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阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦和平奖

阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦和平奖英语:Albert Einstein Peace Prize)设立于1980年,是由阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦和平奖基金会每年颁发一次的和平奖项,主要奖励对核裁军运动做出贡献者。 该基金会成立于1979年,即阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦诞辰一百周年,并唤起了人们对敦促核裁军罗素–爱因斯坦宣言的关注。在爱因斯坦的地产受托人的赞助下[1],威廉·M·施瓦茨(1912-1987)成立了阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦和平奖基金会,后者是一个富有的商人,也是活动家阿龙·施瓦茨的祖父。[2][3][4][5] 威廉·M·施瓦茨曾参与帕格沃什会议科学和世界事务会议,他建立基金会来作为对帕格沃什会议的支持。本奖项的奖励为50,000美元。

1992年以後,未持續頒發。

获奖者编辑

阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦和平奖获奖者
年份 获奖者 注释 参考资料
1980 阿尔瓦·默达尔 为她直言不讳地强调大国为控制其核竞争而采取行动,并为实现1963年部分禁止核试验条约,1969年核不扩散条约,以及禁止部署 海底太空的核武器作出重大贡献。 [6][7]
1981 乔治·凯南 为他减少美苏之间和整个世界之间的紧张关系的持续努力 [8][9][10]
1982 McGeorge Bundy, R罗伯特·麦克纳马拉, 杰拉德·C·史密斯 为他们反对一次打击 [11][12][13]
1983 约瑟夫·伯纳丁 为他起草了美国主教要求签署新的武器协议的牧函 [14]
1984 皮埃尔·特鲁多
[15]
1985 维利·勃兰特 [16]
1986 奥洛夫·帕尔梅 追授,奖励“为了和平的广泛努力” [17]
1988 安德烈·德米特里耶维奇·萨哈罗夫 [18]
1990 米哈伊尔·谢尔盖耶维奇·戈尔巴乔夫 [19]
1992 约瑟夫·罗特布拉特汉斯·贝特 在标志着芝加哥1号堆建立五十周年的大会上授予 [20][21]

参见编辑

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ Cousins, Norman. Letter from the Albert Einstein Peace Prize Foundation to Joshua Lederberg (PDF). The Joshua Lederberg Papers. United States National Library of Medicine. 14 December 1979 [11 January 2016]. 
  2. ^ Guy, Sandra. Aaron Swartz was ‘killed by government,’ father says at funeral. Sun-Times. 15 January 2013 [10 January 2016]. (原始内容存档于18 January 2013). 
  3. ^ Heise, Kenan. William Swartz, Peace Agency Founder. Chicago Tribune. November 13, 1987 [10 January 2016]. 
  4. ^ William M. Swartz, 1912–1987. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science, Inc.). January–February 1988: 42 [10 January 2016]. 
  5. ^ Yang, Wesley. The Life and Afterlife of Aaron Swartz. New York magazine. February 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ "NAMES & FACES" in Boston Globe March 14, 1980. Retrieved June 6, 2006.
  7. ^ Recipient of the first Albert Einstein Peace Prize of $50,000 is...Alva Myrdal for her service to her country and to the world. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science, Inc.). May 1980: 7 [11 January 2016]. 
  8. ^ Krebs, Albin and Thomas, Robert McG.: "NOTES ON PEOPLE; Kennan Wins Peace Prize" in New York Times March 17, 1981. Retrieved June 6, 2006.
  9. ^ Recipient of the second Albert Einstein Peace Prize. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science, Inc.). May 1981: 7 [11 January 2016]. 
  10. ^ Burns, Richard Dean; Siracusa, Joseph M. A Global History of the Nuclear Arms Race: Weapons, Strategy, and Politics. ABC-CLIO. 2013-04-23: 566 [11 January 2016]. ISBN 9781440800955. 
  11. ^ William Swartz; 1912–1987. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. June 1988, 5: 2. 
  12. ^ Briefing: How High Is High?. The New York Times. October 2, 1982 [11 January 2016]. 
  13. ^ McNamara Urges Shift In U.S. Atomic Strategy. New York Times. October 8, 1982 [11 January 2016]. 
  14. ^ Bernardin, Joseph. Pacem in terris: twenty years later. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. February 1984: 11. 
  15. ^ Whitaker, Reg: "Pierre Elliot Trudeau" in The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 6, 2006.
  16. ^ Clarity, James F. and Weaver Jr., Warren: "Brandt Packs His Bags 页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆" in New York Times October 4, 1985. Retrieved June 6, 2006.
  17. ^ Palme honoured. Ottawa Citizen. September 30, 1986: A10 [10 January 2016]. 
  18. ^ Rhéaume, Charles. Echoing Citizen Einstein in the East: Andrei Sakharov. Conference Proceedings. American Institute of Physics. 18–22 July 2005 [13 August 2012]. [永久失效連結]
  19. ^ ROSENTHAL, ANDREW. Summit in Washington; Bush and Gorbachev sign major accords on missiles, chemical weapons and trade. The New York Times. June 2, 1990 [10 January 2016]. In the afternoon, Mr. Gorbachev received ... the award of the Albert Einstein Peace Prize Foundation. 
  20. ^ Pugwash Online. Retrieved June 6, 2006.
  21. ^ Einstein Peace Prize Award. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (Educational Foundation for Nuclear Science, Inc.). December 1992: 5 [11 January 2016].