黑暗三角人格

心理学上黑暗三角人格包括自恋马基雅维利主义心理病態的人格特征。 [1] [2] [3] [4]由于它们的特徵非善意,故它们被称为“”。 [5] [6] [7]

黑暗三角人格,三个反社会的人格特质:自恋、马基雅维利主义和心理病態

关于黑暗三角形的研究被用于应用心理学,尤其是在执法临床心理学商业管理领域。研究指出在这些特征上得分較高的人更容易犯罪,给社会造成困扰,并為團體带来严重的问题,特别当他们任職领導时。他们往往沒有同情心、亦非友善。當同理心缺乏、对生活充滿不滿時,也不太可能會相信自己和他人的善。[8]

尽管研究证据表明它们是重覆的,但黑暗三角形在概念上仍然有不同的。它们大多与冷酷的人际交往风格相关。 [9]

因素分析发现,在五大性格特質中親和性低是形成黑暗三角形的重要原因,而神经质和缺乏责任感亦為其中因素之一。 [11][14]

參看编辑

參考文本编辑

  1. ^ Paulhus, Delroy L; Williams, Kevin M. The Dark Triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality. December 2002, 36 (6): 556–563. doi:10.1016/S0092-6566(02)00505-6. 
  2. ^ Robert M. Regoli; John D. Hewitt; Matt DeLisi. Delinquency in Society: The Essentials. Jones & Bartlett Learning. 20 April 2011: 99 [2021-10-05]. ISBN 978-0-7637-7790-6. (原始内容存档于2020-08-20). 
  3. ^ W. Keith Campbell; Joshua D. Miller. The Handbook of Narcissism and Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Theoretical Approaches, Empirical Findings, and Treatments. John Wiley & Sons. 7 July 2011: 154 [2021-10-05]. ISBN 978-1-118-02924-4. (原始内容存档于2020-08-19). 
  4. ^ Mark R. Leary; Rick H. Hoyle. Handbook of individual differences in social behavior. Guilford Press. 5 June 2009: 100 [2021-10-05]. ISBN 978-1-59385-647-2. (原始内容存档于2021-02-25). 
  5. ^ Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic; Sophie von Stumm; Adrian Furnham. The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Individual Differences. John Wiley & Sons. 23 February 2011: 527 [2021-10-05]. ISBN 978-1-4443-4310-6. (原始内容存档于2021-10-05). 
  6. ^ Leonard M. Horowitz; Stephen Strack, Ph.D. Handbook of Interpersonal Psychology: Theory, Research, Assessment and Therapeutic Interventions. John Wiley & Sons. 14 October 2010: 252–55 [15 February 2012]. ISBN 978-0-470-88103-3. (原始内容存档于2021-10-15). 
  7. ^ David Lacey. Managing the Human Factor in Information Security: How to Win Over Staff and Influence Business Managers. John Wiley & Sons. 17 March 2009: 248 [2021-10-05]. ISBN 978-0-470-72199-5. (原始内容存档于2021-10-05). 
  8. ^ Tsukayama, Eli; Hyde, Elizabeth; Yaden, David Bryce; Kaufman, Scott Barry. The Light vs. Dark Triad of Personality: Contrasting Two Very Different Profiles of Human Nature. Frontiers in Psychology. 2019, 10: 467. ISSN 1664-1078. PMC 6423069 . PMID 30914993. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00467. 
  9. ^ Jones, D. N., Paulhus, D. L. Horowitz, L. M.; Strack, S. N. , 编. Handbook of interpersonal theory and research. New York: Guilford. 2010: 249–67.  Editors list列表缺少|last2= (帮助)
  10. ^ Kohut, H. The Restoration of the Self. New York: International Universities Press. 1977. 
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 Jakobwitz, Sharon; Egan, Vincent. The dark triad and normal personality traits. Personality and Individual Differences. January 2006, 40 (2): 331–339. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2005.07.006. 
  12. ^ Frick, Paul J.; White, Stuart F. Research Review: The importance of callous-unemotional traits for developmental models of aggressive and antisocial behavior. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 21 January 2008, 49 (4): 359–375. ISSN 0021-9630. PMID 18221345. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01862.x (英语).  无效|subscription=free (帮助)
  13. ^ Skeem, Jennifer L.; Polaschek, Devon L. L.; Patrick, Christopher J.; Lilienfeld, Scott O. Psychopathic Personality. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. 15 December 2011, 12 (3): 95–162. PMID 26167886. doi:10.1177/1529100611426706. 
  14. ^ Klimstra, T.; Jeronimus, B.F.; Sijtsema, J.J.; Denissen, J.J.A. The Unfolding Dark Side: Age Trends in Dark Personality Features. Journal of Research in Personality. 2020, 85: 103915. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2020.103915.  无效|subscription=free (帮助)