 
  2. ^ Rodriguez, Sarah W. "Rethinking the history of female circumcision and clitoridectomy: American medicine and female sexuality in the late nineteenth century", Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 63(3), July 2008, pp. 323–347.
  3. '^ Elchalal, Uriel et al. "Ritualistic Female Genital Mutilation: Current Status and Future Outlook", Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, 52(10), October 1997, pp. 643–651.
    • 关于此次手术的报道,参见Black, Donald Campbell. On the Functional Diseases of the Renal, Urinary and Reproductive Organs. Lindsay & Blakiston, 1872, pp. 127–129.