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非常規性別(英語:gender nonconformity)或稱性別变体(英語:Gender variance)是指个人的行为或性别表达不符合男性和女性的性别规范。在跨性别人士的情况下,他们可能在性別转换之前被告知或认为自己是非常規性別的人,但在转换之后可能不会认为自己是这样子的人。一些双性人也可能表现出性別变体。[1]

术语编辑

性別变体被心理学[2][3]精神病学[4]人类学[5]性别研究以及性别变体人群自己的倡导组[6]使用。性别变体这一术语意義廣泛,包括變性人、女同志的Tomboy、娘娘腔、海吉拉等特定术语。

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Douglas C. Halderman (2000), Gender Atypical Youth: Clinical and Social Issues. School Psychology Review, v29 n2 p192-200 2000
  2. ^ Lynne Carroll, Paula J. Gilroy, Jo Ryan (2002), Counseling Transgendered, Transsexual, and Gender-Variant Clients, Journal of Counseling & Development, Volume 80, Number 2, Spring 2002, pp. 131 - 139
  3. ^ Arlene Istar Lev, (2004) Transgender Emergence: Therapeutic Guidelines for Working With Gender-Variant People and Their Families. Haworth Press, ISBN 978-0-7890-0708-7
  4. ^ Walter O. Bockting, Randall D. Ehrbar (2006), "Commentary: Gender Variance, Dissonance, or Identity Disorder? pp. 125 - 134 in "Sexual and Gender Diagnoses of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM): A reevaluation edited by Dan Karasic and Jack Drescher, 2006, Haworth Press, ISBN 0-7890-3214-7 NB: Several articles in this book use the term "gender variance".
  5. ^ Serena Nanda (2000) Gender Diversity: Crosscultural Variations, Illinois: Waveland Press, Inc., 2000 ISBN 1-57766-074-9 NB: Nanda uses the term "gender variance" to encompass gender phenomena in different cultures.
  6. ^ "Gender Education and Advocacy (GEA) is a national [US] organization focused on the needs, issues and concerns of gender variant people in human society." Mission statement, available on the front page of the group's website: www.gender.org