阿巴拉契亚山脉

北美洲東部的山系
(重定向自阿帕拉契山脈

阿巴拉契亚山脉(英語:Appalachian Mountains),又譯阿帕拉契山脉,是北美洲东部的一座山系。南起美国阿拉巴马州,北至加拿大的纽芬兰和拉布拉多省。最北部余脉则延伸到魁北克加斯佩地区。平均海拔910米(3000英尺)。最高峰在北卡罗莱纳州米切尔峰(2037)。

阿巴拉契亚山脉
Appalachian Mountains
The Appalachian Mountains in the background with Penns Valley in Pennsylvania in the foreground, October 2021
最高点
山峰Mount Mitchell, North Carolina
海拔6,684英尺(2,037米)
规模
长度2,050英里(3,300公里)
地理
Appalachian Mountains including US and Canadian portions.[翻譯請求]
国家美国, 加拿大 and 法国[a] (其海外属地)[1]
省/ 州Newfoundland and Labrador[2][3], Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Québec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Washington, D.C., Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, 佐治亚州 and 阿拉巴马
地质
造山运动Grenvillle, Taconic, Acadian, Alleghanian
岩石年代Mesoproterozoic era (Stenian period) [4]Paleozoic era (Permian period); 1.2 billion years ago to 300 million years ago
阿巴拉契亚山脉的范围
阿巴拉契亚山脉的生物資源豐富,常見的動物像是松鼠、東部棉尾兔白尾鹿駝鹿東加拿大狼北美山獅美洲黑熊及圖中的野火雞

构成阿巴拉契亚山脉的有纽芬兰省的长岭山、魁北克的圣母山、缅因州朗费罗山英语Longfellow Mountains新罕布夏州怀特山佛蒙特州綠山山脈塔科尼克山脉英语Taconic Mountains马萨诸塞州伯克希爾山脈英语Berkshires;跨宾夕法尼亚州马里兰州西佛吉尼亚州三州的阿勒格尼山脉;跨宾夕法尼亚州马里兰州西弗吉尼亚州以及弗吉尼亚州四州的阿巴拉契亚岭谷。还有从宾夕法尼亚州南部到佐治亚州北部的蓝岭山脈

实际上阿巴拉契高地严格的边界範圍存有争议,阿第倫達克山脈一般被认为是属于加拿大地盾,而非阿帕拉契高地。

註釋

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  1. ^ France maintains governmental control of eight small islands off the southern coast of Newfoundland, Canada, named Saint Pierre and Miquelon. Newfoundland is generally considered the northernmost point of the Appalachian range. Therefore, the Appalachians run through the lone remaining North American territory of France.

参考资料

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  1. ^ Saint Pierre and Miquelon. World Factbook. [August 15, 2023]. (原始内容存档于2021-02-02). the islands are actually part of the northern Appalachians along with Newfoundland 
  2. ^ International Appalachian Trail- Newfoundland. Iatnl.ca. [November 6, 2010]. (原始内容存档于June 4, 2010). 
  3. ^ Cees R. van Staal, Mineral Deposits of Canada: Regional Metallogeny: Pre-Carboniferous tectonic evolution and metallogeny of the Canadian Appalachians 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期March 11, 2009,., Geological Survey of Canada website
  4. ^ Thomas, William A.; Hatcher, Jr., Robert D. Southern-Central Appalachians-Ouachitas Orogen. Encyclopedia of Geology. 2021, 4 –通过Elsevier Science Direct. The foundations of the Appalachian-Ouachita orogen were laid when the assembly of supercontinent Rodinia was completed. The collisional events were accompanied by high-grade metamorphism and magmatism during the Grenville orogeny in the time span of 1300–950 Ma. 

相關條目

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